This report characterizes the factors that affect wireless emergency alert (WEA) coverage, identifies barriers to public access to WEA alerts, and suggests options for increasing mobile penetration (adoption) of WEA nationwide.
Feb 12, 2014
This study uses behavioral experiments and structured decision-maker interviews to evaluate the results of scenario discovery, a quantitative method that defines scenarios as sets of future states of the world in which proposed policies fail to meet their goals.
Jan 1, 2014
The Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center Care Coordination Program: Assessment of Program Structure, Activities, and Implementation
This report documents RAND's assessment of a program designed to facilitate care coordination for service members and veterans recovering from traumatic brain injuries.
Aug 26, 2013
Influenza vaccination decisions may be influenced by perceived risk reduction related to herd immunity.
Jul 1, 2013
Identifying the Effects of Unjustified Confidence Versus Overconfidence: Lessons Learned from Two Analytic Methods
This paper contrasts two approaches toward answering whether misplaced confidence is good or bad, which we have labeled the overconfidence and unjustified confidence approach.
Jan 1, 2013
In a study on 568 adults between 25 and 80 years of age, hypotheses were tested on the specific relationships between individual differences in working memory, episodic memory, and semantic memory, and 6 main components of decision-making competence.
Jan 1, 2013
Results of Medical Countermeasure Drills Among 72 Cities Readiness Initiative Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 2008-2009
The report describes the results of the first year of pilot data for medical countermeasure drills conducted by 72 metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs).
Dec 1, 2012
Financial decisions about investing and saving for retirement are increasingly complex, requiring financial knowledge and confidence in that knowledge.
Oct 1, 2012
Integrating decision training enhanced academic performance and improved an important, general life skill associated with improved life outcomes.
Sep 1, 2012
Trends in Risk Perceptions and Vaccination Intentions: A Longitudinal Study of the First Year of the H1N1 Pandemic
We sought to evaluate longitudinal trends in people's risk perceptions and vaccination intentions during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic.
Apr 1, 2012
Examines (1) the status of communities' capability to deliver medical countermeasures within 48 hours of a federal decision to deploy assets and (2) whether the Cities Readiness Initiative has improved communities' capability to meet that goal.
Mar 27, 2012
Assessing Relationships Between State and Local Public Health Organizations: Evidence from the NACCHO 2008 Profile of Local Health Departments
The authors analyze data from the 2008 National Association of City and County Health Officials Profile of Local Health Departments survey, and propose an improved composite measure of centralization that can be computed for all local health departments within a state, as opposed to a single state respondent, as done in 1998.
Mar 1, 2012
Many programs are available to increase psychological resilience among service members and families, but little is known about their effectiveness. This report reviews existing programs to identify evidence-informed factors for promoting resilience.
Jun 27, 2011
We examined the effect of allowing participants to give more precise responses in the 0-1% range on the validity of reported probability judgments. Participants assessed probabilities for getting H1N1 influenza and dying from it conditional on infection, using a 0-100% visual linear scale.
Apr 1, 2011
The CDC recommends annual influenza vaccination for all people aged 6 months and older unless contraindicated, but most US adults don't know that the vaccination recommendation is universal.
Jan 1, 2011
This article reviews the research literature on group-level phenomena that are most relevant to the work of intelligence analysts.
Jan 1, 2011
Identifying the Effects of Unjustified Confidence versus Overconfidence: Lessons Learned from Two Analytic Methods
Examines the implications of two common measures - labeled overconfidence and unjustified confidence - showing how and where they can lead to different conclusions when used for prediction.
Feb 17, 2010
Although adolescents' expectations are accurate or moderately optimistic for many significant life events, they greatly overestimate their chances of dying soon.
Jan 1, 2010
Although not all decision-making tasks showed age-related declines in performance, older adults perceived themselves as worse decision makers.
Jan 1, 2010
This article describes an evaluation of the Cities Readiness Initiative, a federal program to improve communities' ability to dispense medications rapidly during emergencies.
