Labor, Population and Demographics Issues

This page offers an easy way for policymakers to access labor, population and demographics research and analysis that is relevant to current Congressional agendas. For additional information, to request documents, or to arrange a briefing, contact the RAND Office of Congressional Relations at ocr@rand.org or (703) 413-1100 x5395.

Recent Findings

  • Commentary

    Living Longer, Working Longer

    Aug 25, 2016

    When people live longer, the costs of Social Security and Medicare increase and threaten the sustainability of these programs. Households also worry about how to finance more retirement years. But people are working longer, and if they continue to do so, they will reduce some of the problems.

  • Commentary

    Getting Technical: Preparing High School Students for the Workforce America Needs

    Aug 25, 2016

    With expected growth in fields such as computers, engineering, and health care, employers and policymakers have a vested interest in ensuring access to high-quality career and technical education programs so that America's high school students are prepared to meet future employment needs.

  • Commentary

    Evolving 21st-Century Workplace and the American Workforce: Trends and Policy Responses

    Aug 23, 2016

    Three trends have important implications for the future of work: a shifting demography toward older workers, more women, and more diversity; continuing technological change that will increase the demand for skilled workers; and increased globalization.

  • Commentary

    Labor Day Blog Series: American Worker

    Aug 22, 2016

    To celebrate Labor Day, the American Worker series of commentaries offers research, reflections, and policy insights on a variety of topics that affect American workers.

  • Essay

    Personalized Learning: The Latest Buzz in Classroom Instruction

    Aug 22, 2016

    Students in personalized learning classrooms made greater gains in math and reading than their peers in other schools. But there are barriers to fully personalized learning, including rigid state standards and time demands on teachers.

  • Essay

    Transgender Troops: Fit to Serve

    Aug 18, 2016

    The Pentagon's decision to open the ranks to transgender service members was informed by months of RAND research into the costs and numbers involved.

  • Commentary

    The Economic Rationale for Investing in Family Planning in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Aug 3, 2016

    Proven benefits to reduced fertility — or to delayed start to childbearing and greater spacing between births — include lower maternal mortality, fewer unsafe abortions, reduced risks from early childbearing, and women's ability to engage in more income-generating opportunities.

  • Commentary

    The High Cost of Free College

    Aug 1, 2016

    Tuition subsidies may encourage institutions to raise tuition, since the government would foot the bill. One possible solution: develop and implement policies that encourage greater productivity from higher education institutions.

  • Report

    Millennials: Implications for the Intelligence Community

    Jul 18, 2016

    Millennials are now the largest generational segment of the U.S. population. How should the intelligence community adapt to interact with them as clients, employees, partners, and citizens?

  • Report

    Climate Change May Increase Future Exposure of U.S. Infrastructure to Natural Hazards

    Jul 12, 2016

    Exposure to natural hazards such as flooding, drought, and wildfires is projected to be larger and more uncertain in the future because of the effects of sea level rise and changes in temperature and precipitation patterns.

  • Commentary

    Pittsburgh Schools Are Making Progress

    Jul 11, 2016

    Pittsburgh Public Schools can reach new levels of excellence if its leadership boldly and wisely chooses initiatives that will serve all children and if it uses data to decide which initiatives should continue.

  • Commentary

    Obama Must Take a Strong Lead at the NATO Summit

    Jul 8, 2016

    To overcome differences within NATO and move forward in these troubled times, Obama should go beyond his usual low-key approach, while still working closely with allied leaders.

  • Commentary

    Revisiting Restrictions on Blood Donations from Gay and Bisexual Men

    Jul 5, 2016

    The FDA does not accept blood from male donors who have had sex with a man in the last 12 months. Is this restriction supported by scientific evidence? Or, is it related to lingering stigma and discrimination related to HIV/AIDS?

  • Research Brief

    The Implications of Allowing Transgender Personnel to Serve Openly

    Jun 30, 2016

    As the U.S. Department of Defense reviews potential changes to its policy on transgender service members, it will need to consider this population's unique health care needs, the potential costs associated with extending coverage for these needs, and the readiness implications of allowing transgender service members to serve openly.

  • Report

    How Might Allowing Transgender Personnel to Serve Openly Affect the U.S. Military?

    Jun 30, 2016

    The Department of Defense recently announced that it will allow transgender personnel to serve openly. The number of transgender members will likely be a small fraction of the total force and have minimal impact on readiness and health care costs.

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