Labor, Population and Demographics Issues

This page offers an easy way for policymakers to access labor, population and demographics research and analysis that is relevant to current Congressional agendas. For additional information, to request documents, or to arrange a briefing, contact the RAND Office of Congressional Relations at or (703) 413-1100 x5395.

Recent Findings

  • Report

    Millennials: Implications for the Intelligence Community

    Jul 18, 2016

    Millennials are now the largest generational segment of the U.S. population. How should the intelligence community adapt to interact with them as clients, employees, partners, and citizens?

  • Report

    Climate Change May Increase Future Exposure of U.S. Infrastructure to Natural Hazards

    Jul 12, 2016

    Exposure to natural hazards such as flooding, drought, and wildfires is projected to be larger and more uncertain in the future because of the effects of sea level rise and changes in temperature and precipitation patterns.

  • Commentary

    Pittsburgh Schools Are Making Progress

    Jul 11, 2016

    Pittsburgh Public Schools can reach new levels of excellence if its leadership boldly and wisely chooses initiatives that will serve all children and if it uses data to decide which initiatives should continue.

  • Commentary

    Obama Must Take a Strong Lead at the NATO Summit

    Jul 8, 2016

    To overcome differences within NATO and move forward in these troubled times, Obama should go beyond his usual low-key approach, while still working closely with allied leaders.

  • Commentary

    Revisiting Restrictions on Blood Donations from Gay and Bisexual Men

    Jul 5, 2016

    The FDA does not accept blood from male donors who have had sex with a man in the last 12 months. Is this restriction supported by scientific evidence? Or, is it related to lingering stigma and discrimination related to HIV/AIDS?

  • Research Brief

    The Implications of Allowing Transgender Personnel to Serve Openly

    Jun 30, 2016

    As the U.S. Department of Defense reviews potential changes to its policy on transgender service members, it will need to consider this population's unique health care needs, the potential costs associated with extending coverage for these needs, and the readiness implications of allowing transgender service members to serve openly.

  • Report

    How Might Allowing Transgender Personnel to Serve Openly Affect the U.S. Military?

    Jun 30, 2016

    The Department of Defense recently announced that it will allow transgender personnel to serve openly. The number of transgender members will likely be a small fraction of the total force and have minimal impact on readiness and health care costs.

  • Commentary

    Young Workers Without College Degrees Face Uncomfortable Truths

    Jun 23, 2016

    Young Americans without a college education suffer from high unemployment, low earnings, and delayed adulthood with a limited ability to buy a home. To help them, policymakers need to remind themselves that workforce training and labor policy must focus on the technology-driven jobs of tomorrow.

  • Commentary

    Integrating STEM Learning in Early Childhood Education

    Jun 19, 2016

    Children can understand concepts in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM), they enjoy exploring them, and early development of STEM skills seems to support learning later in life. But an effective teaching system is needed before STEM learning can be fully integrated into early childhood education.

  • Report

    Americans Are More Ideologically Similar Than Different

    Jun 19, 2016

    Despite the increasingly polarized tone of U.S. politics, most Americans answer similarly on most questions of political belief.

  • Report

    Improving Teaching Effectiveness

    Jun 6, 2016

    The Intensive Partnerships for Effective Teaching initiative seeks to determine whether a school can implement a high-quality measure of teaching effectiveness and use it to support and manage teachers in ways that improve student outcomes. The teacher reforms are showing signs of progress in seven sites.

  • Commentary

    Good (Fast) Food as a Vehicle for Social Change

    Jun 1, 2016

    Neighborhood by neighborhood, a few dozen jobs at a time, two celebrity chefs are tackling complex and persistent public policy problems. They could succeed in their own way in communities where generations of government programs and charity have had limited impact.

  • Commentary

    Making the 'Gap Year' More Inclusive and Purposeful

    May 19, 2016

    High schools and universities should work together, with the support of policymakers, to develop programs that would provide a wider spectrum of U.S. students with the opportunity to take a purposeful gap year—and enter college with some real-world adult experience behind them.

  • Report

    What Is the Private Sector's Role in Supporting Disaster Recovery?

    May 18, 2016

    The scope and scale of disasters are changing. This has altered how disaster management and financing are addressed. Businesses and nonprofits are increasingly central to the process, supporting immediate disaster response and contributing redevelopment funding that supports community recovery.

  • Journal Article

    First National Survey of Neighborhood Parks Shows Low Use by Adults, Seniors and Females

    May 18, 2016

    Although it is critically important for adults and seniors to engage in physical activity, most neighborhood parks have few programmed activities targeted to those groups. Adding enhancements such as walking loops could attract more visitors.