Jeffrey Martini

Photo of Jeffrey Martini
Middle East Analyst
Washington Office

Education

M.A. in Arabic studies, Georgetown University; B.A. in economics, Middlebury College

Media Resources

This researcher is available for interviews.

To arrange an interview, contact the RAND Office of Media Relations at (310) 451-6913, or email media@rand.org.

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Overview

Jeffrey Martini is a Middle East analyst at the RAND Corporation, where he works on political reform in the Arab world with a specific focus on North Africa. Martini has published on civil-military relations in Egypt, generational divides within the Muslim Brotherhood, changes in the regional security environment, and prospects for democratization in the "Arab Spring" countries. He has spent four years living in the Arab world, including three as a Peace Corps volunteer in Morocco and one in Cairo, Egypt, where he was a 2007–08 fellow in the CASA Arabic language program. He speaks, reads, and writes modern standard Arabic and speaks Moroccan and Egyptian colloquial. Martini received his B.A. in political science and economics from Middlebury College and his M.A. in Arab studies from Georgetown University.

Recent Projects

  • Commanding Democracy in Egypt: The Military's Attempt to Manage the Future
  • Muslim Brotherhood Youth: Generational Divides and implications for U.S. Engagement
  • Democratization in the Arab World: Prospects and Lessons From Around the Globe

Selected Publications

Jeff Martini, ""Cairo's Candidate Shuffle"," Foreign Affairs online edition, 2012

Jeff Martini, "The Military Wins Again," Foreign Affairs online edition, 2012

Jeff Martini and Julie Taylor, "Commanding Democracy in Egypt: The Military's Attempt to Manage the Future," Foreign Affairs, 90(5), 2011

Gail L. Zellman, Jeffrey Martini, and Michal Perlman, Identifying Arabic-Language Materials for Children That Promote Tolerance and Critical Thinking, RAND Corporation (TR-856), 2011

Lynn E. Davis, Jeffrey Martini, Alireza Nader, and Dalia Dassa Kaye, Iran's Nuclear Future: Critical U.S. Policy Choices, RAND Corporation (MG-1087), 2011

Larry Hanauer, Jeffrey Martini, and Omar Al-Shahery, Managing Arab-Kurd Tensions in Northern Iraq After the Withdrawal of U.S. Troops, RAND Corporation (OP-339), 2011

Frederic Wehrey, Dalia Dassa Kaye, Jessica Watkins, Jeffrey Martini, and Robert A. Guffey, The Iraq Effect: The Middle East After the Iraq War, RAND Corporation (MG-892), 2010

Jeff Martini, "The Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt: Old Age Fighting Time (book review of the Arabic language study)," Contemporary Arab Affairs, 2(2), 2009

Honors & Awards

  • Center for Arabic Study Abroad (CASA) fellowship, 2007-2008, American University in Cairo
  • Foreign Language and Area Studies (FLAS) scholarship, 2006-2007, Georgetown University

Languages

Modern Standard Arabic (advanced proficiency: reading, writing, speaking)|Egyptian Arabic (advanced proficiency: speaking)|Moroccan Arabic (advanced proficiency: speaking)

Commentary

  • Supporters of Egypt's army chief Field Marshal Abdel Fattah al-Sisi

    The Egyptian Regime's Achilles' Heel

    As the threat of the Muslim Brotherhood reclaiming power recedes, it will become difficult for the new authorities in Egypt to hold together a coalition that is built solely on its members' shared antipathy for the Islamist group.

    Feb 21, 2014 | ForeignAffairs.com

  • U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry meets with Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in Jerusalem November 6, 2013

    Playing Good Cop, Bad Cop with Iran

    On the one hand, U.S. negotiators must convince their Iranian counterparts that the United States is serious about offering genuine sanctions relief in return for Tehran making concessions on its nuclear ambitions. On the other hand, the negotiating team must also assuage the concerns of allies and members of Congress.

    Nov 22, 2013 | U.S. News & World Report

  • Mohamed ElBaradei when he was the International Atomic Energy Agency chief, who is now serving as vice president for foreign relations

    Egyptian Liberals, Please Stand Up

    While Egypt really is in trouble, what is needed is not a U.S. signal in the form of an aid cut off or another European mediation effort, it is for Egyptian liberals to stand up and condition their participation in government on genuine national reconciliation.

    Aug 1, 2013 | U.S. News & World Report

  • Egyptian police stand talking to each other, the visors on their riot helmets raised.

