Michael J. McNerney is an associate director of the International Security and Defense Policy Center and a senior defense research analyst at the RAND Corporation. His research focuses on defense strategy and planning, civil–military coordination, and international relations. Until April 2011, he was principal director for plans in the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy. He and his staff supported the Secretary of Defense in providing strategic guidance on U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) and interagency plans, planning assessments, force management, and overseas basing. McNerney was a civil servant in the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) for 17 years and a member of the Senior Executive Service. His earlier assignments in the Office of the Secretary of Defense included policy support for security cooperation programs worldwide, U.S. military operations in Afghanistan, humanitarian assistance and disaster response, international environmental issues, nuclear arms control, and defense budgeting. He spent the 2004/5 academic year on the faculty of the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies. Prior to working in OSD, McNerney worked at Los Alamos National Laboratory. He has written or coauthored book chapters on civil–military operations in Afghanistan, military involvement in humanitarian activities, and conventional arms control, and an article in Parameters on provincial reconstruction teams in Afghanistan. McNerney received his M.A. in international relations from the University of Maryland.