William G. Shadel

Photo of William Shadel
Associate Director, Population Health Program; Senior Behavioral Scientist
Pittsburgh Office

Education

Ph.D. in clinical health psychology and social-personality psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago; M.A. in clinical health psychology and social-personality psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago; B.A. in psychology, Temple University

Media Resources

This researcher is available for interviews.

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Overview

William G. Shadel is a senior behavioral scientist and associate director of the Population Health Program at the RAND Corporation. He also holds adjunct faculty appointments in the Departments of Psychology and Psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh and is a member of the Biobehavioral Medicine Program at the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Center. Before joining RAND in 2005, he was a faculty member at both Brown University and the University of Pittsburgh.

Shadel's research ranges from basic human laboratory work designed to understand the biopsychosocial mechanisms that contribute to smoking initiation and cessation to evaluating cognitive-behavioral and pharmacological smoking cessation interventions in the clinic and public health settings. He has published more than 85 peer-reviewed papers and book chapters since 1993 and has been continuously funded as a principal investigator by the National Cancer Institute and National Institute on Drug Abuse since 1999. Shadel's current grants examine how tobacco advertising contributes to adolescent smoking behavior and investigate the psychosocial mechanisms that underlie relapse in adult smokers. He has been or is currently on the editorial board of several journals, was associate editor of the American Psychological Association journal, Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, from 2005 to 2007, and has served as a regular and ad hoc member of several grant review panels at the National Institutes of Health since 1999.

Shadel received his Ph.D. in clinical health psychology and social/personality psychology from the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Concurrent Non-RAND Positions

Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh; Member, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Center

Recent Projects

  • Reducing the effect of tobacco powerwall displays at retail point-of-sale
  • Evaluating the causal pathways from lapse to relapse in smokers

Selected Publications

Shadel, W.G., Martino, S.C., Setodji, C., & Scharf, D., "Exposure to pro-smoking media in college students: Does type of media channel differentially contribute to smoking risk?" Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 45:387-392, 2013

Shadel, W.G., Martino, S.C., Setodji, C., & Scharf, D., "Momentary effects of exposure to pro-smoking media on college students' future smoking risk," Health Psychology, 31:460-466, 2012

Shadel, W.G., Martino, S.C., Setodji, C., Haviland, A., Primack, B. & Scharf, D., "Motives for smoking in movies affect future smoking intentions in middle school students: An experimental investigation," Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 123:66-71, 2012

Shadel, W.G., & Scharf, D. "Interactions and the addictions," in H.J. Shaffer, D.A. LaPlante, & S.E. Nelson, The Addiction syndrome handbook, American Psychological Association, 2012

Shadel, W.G., Martino, S., Setodji, C., Cervone, D., Witkiewitz, K., Beckjord, E.B., Scharf, D., & Shih, R., "Lapse-induced surges in craving influence relapse in adult smokers: An experimental investigation," Health Psychology, 30:588-596, 2011

Honors & Awards

  • Fellow, Association for Psychological Science

Commentary

  • Fotolia_52919830_Subscription_Monthly_XL

    Where There's Vapor, Is There Fire? We Need Evidence on E-Cigarettes

    Currently, evidence for the safety, harmfulness, utility, and addictiveness of e-cigarettes is lacking. The questions that research needs to answer, however, are clear as day—particularly since business is booming.

    Mar 4, 2014 | The Health Care Blog

  • Fotolia_55178104_Subscription_Monthly_XL

    Big Tobacco vs. Tobacco Regulation and Control: An Even Match?

    Anti-tobacco policies that have clear scientific support will strengthen the FDA's regulatory position. While the evidence base is solid in this area, it needs to be much stronger and broader if the TCA is going to have any lasting success against the industry.

    Aug 26, 2013 | The RAND Blog

Publications