Victoria A. Greenfield

Photo of Victoria Greenfield
Senior Economist
Off Site Office


B.S. in agricultural economics, Cornell University; Ph.D. in agricultural and resource economics, UC Berkeley; M.S. in agricultural and resource economics, UC Berkeley


Victoria Greenfield has been a Senior Economist with RAND since 2011, and also from 2000 to 2006. In the interim, she held the ADM Crowe Chair in the Economics of the Defense Industrial Base at the U.S. Naval Academy. She also served on the “Committee on Estimating Costs to the Department of Justice of Increased Border Enforcement by the Department of Homeland Security,” a project of the National Academies. Greenfield specializes in national security and international social and economic issues, including transnational crime, with an emphasis on drug production and trafficking. In addition, she advises federal agencies and others on organizational structure, strategic planning, and performance evaluation. Her recent and forthcoming publications explore alternative approaches to supply-oriented drug policy, the feasibility of supply cuts in the world heroin market, means of assessing the harms of criminal activities, the implications of structural change in the defense industry, and costs of overseas basing options. Greenfield has also written extensively on international trade and globalization and defense contracting. From 1999-2000 she was the Senior Economist for Trade and Agriculture at the U.S. President's Council of Economic Advisers. Prior to that she was the Chief International Economist in the Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs at the U.S. Department of State, where she advised senior leadership on proposed trade and environmental agreements, including the Kyoto Protocol. She began her career at the Congressional Budget Office, where she examined the budgetary and economic effects of trade, telecommunications, counternarcotics, and agricultural policies.

Selected Publications

Victoria A. Greenfield and Letizia Paoli, "If supply-oriented drug policy is broken, can harm reduction help fix it? Melding disciplines and methods to advance international drug-control policy," International Journal of Drug Policy, 2011 (forthcoming)

Ryan R. Brady and Victoria A. Greenfield, "Competing explanations of U.S. defense industry consolidation in the 1990s and their policy implications," Contemporary Economic Policy, 28(2):288-306, 2010

Victoria A. Greenfield, Letizia Paoli, and Peter Reuter, "Is medicinal opium production Afghanistan's answer?: Lessons from India and the world market," Journal of Drug Policy Analysis, 2(1), 2009

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter, The World Supply of Heroin: Can Supply Be Cut?Oxford University Press, 2009

Letizia Paoli, Irina Rabkov, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter, "Tajikistan: The rise of a Narco-state," Journal of Drug Issues, 37(4):951-980, 2007