RAND Federally Funded Research and Development Centers (FFRDCs)

Federally funded research and development centers (FFRDCs) are independent entities that assist the United States government with scientific research, analysis, and development. FFRDCs address critical, long-term problems of considerable complexity; provide immediate, short-term assistance for urgent, high-priority issues; analyze technical questions with a high degree of objectivity; and provide creative and cost-effective solutions to government problems. Working in the public interest, FFRDCs operate as long-term strategic partners with their sponsoring government agencies.

The missions and core competencies of the nation's FFRDCs support the diverse research and development requirements of their sponsors, which provide guidance and oversight of the FFRDCs' work. FFRDC sponsors include the Departments of Defense, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, Transportation, and Treasury; the National Aeronautics and Space Administration; the National Science Foundation; and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

RAND, an independent, nonprofit institution, operates three FFRDCs sponsored by the Department of Defense and one sponsored by the Department of Homeland Security.

RAND Arroyo Center

SPONSOR: Army Staff/Director, Program Analysis and Evaluation

The RAND Arroyo Center conducts a wide range of research and analysis for the Army in the areas of threat assessment; strategy and doctrine; force design and operations; training and readiness; support infrastructure (at the national and operational levels); recruiting, retention, and personnel management; and management of technology and weapons development.

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RAND National Defense Research Institute (NDRI)

SPONSOR: Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics

NDRI conducts a wide range of research and analysis in the areas of international security and economic policy; threat and risk assessment; defense strategy and force employment options; applied science and technology; intelligence sources and methods; strategic decision processes; information processing systems; systems acquisition, readiness and support systems; and active-duty and reserve manpower, personnel, and training for the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Joint Staff, Unified Commands, and defense agencies.

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SPONSOR: Under Secretary of the Air Force

PAF conducts a continuous and interrelated program of objective analyses on major cross-cutting policy and management issues of enduring concern to the Air Force, including studies on preferred means of developing and employing aerospace power; national security threats and strategies; Air Force missions, capabilities, and organizations; strategic and tactical force operations; and technology, support, and resource management.

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Homeland Security Operational Analysis Center (HSOAC)

SPONSOR: U.S. Department of Homeland Security

HSOAC conducts analyses and makes recommendations to strengthen DHS across its full set of missions to prevent terrorism and enhance security, secure and manage U.S. borders, enforce and administer immigration laws, safeguard and secure cyberspace, and strengthen national preparedness and resiliency.

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FFRDCs are administered in accordance with U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 48, Part 35, Section 35.017. More information about FFRDCs can be found at: gpo.gov.