Neighbourhood Racial/Ethnic Composition and Segregation and Trajectories of Cognitive Decline Among U.S. Older Adults
This study demonstrates disparities in the progression of cognitive ageing according to racial/ethnic characteristics of the neighbourhood environment.
Jun 3, 2015
Engagement in HIV Prevention Advocacy Associated with Increased Consistent Condom Use Among HIV Clients in Uganda
We examined whether engagement in prevention advocacy among HIV clients is associated with their own condom use and HIV care adherence.
Dec 23, 2014
This report assesses the U.S. military's approach to reducing stigma for mental health disorders and their treatment, how well it is working, and how it might be improved. It presents priorities for getting service members the treatment they need.
Sep 30, 2014
Estimating the Causal Effects of Cumulative Treatment Episodes for Adolescents Using Marginal Structural Models and Inverse Probability of Treatment Weighting
Substance use treatment is rarely a one-time event for individuals with substance use disorders. Sustained reductions in substance use and its related symptoms may result from multiple treatment episodes.
Mar 1, 2014
Changes in Condom Use During the First Year of HIV Treatment in Uganda and the Relationship to Depression
We examined the effect of antiretroviral therapy (ART), and the predictive role of depression, on condom use with primary partners.
Jan 1, 2014
The primary goal of this analysis was to examine the influence of depression above and beyond the effects of HIV treatment on work activity and function.
Jan 1, 2014
Studies have reported relationships between urban sprawl, physical activity, and obesity, but – to date – no studies have considered the relationship between sprawl and coronary heart disease (CHD) endpoints.
Mar 1, 2013
The use of propensity scores to control for pretreatment imbalances on observed variables in non-randomized or observational studies examining the causal effects of treatments or interventions has become widespread over the past decade.
Jan 1, 2013
An Intervention to Improve Program Implementation: Findings from a Two -Year Cluster Randomized Trial of Assets-Getting to Outcomes
Studies have shown that communities have not always been able to implement evidence-based prevention programs with quality and achieve outcomes demonstrated by prevention science.
Jan 1, 2013
Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status and Coronary Heart Disease Risk Prediction in a Nationally Representative Sample
NSES is significantly associated with CHD risk, and the relationship varies by gender and race/ethnicity.
Oct 1, 2012
Development of Items to Assess Patients' Health Literacy Experiences at Hospitals for the Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS) Hospital Survey
This study provides support for the measurement properties of the HCAHPS Item Set for Addressing Health Literacy.
Sep 1, 2012
The Women's Health Initiative: The Food Environment, Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status, BMI, and Blood Pressure
Post menopausal women living in neighborhoods with higher socioeconomic status and more supermarkets have lower body mass and lower blood pressure.
Apr 1, 2012
Neighborhood socioeconomic status (NSES) is associated with cognitive functioning in older US women. Future research is needed on the longitudinal relationships between NSES, cognitive impairment, and cognitive decline.
Jan 1, 2011
Understanding Variations in Medicare Consumer Assessment of Health Care Providers and Systems Scores: California as an Example
The mix of fee-for-service and Medicare Advantage enrollees, demographic characteristics of populations, and plan-specific factors can all play a role in observed regional variations in CAHPS scores between California and the nation.
Jan 1, 2011
A growing literature on adolescent drug treatment interventions demonstrates the efficacy of research therapies, but few rigorous studies examine the effectiveness of community-based treatments that are more commonly available to and utilized by youths and their families, the criminal justice system and other referring agencies. This study evaluates the effects 72-102 months after intake to a widely disseminated community-based treatment model, residential therapeutic community treatment, using data from RAND's Adolescent Outcomes Project.
Feb 1, 2010
This randomized, controlled field trial estimated the causal impact of a technology-based geometry curriculum on students' geometry achievement, as well as their attitudes toward mathematics and technology.
Jan 1, 2010
This research brief summarizes RAND's evaluation of the Math Science Partnership of Southwest Pennsylvania's progress toward increasing student achievement, increasing the quality of the educator workforce, and creating sustainable partnerships.
Apr 8, 2009
This monograph examines the Math Science Partnership of Southwest Pennsylvania's progress toward its goals of increasing student math and science achievement, increasing the quality of the educator workforce, and creating sustainable partnerships.
Mar 20, 2009