The long-term effects of reform are important to consider because adherence to duty hour restrictions was limited in the first few years after the transition, and oversight of residents since the transition may have changed.
Jul 1, 2014
Early HIV Treatment Led to Life Expectancy Gains Valued at $80 Billion for People Infected in 1996-2009
We analyzed the life expectancy gains of people infected with HIV between the introduction of cART in 1996 and the 2009 guideline revisions.
Mar 1, 2014
HIV Care Providers Emphasize the Importance of the Ryan White Program for Access to and Quality of Care
We surveyed HIV care providers to understand the role of the Ryan White Program and to identify concerns regarding the ACA implementation.
Mar 1, 2014
Nearly 60,000 Uninsured and Low-Income People with HIV/AIDS Live in States That Are Not Expanding Medicaid
Health insurance gives people living with HIV/AIDS access to medical care, including antiretroviral therapy, which in turn can dramatically improve health and reduce the risk of HIV transmission.
Mar 1, 2014
Mortality Among High-Risk Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction Admitted to U.S. Teaching-Intensive Hospitals in July: A Retrospective Observational Study
High-risk acute myocardial infarction patients experience similar mortality in teaching- and non–teaching-intensive hospitals in July, but lower mortality in teaching-intensive hospitals in May.
Dec 1, 2013
Greater hospital spending is associated with lower risk-adjusted inpatient mortality for major medical conditions in the United States.
Feb 1, 2013
Payment reform affects market entry and exit, which in turn may affect market structure, access to care, quality and cost of care, and patient outcomes.
Jan 1, 2013
How Cancer Patients Value Hope and the Implications for Cost-Effectiveness Assessments of High-Cost Cancer Therapies
Assessments of the medical and economic value of therapies in diseases such as cancer traditionally focus on average or median gains in patients' survival.
Apr 1, 2012
Survey Results Show That Adults Are Willing to Pay Higher Insurance Premiums for Generous Coverage of Specialty Drugs
This study estimated how healthy people value insurance coverage of specialty drugs, defined as high-cost drugs that treat cancer and other serious health conditions like multiple sclerosis, by quantifying willingness to pay via a survey.
Apr 1, 2012
Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Hospital Care Resulting from Air Pollution in Excess of Federal Standards
This study investigates racial and ethnic disparities in hospital admission and emergency room visit rates resulting from exposure to ozone and fine particulate matter levels in excess of federal standards ("excess attributable risk").
Sep 30, 2011
Discusses the potential usefulness and limitations of using utilization and cost metrics to evaluate the performance of U.S. Department of Defense military treatment facilities.
Sep 21, 2011
High Medicare spending is not associated with better health outcomes at a regional level, but patients admitted to California hospitals from 1999 to 2008 had lower inpatient mortality in those hospitals that spent more on end of life care.
Jan 31, 2011
The Benefits from Giving Makers of Conventional 'Small Molecule' Drugs Longer Exclusivity Over Clinical Trial Data
We examine the long-term effect of extending the data exclusivity period for conventional small-molecule drugs to twelve years.
Jan 1, 2011
Examines how California's failure to meet federal air quality standards has affected hospitalizations and insurers' costs.
Feb 15, 2010
Assesses the effect of air pollution on medical spending: The authors determined how much failing to meet air quality standards cost various purchasers of hospital care in California over 2005-2007.
Jan 15, 2010
Examines how California's ambulatory surgical centers (ASCs) compare with hospital outpatient surgery departments and how the state compares with other states in regulating ASCs.
Oct 1, 2009
Examines ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs) in California and compares California's regulation of ASCs with that in other states.
Sep 28, 2009
Review and characterize existing health care efficiency measures in order to facilitate a common understanding about the adequacy of these methods.
May 31, 2009
There are important differences in perspective about the meaning of efficiency in health care and the appropriateness of measures.
Dec 31, 2008
The authors assess the impact of liability on various small-business firms, using caps on non-economic damages as a measure of liability pressure, comparing the number of small businesses before and after supreme court decisions to strike down caps.
Jun 27, 2008
Recognizing the importance of improving efficiency measurement of health care quality, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality has sponsored this systematic review and analysis of available measures.
Mar 31, 2008
Pharmaceutical regulations in 19 developed countries from 1992 to 2004 are analyzed for their affect on pharmaceutical revenues. There has been a trend toward increased regulation, and most regulations reduce pharmaceutical revenues significantly.
Dec 31, 2007
The authors inferred quality at hospitals in greater Los Angeles from the revealed preference of pneumonia patients. The authors then decompose the joint contribution of quality and unobserved productivity to hospital costs, relying on heterogeneous tastes among patients for plausibly exogenous quality variation. They found that more productive hospitals provide higher quality, demonstrating that the cost of quality improvement is substantially understated by methods that do not take into account productivity differences.
Dec 31, 2007
Examines how the availability of organizing as Limited Liability Partnerships and Limited Liability Companies affected law firms during the period 1993-1999.
Sep 17, 2007
Alcohol and Environmental Justice: The Density of Liquor Stores and Bars in Urban Neighborhoods in the United States
Characterizes the density of liquor stores and bars that individuals face according to race, economic status, and age in the urban United States and finds mismatches between alcohol demand and the supply of liquor stores.
Dec 31, 2006
The military must attract, retain, and promote high-quality personnel. This monograph examines its ability to meet these goals. Using the quality index, we find that those who stay until midcareer and are promoted are significantly higher quality.
Oct 18, 2005
Professional service providers who wish to organize as multi-person firms have historically been limited to the partnership form. Such organizational forms trade the benefit of risk diversification off against the costs of diluted incentives and liab...
Oct 13, 2005