May 31 2013
“The child shall enjoy special protection, and shall be given opportunities and facilities, by law and by other means, to enable him to develop physically, mentally, morally, spiritually and socially in a healthy and normal manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity” (Principle 2, Declaration of the Rights of the Child 1959).
This declaration prompted the designation of an annual Children's Day, celebrated in many European countries on the first day of June. On this date, children typically receive presents from their parents and participate in various sport and cultural activities. However, the historic objective of Children's Day was not simply to celebrate children for who they are, but to bring attention to children around the world who suffer from exploitation, violence and discrimination. Raising awareness and strengthening children's rights have long been objectives for many international and national organizations.