    Halting Aid to Egypt Over Military 'Coup' Would Hurt US Interests

    Critics advocate for acknowledging that what occurred in Egypt is a coup and shutting off the more than $1.5 billion that Egypt receives annually from the US government. But this position fails to appreciate the limits of the leverage Washington derives from its aid to Cairo and the potential consequences of halting it.

    Jul 11, 2013 | Christian Science Monitor

  • Crowd going to Tahrir square to join the June 30 protests against the Muslim brotherhood and President Morsi

    The Egyptian Military's Playbook

    The Egyptian military, still bruised from its last stint in power, is likely to proceed with caution this time around. If it does intervene, it will likely seek some acquiescence from the Islamists and will want to quickly form an inclusive caretaker government.

    Jul 2, 2013 | ForeignAffairs.com

  • Egyptians protesting in Tahrir Square in March 2013

    Egypt's Self-Fulfilling Prophesy

    Rebel, or Tamarud, is a petition drive aimed at ousting President Morsi by collecting more signatures calling for his resignation than the number of votes he received in the 2012 elections. On June 30, the organizers will take to the streets in a rally that is likely to touch off clashes with security forces and Morsi's supporters.

    Jun 28, 2013 | The RAND Blog and GlobalSecurity.org

  • mapping-egyptian-politics-short

    In Brief: Jeffrey Martini on Mapping Egyptian Politics

    In this video, RAND Middle East analyst Jeffrey Martini discusses what past electoral performance and the current political context say about the Islamists' strength in Egypt and what it means for the United States.

    Apr 8, 2013

  • Egyptians protest against the draft constitution and the constitutional decree announced by President Mohamed Morsi

    Political Impasse in Egypt

    If there ever was a honeymoon in Egypt's post-Mubarak politics, it is long over. The two main ideological camps—Islamists and secular-liberals—have shown a willingness to cooperate only when brought together by a common foe, writes Jeffrey Martini.

    Dec 13, 2012 | RAND.org and GlobalSecurity.org

  • democratization-arab-world-2012

    In Brief: Laurel E. Miller and Jeffrey Martini on Democratization in the Arab World

    In this two-minute video blog, RAND's Laurel Miller and Jeffery Martini discuss the challenges ahead for democracy after the Arab Spring as the countries in the Arab world rebuild, work to find a balance between civilian and military authorities, and include Islamist voices in the democratic process.

    Nov 13, 2012

  • democratization-arab-world-2012
  • Morsi's presidential campaign poster

    Muslim Brotherhood Failing to Learn from Mistakes

    The Muslim Brotherhood is falling into the same trap of overreach exhibited by the Egyptian military when the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) held the reins of authority during the first 16 months of the transition, writes Jeffrey Martini.

    Oct 18, 2012 | RAND.org and GlobalSecurity.org

  • Headscarves on Egyptian Newscasts Are a Victory for Tolerance

    why lifting the Egyptian ban on headscarves on TV newscasts is a positive development

    Sep 6, 2012

  • Celebrating that Mohamed Morsi has won the presidential elections - or/and that Shafik has lost

    How Does Arab Spring Compare to Third Wave Transitions?

    The changes underway in the Arab world may lead to various possible destinations that differ both from their points of departure and from liberal democracy, write Laurel Miller and Jeffrey Martini.

    Aug 17, 2012 | Democracy Digest

  • Egypt's New President Has the Mandate—What about the Power?

    Mohamed Morsi's victory is a huge step in Egypt's political development, but his authorities were recently curtailed by the military and it is unclear how much power he will actually wield, writes Jeffrey Martini.

    Jun 25, 2012 | RAND.org

  • The Egyptian Military Wins Again

    The Muslim Brotherhood now faces a choice. It can seat Mursi and continue to legitimate a post-Mubarak transition that seems designed to advance the narrow interests of Egypt's officer corps. Or it can return to the streets with the aim of unseating the military council, writes Jeff Martini.

    Jun 22, 2012 | ForeignAffairs.com

  • 20120515-egypt

    What's Next? Egyptian Elections

    RAND expert Jeffrey Martini speaks on the upcoming Egyptian presidential election and offers insights on the various presidential candidates, Egyptian and global reactions to the candidates, and the possible implications of an undefined constitution for the candidate that will be elected.

    May 17, 2012

  • Cairo's Candidate Shuffle

    Just as before the disqualifications, the fundamental decision voters face is about the scope and nature of the change Egypt will undergo in the coming years. And there are still candidates representing almost every position on that spectrum, writes Jeffrey Martini.

    Apr 19, 2012 | ForeignAffairs.com

Publications