Carole Roan Gresenz

Photo of Carole Gresenz
Director, Economics, Sociology, and Statistics Department; Senior Economist
Washington Office


Ph.D. and M.A. in economics, Brown University; B.A. in economics, Loyola College of Maryland

Media Resources

This researcher is available for interviews.

To arrange an interview, contact the RAND Office of Media Relations at (310) 451-6913, or email

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Carole Roan Gresenz is a senior economist and the research department director of the Economics, Sociology, and Statistics Department at the RAND Corporation. Her work includes analyses of health insurance coverage outcomes among children following expansions of the Children's Health Insurance Program to higher-income families and a study of spillover effects of high rates of uninsurance in a community on access to care among the insured. Gresenz has also explored the effects of health care market characteristics on access to health care among vulnerable populations. She has worked closely with city and county government agencies in the District of Columbia and Maryland on evaluations of local health care systems and programs. She also has expertise on behavioral health care issues and a body of work on dispute resolution in managed care. She formerly served as director of research in the RAND Institute for Civil Justice. Gresenz received her Ph.D. in economics from Brown University.

Recent Projects

  • Evaluation of three states' reforms to cover all children
  • Behavioral health need and access to behavioral health care in the District of Columbia
  • Spillover effects of community uninsurance
  • Health care experiences of Hispanics in new and traditional U.S. destinations
  • Pediatric community health needs assessment for the District of Columbia

Selected Publications

Gresenz, C.R., J. Rogowski, and J.J. Escarce, "Community Demographics and Access to Care Among US Hispanics," Health Services Research, 44(5):1542-1562, 2009

Gresenz, C.R., J. Rogowski, and J.J. Escarce, "Healthcare Markets, the Safety Net, and Utilization of Care Among the Uninsured," Health Services Research, 42(1):239-264, 2007

Gresenz, C.R., J. Rogowski, and J.J. Escarce, "Dimensions of the Local Health Care Environment and Use of Care by Uninsured Children in Rural and Urban Areas," Pediatrics, 117:509-517, 2006

Gresenz, C.R. and D. Studdert, "External Review of Coverage Denials by Managed Care Organizations in California," Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, 2(3):449-468, 2005

C. R. Gresenz and R. Sturm, Mental Health and Employment Transitions, in Marcotte and Wilcox-Gok, eds., The Economics of Gender and Mental Illness, Elsevier Press, 2004

Studdert, D. and C.R. Gresenz, "Enrollee Appeals of Pre-service Coverage Denials at Two Health Maintenance Organizations," Journal of the American Medical Association, 289(7):664-870, 2003