RAND researchers conducted a systematic review that synthesized evidence from trials of needle acupuncture to provide estimates of its efficacy and safety for treating posttraumatic stress disorder.
Mar 15, 2017
Comparative Analysis of Stakeholder Experience with an Online Approach to Prioritizing Patient-Centered Research Topics
Engaging diverse groups of stakeholders through online collaborative platforms is a promising and scalable approach to prioritizing patient-centered research topics.
Mar 14, 2017
Patient-Reported Offers of Alcohol Treatment for Primary Care Patients at High-Risk for an Alcohol Use Disorder
Most primary care patients in this study, who were at high risk for an alcohol use disorder, report that they were not offered treatment after an annual screening.
Nov 29, 2016
Hyaluronic Acid Injection Therapy for Osteoarthritis of the Knee: Concordant Efficacy and Conflicting Serious Adverse Events in Two Systematic Reviews
A lack of standards for reporting and synthesizing adverse events associated with common treatments can lead to conflicting conclusions about the balance of their benefits and harms.
Nov 28, 2016
Explicit standards for transparently describing the essential features of health research studies can help ensure the credibility of research findings.
Nov 8, 2016
Acceptability of an Online Modified Delphi Panel Approach for Developing Health Services Performance Measures: Results from 3 Panels on Arthritis Research
An online Delphi-based process to select criteria for defining health care quality was rated as acceptable by three groups of participants, indicating it could be used to engage stakeholders in developing performance measures.
Sep 29, 2016
It Is Time to Develop Appropriate Tools for Assessing Minimal Clinically Important Differences, Performance Bias and Quality of Evidence in Reviews of Behavioral Interventions
It is important to define minimally important clinical differences in alcohol intervention research that reflect all stakeholders' perspectives.
Sep 14, 2016
Associations of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms with Marijuana and Synthetic Cannabis Use Among Young Adult U.S. Veterans: A Pilot Investigation
Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms among a young adult sample of U.S. veterans were associated with a doubled rate of past-month use of marijuana and lifetime use of synthetic cannabis.
Sep 2, 2016
Key technology needs to improve safety in U.S. schools include two-way communication between teachers and emergency responders and "all-in-one" applications to integrate school safety policies, procedures, training, and alerts for staff and parents.
Aug 22, 2016
Improving Transparency and Reproducibility Through Registration: The Status of Intervention Trials Published in Clinical Psychology Journals
Few trials of interventions in clinical psychology journals are registered before enrolling participants, and few registered trials define their outcomes completely.
Jul 25, 2016
The report categorizes school safety technologies, summarizes research on school violence, presents six case studies of innovative technologies, and summarizes experts' views of technologies and safety problems and their rankings of technology needs.
Apr 14, 2016
This tool presents detailed technical specifications for the set of quality measures identified and specified in a study of the link between improvements in processes of care for alcohol misuse and improvements in outcomes, known as the AQual study.
Apr 14, 2016
This systematic review aims to estimate the effects of acupuncture for adults with substance use disorders (SUDs).
Mar 9, 2016
Development of System-Level Performance Measures for Evaluation of Models of Care for Inflammatory Arthritis in Canada
This study aims to develop system-level performance measures for evaluating the care of patients with inflammatory arthritis (IA), including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
Jan 25, 2016
Development of Key Performance Indicators to Evaluate Centralized Intake for Patients with Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis
The aim of this study was to develop key performance indicators (KPIs) to evaluate centralized intake systems for patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Nov 30, 2015
Reviewing and Interpreting the Effects of Brief Alcohol Interventions: Comment on a Cochrane Review About Motivational Interviewing for Young Adults
Cochrane recently published a systematic review on motivational interviewing (MI) for alcohol misuse in young adults. This study wishes to open a dialogue about interpreting effect sizes in this review and of (brief) alcohol interventions more generally.
Nov 11, 2015
A Systematic Review and Critical Appraisal of Qualitative Metasynthetic Practice in Public Health to Develop a Taxonomy of Operations of Reciprocal Translation
This systematic review presents an update on methods and reporting currently used in qualitative metasynthesis.
Aug 7, 2015
RAND researchers conducted a systematic review that synthesized evidence from trials of Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) to provide estimates of its efficacy and safety for treating substance use disorders.
Jul 28, 2015
RAND researchers conducted a systematic review that synthesized evidence from trials of needle acupuncture to provide estimates of its efficacy and safety for treating substance use disorders.
Jul 28, 2015
Effects of 21st Birthday Brief Interventions on College Student Celebratory Drinking: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
This systematic review aims to determine whether birthday-focused, individually-targeted, no-contact (email or letter-based) brief alcohol interventions (BAIs) reduce college students' 21st birthday celebratory drinking.
Jul 7, 2015
Prevalence Of, Risk Factors For, and Consequences of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Other Mental Health Problems in Military Populations Deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan
Factors such as deployment conditions and social support during and after deployments could help identify, prevent, or mitigate the risk of PTSD among military populations in future conflicts.
Apr 28, 2015
Systematic reviews of qualitative research are useful, but pose challenges for researchers. Many debates over their value arise from the tension between the positivistic, aggregative approach of systematic reviews of intervention effectiveness and the interpretive nature of most qualitative research.
Sep 1, 2014