Jan 1, 2010
Provides a review of theoretical and operational approaches to financial literacy, as well as a conceptual model and composite definition of financial literacy.
Nov 2, 2009
Decision-Making Modules for the RSS-POD Supply Management Game: A Game-Based Assessment of Crisis Decision Making During Inventory Management and Distribution of Medical Countermeasures
Introduces and explains two new modules for the RSS-POD Supply Chain Management Game, an Excel-based computer simulation game designed to provide practice in managing inventories of medical countermeasures during a largescale public health emergency.
Oct 11, 2009
Presents assessments that test five critical elements of state and local health departments' capability to deliver countermeasures to the population under rapid timeframes.
Sep 3, 2009
Describes a tool for assessing key features of good crisis decision making that focuses on the processes of decision making -- situational awareness, action planning, and process control -- and can be used for exploratory analysis and process improvement.
Aug 17, 2009
Contains a template that public health agencies can use to conduct a workshop to improve key aspects of Strategic National Stockpile planning: pediatric dispensing, altered standards of care, and allocation of scarce resources.
Aug 4, 2009
Applies behavioral decision theory to develop hypotheses about how users choose passwords, and uses those hypotheses to suggest novel ways to help users choose passwords that are both memorable and secure.
Jun 26, 2009
The Group Matters: A Review of the Effects of Group Interaction on Processes and Outcomes in Analytic Teams
Explores the implications of using groups to perform intelligence analysis.
Jun 5, 2009
Are Communities Ready to Conduct Rapid and Large-Scale Dispensing of Medications During a Public Health Emergency?
This research highlight summarizes the findings of RAND's initial evaluation of the Cities Readiness Initiative and the program's impact on communities' readiness to conduct mass dispensing of medications and other medical supplies.
Apr 1, 2009
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention asked RAND to provide an initial evaluation of the impact of the Cities Readiness Initiative on awardees' readiness and capability to conduct mass countermeasure dispensing.
Jan 30, 2009
Analysis of Risk Communication Strategies and Approaches with At-Risk Populations to Enhance Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Recovery: Final Report
Analyzes risk communications and public health messaging strategies and approaches with at-risk populations to enhance emergency preparedness, response, and recovery.
Jan 9, 2009
Does Receipt of Seasonal Influenza Vaccine Predict Intention to Receive Novel H1N1 Vaccine: Evidence from a Nationally Representative Survey of U.S. Adults
The authors analyze data on the intention of U.S. adults to receive novel H1N1 vaccine if available this fall, and studies the relationship between the intention to be vaccinated against novel H1N1 and the uptake of seasonal influenza vaccine last year.
Jan 1, 2009
Enhancing Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Recovery Management for Vulnerable Populations: Task 4: Compendium of Risk Communications
To assist planning and response efforts for vulnerable populations, the authors created a compendium of communication, outreach, and education materials related to emergency preparedness, response, and recovery for those populations.
Jul 8, 2008
Enhancing Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Recovery Management for Vulnerable Populations: Task 3: Literature Review
Reports on a literature review concerning promising risk communication approaches and messaging strategies to address the communication limitations or barriers facing vulnerable populations before, during, and after a public health emergency.
Jul 7, 2008
Reviews the available (as of June 2007) information resources for military personnel and their families on post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and traumatic brain injury and describes the creation of new educational booklets on these topics.
Jun 9, 2008
The authors examine whether adolescents' probability judgments for significant life events are predictive and accurate.
Jan 1, 2007
A-DMC appears to be a distinct construct relevant to adults' real-world decisions.
Jan 1, 2007
The authors previous research suggests that people reporting a stronger desire to maximize obtain worse life outcomes.
Jan 1, 2007
The Effects of Price Discount and Product Complementarity on Consumer Evaluations of Bundle Components
Existing research in bundling has primarily focused on consumer evaluations of a bundle as a whole.
Jan 1, 2007