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This monthly bulletin summarizes national security documents published by the RAND Corporation in the last month. Click on any link to view the full text of the study.

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November 2005


Contents:

New Releases

  1. Reports
  2. Technical Reports
  3. Occasional Papers
  4. Working Papers
  5. Commentary

About RAND

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A. NEW RELEASES

1. Reports

NETWORK-CENTRIC OPERATIONS CASE STUDY: THE STRYKER BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM
Authors: Daniel Gonzales, Michael Johnson, Jimmie McEver, Dennis Leedom, Gina Kingston, and Michael Tseng

The authors of this report seek to understand how network-centric operations (NCO) capabilities are a source of combat power for the Army’s Stryker brigade and determine how well the tenets of NCO are realized by the unit. They compared the performance of a Stryker brigade with that of a light infantry brigade in exercises and found that the new unit’s NCO capabilities vastly improved performance. They determined that NCO capabilities made the unit a more effective combat force. They conclude by discussing the implications of the NCO capabilities for future Army forces.
Read the Report: http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG267-1/


PLACING A VALUE ON THE HEALTH CARE BENEFIT FOR ACTIVE-DUTY PERSONNEL
Authors: James Hosek, Michael Mattock, Michael Schoenbaum, and Elizabeth Eiseman

Using conservative estimates, the authors find that the value of military health care benefits can be quite considerable. Benefits range from hundreds of dollars per year for healthy single members, who use little health care but would face health insurance premiums in the civilian sector that they do not face in the military, to thousands of dollars for military families.
Read the Report: http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG385/


AN ANALYSIS OF MILITARY DISABILITY COMPENSATION
Authors: Richard Buddin and Kanika Kapur

The authors of this report review the goals and effectiveness of current policies for compensating veterans with military-related disabilities. It identifies trends in veterans’ disabilities, compares the military disability system with that used by civilian firms, and describes the effect of military disability on civilian labor market outcomes.
Read the Report: http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG369/


2. Technical Reports

HIGH-ALTITUDE AIRSHIPS FOR THE FUTURE FORCE ARMY
Authors: Lewis Jamison, Geoffrey Sommer, and Isaac Porche III

Across the services, there is an increasing demand for overhead communications capacity. New, lighter-than-air (LTA) vehicles that operate at very high altitudes have an obvious attraction; the ability to see to a more distant horizon results in greatly expanded surveillance volumes. This report informs the U.S. Army about the usefulness and limitations of high-altitude airships (HAA) in the role of platforms for communications and surveillance suites in theater battlespace.
Read the Technical Report: http://www.rand.org/pubs/technical_reports/TR234/


A PORTFOLIO-ANALYSIS TOOL FOR MISSILE DEFENSE (PAT-MD): METHODOLOGY AND USER'S MANUAL
Authors: Paul Dreyer and Paul Davis

This report describes the methodology and serves as a user’s guide for RAND’s Portfolio-Analysis Tool for Missile Defense (PAT-MD), developed to facilitate high-level discussion of program tradeoffs and adjustments in the Missile Defense Agency (MDA). PAT-MD provides five scoring and aggregation methods for obtaining summary portfolio-style characterizations of alternative investment options. It also enables “zooming” to higher levels of detail to understand the basis of characterizations and how they would change if assumptions or priorities were altered.
Read the Technical Report: http://www.rand.org/pubs/technical_reports/TR262/


MEDICAL RISK IN THE FUTURE FORCE UNIT OF ACTION: RESULTS OF THE ARMY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT TRANSFORMATION WORKSHOP IV
Authors: David Johnson and Gary Cecchine

This report documents the Army Medical Department’s (AMEDD’s) process of identifying and addressing medical issues related to the Army’s transformation to the Future Force. It describes the AMEDD Transformation Workshop IV, conducted at the RAND Corporation’s Washington office in February 2004, and it includes an analysis and discussion of the workshop results.
Read the Technical Report: http://www.rand.org/pubs/technical_reports/TR253/


3. Occasional Papers

THE NEXT STEPS IN RESHAPING INTELLIGENCE
Author: Gregory Treverton

Two national commissions’ findings helped to lay the groundwork for the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-458). This paper looks at the future organizational and cultural changes that need to take place in the Intelligence Community, with particular attention paid to the new position of Director of National Intelligence.
Read the Occasional Paper: http://www.rand.org/pubs/occasional_papers/OP152/


4. Working Papers

THE SPILLOVER EFFECTS OF MILITARY COMMUNITIES ON THE NEED FOR HEALTH CARE SAFETY-NET SERVICES
Author: Brian Gifford

This paper argues that large communities of military dependents and retirees — combined with their exclusive access to free or low-cost Department of Defense health care and insurance — alter local socioeconomic and labor market characteristics in ways that contribute to the need for health care safety-net services. Multivariate regression analyses indicate that areas with relatively large military communities have higher civilian medical uninsurance rates and lower rates of employer-offered health benefits, both of which contribute to pressures on providers of care to needy populations. While uninsurance rates grew more slowly in areas with relative declines in military populations, net of overall population change, the presence or closure of military medical facilities was not a significant predictor of uninsurance rates or employer-offered benefits. These findings suggest that some of the larger systemic disadvantages of high uninsurance rates in some areas are attributable to political and strategic decisions about where military personnel serve and how they are compensated with health care benefits.
Read the Working Paper: http://www.rand.org/pubs/working_papers/WR299/


5. Commentary

The following is a list of national security related commentary pieces that RAND researchers have contributed to newspapers in the past month. To retrieve past commentary pieces, please visit RAND's Commentary page: http://www.rand.org/commentary/

PUTS & CALLS: CONCERNS OVER U.S.-CHINA TRADE DEFICIT ARE OVERBLOWN
Julia Lowell (Pittsburgh Post-Gazette)
http://www.rand.org/commentary/2005/10/30/PPG.html


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