Prevalence and Patterns of Health Risk Behaviors of Palestinian Youth: Findings from a Representative Survey
Investigates the prevalence and patterns of risk behaviors as well as of mental health, perceptions of the risks of such behaviors, and the factors increasing vulnerability to as well as protection from engagement in them.
Jul 25, 2016
Behavioral economics has achieved positive results in decision-making contexts similar to those surrounding disaster preparedness and response, and therefore the low cost and potentially high impact of behavioral economics-based interventions warrant further investigation.
Jun 2, 2016
Supporting Treatment Adherence Readiness Through Training (START) for Patients with HIV on Antiretroviral Therapy: Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial
A "new generation" adherence support program targets patients before they begin HIV treatment. If proven efficacious and cost effective, the program could give clinicians a model for assessing their patients' readiness to adhere to HIV treatment.
Apr 22, 2016
Impact of Food Support on Food Security and Body Weight Among HIV Antiretroviral Therapy Recipients in Honduras: A Pilot Intervention Trial
Optimal strategies to improve food security and nutrition for people living with HIV (PLHIV) may differ in settings where overweight and obesity are prevalent and cardiovascular disease risk is a concern.
Dec 11, 2014
This report evaluates the Population and Poverty Research Initiative (PopPov) and its progress in building economic demography, particularly policy-relevant research; policymakers’ understanding of issues; and research capacity in sub-Saharan Africa.
May 5, 2014
This report evaluates the Population and Poverty Research Initiative (PopPov) and its progress in building economic demography, particularly policy-relevant research; policymakers' understanding of issues; and research capacity in sub-Saharan Africa.
Jan 20, 2014
Tailored Nutrition Education and Food Assistance Improve Adherence to HIV Antiretroviral Therapy: Evidence from Honduras
Food insecurity and malnutrition negatively affect adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and are associated with poor HIV clinical outcomes.
Jan 1, 2014
Prospective Cohort Study of the Impact of Antiretroviral Therapy on Employment Outcomes Among HIV Clients in Uganda
This study evaluates the impact of antiretroviral treatment (ART) on employment-related outcomes using prospective, longitudinal analysis.
Dec 1, 2013
We investigate the empirical relationship between child mortality and fertility across 46 low and middle income countries.
Oct 1, 2013
Fertility Desires Among HIV-infected Men and Women in Los Angeles County: Client Needs and Provider Perspectives
Combination antiretroviral therapy for persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) has extended life expectancy, and enabled PLHA to live productive lives that can include having children.
May 1, 2013
Options for negotiating lower procurement costs for antiretroviral (ARV) medications which could enable more people living with HIV in the United States to receive treatment.
Jun 29, 2012
Factors Associated with Intention to Conceive and Its Communication to Providers Among HIV Clients in Uganda
Persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) must discuss their fertility intentions with healthcare providers to receive the support needed to have children safely and limit transmission risks.
Feb 1, 2012
A Qualitative Exploration of the Economic and Social Effects of Microcredit Among People Living with HIV/AIDS in Uganda
In developing countries, HIV medical care is often insufficient to achieve social and economic health, and hence innovative economic support programs are much needed.
Jan 1, 2012
There is growing concern that climate change will lead to more frequent natural disasters that may adversely affect short- and long-term health outcomes in developing countries.
Jan 1, 2012
This brief summarizes options for improving value for money in HIV funding by using a case study that focuses on the two largest funders, the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief and the Global Fund, and antiretroviral therapy.
Dec 12, 2011
Investigates the impact of small and moderate disasters on childhood morbidity, physical growth, and immunizations by combining household data from the Indian National Family and Health Survey with an international database of natural disasters.
Nov 10, 2011
This report examines options for improving value for money in HIV funding by using a case study that focuses on the two largest funders, the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief and the Global Fund, and antiretroviral therapy.
Oct 6, 2011
Large-scale randomized interventions have the potential to uncover the causal effect of programs applying to a large population, thereby improving on the insights gained from currently dominant smaller randomized studies.
Sep 1, 2011
This study uses novel data to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the demographic and economic circumstances facing HIV-positive individuals who have just entered HIV care in Uganda.
Jun 1, 2011
HIV/AIDS threatens to overstretch the already frail informal safety nets in countries heavily affected by the epidemic, potentially making it difficult for households with HIV‐positive members to keep up appropriate consumption levels when experiencing shocks.
Apr 1, 2010
Anemia in Low-Income Countries Is Unlikely to Be Addressed by Economic Development Without Additional Programs
Looking at the rates of anemia among children and adult women across 40 Demographic and Health Surveys from 32 countries, this study found that although anemia rates do decrease as income increases, the decrease is modest.
Sep 1, 2009
Effectiveness of a Community-Based Intervention to Improve Nutrition in Young Children in Senegal: A Difference in Difference Analysis
The current study uses a difference in difference comparison of cohorts to assess the impact on the proportion of underweight children who lived in villages receiving services provided by the Senegal Nutrition Enhancement Project between 2004 and 2006.
May 1, 2009