This report presents the framework of an analytic tool that can help the military predict future trends in PDM based on current demographics of active-duty service members and rates of injury and prescribing of prescription drugs.
Jan 4, 2017
A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV Among Los Angeles County Men Who Have Sex with Men
Some strategies for treating high-risk individuals before HIV infection can be cost effective while helping to reduce incidence of the disease.
Nov 29, 2016
Improving Decision Support for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control: Aligning Models and Other Tools with Policymakers' Needs
This report provides an overview of decision-support tools, including models and nonmodeling approaches, for policymakers and modelers and provides recommendations for using the tools to inform real-world infectious disease-related policy questions.
Jul 12, 2016
This brief assesses the military's approach to reducing stigma for mental health disorders.
Jan 18, 2016
This paper introduces a new agent-based, game theoretic model designed to compare how near-term choices regarding alternative policy architectures influence long-term emission reduction trajectories.
Nov 23, 2015
Benefits of PrEP as an Adjunctive Method of HIV Prevention During Attempted Conception Between HIV-uninfected Women and HIV-infected Male Partners
Data on effectiveness of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–uninfected women attempting conception with HIV-infected male partners are limited to observational studies.
Jul 8, 2015
The independent Review on AMR led by the economist Jim O'Neill commissioned RAND Europe to conduct a study estimating the global costs of antimicrobial resistance until 2050 in the absence of any progress in tackling the challenge.
Dec 10, 2014
This report assesses the U.S. military's approach to reducing stigma for mental health disorders and their treatment, how well it is working, and how it might be improved. It presents priorities for getting service members the treatment they need.
Sep 30, 2014
An Evolutionary Model of Industry Transformation and the Political Sustainability of Emission Control Policies
To compare the long-term sustainability of alternative carbon emission reduction policies, an agent-based simulation explores the co-evolution of an industry sector, its technology base, and political coalitions that influence government policy.
Sep 6, 2013
Influenza vaccination decisions may be influenced by perceived risk reduction related to herd immunity.
Jul 1, 2013
Test-and-treat in Los Angeles: A Mathematical Model of the Effects of Test-And-Treat for the Population of Men Who Have Sex with Men in Los Angeles County
There is evidence to suggest that antiretroviral therapy (ART) and testing for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) reduce the probability of transmission of HIV.
Jun 1, 2013
Self-insurance rates will increase among small firms only under the hypothetical situation that generous stop-loss policies are available to them after implementation of the ACA. Even if many small firms choose to self insure under this situation, it will not increase the premiums charged in the insurance exchanges by more than a few tenths of a percent.
The authors show that individual immunization choices can cause severe influenza epidemics and illustrate the actions that might be undertaken to prevent them.
An analysis of two rules that allow small businesses to avoid participating in health reform concludes they will have only a minor impact because relatively few businesses are likely to take advantage of the options.
Employer Self-Insurance Decisions and the Implications of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act as Modified by the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 (ACA)
Implications of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (as Modified by the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act) for small firms' decisions to offer self-insured health plans and consequences of self-insurance for enrollees.
May 25, 2011
Universal vaccines that provide short-term protection are likely to result in small frequent epidemics, whereas universal vaccines that provide long-term protection are likely to result in severe infrequent epidemics.
To enhance the assessment of proposals to reform U.S. health policy, RAND researchers created the COMPARE microsimulation model, which develops a synthetic U.S. population and projects how it would respond to a variety of coverage-oriented options.
Dec 30, 2009