Energy and Environment
Congressional Newsletter
Periodic updates to Congress on RAND's work in Energy and Environment

Researcher Spotlights

This issue of the Energy and Environment newsletter spotlights RAND expertise in these areas.

Debra KnopmanDebra Knopman
Vice President and Director, RAND Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment (ISE)
Senior Engineer

Dr. Knopman's research background is in hydrology, environmental and natural resources policy, systems analysis, and public administration. She is currently looking at how presentations of uncertainties about climate change may affect long-term water resources planning. From 1997 to 2003, she was a member of the Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board, which has oversight of the Yucca Mountain scientific and engineering program. She served as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Water and Science at the U.S. Department of the Interior, Chief of the Branch of Systems Analysis in the U.S. Geological Survey, professional staff member on the U.S. Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works, and legislative assistant for energy and environmental issues to Senator Daniel P. Moynihan.

Publications by Dr. Knopman »

Michael TomanMichael Toman
Director, Environment, Energy, and Economic Development, RAND ISE
Senior Economist

Dr. Toman's work as a researcher and research manager for over 25 years has involved him in studies of U.S. energy security, policy design for greenhouse gas mitigation, energy utilities regulation, and sustainable economic development. Prior to joining RAND, he worked at the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and Resources for the Future (RFF). At the IDB, he coordinated the bank's programs on sustainable energy and greenhouse gas mitigation in Latin America and the Caribbean. From 1994 to 1996, he served as Senior Staff Economist for the Council of Economic Advisers, Executive Office of the President, handling energy and environmental issues for the council. He is an adjunct faculty member at the Nitze School of International Studies, Johns Hopkins University.

Martin WachsMartin Wachs
Director, Transportation, Space, and Technology Program, RAND ISE
Senior Principal Researcher

Dr. Wachs has authored 160 articles and four books on subjects related to relationships between transportation, land use, and air quality; techniques for the evaluation of transportation systems; and the use of performance measurement in transportation planning. His most recent work focuses on transportation finance in relation to planning and policy. Until the end of 2005, he was Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Professor of City and Regional Planning at the University of California, Berkeley, where he also served a six-year term as Director of the Institute of Transportation Studies. Previously, he spent 25 years at the University of California, Los Angeles, where he served three terms as Chairman of the Department of Urban Planning. He has served on the executive committee of the Transportation Research Board for nine years and was the board's Chairman in 2000.

Publications by Dr. Wachs »

Jim BartisJames T. Bartis
Senior Policy Researcher

Dr. Bartis has more than 25 years of experience in policy analyses and technical assessments in energy and national security. His recent energy research topics include development prospects for coal-to-liquids and oil shale, energy and national security, Qatar's natural gas-to-diesel plants, Japan's energy policies, planning methods for long-range energy research and development, critical mining technologies, fuel cell development options, and national response options during international energy emergencies. From 1978 through 1982, he was a member of the U.S. Department of Energy, serving in the in the Office of Energy Research, the Office of Fossil Energy (Director, Office of Plans and Technology Assessment), and the Office of Policy and Evaluation (Director, Divisions of Fossil Energy and Environment). During the George H. W. Bush and Clinton administrations, he served on the Industry Sector Advisory Committee on Trade Policy Matters, Energy (U.S. Department of Commerce and U.S. Trade Representative).

Publications by Dr. Bartis »

Frank CammFrank Camm
Senior Economist

Dr. Camm has analyzed how tax, pricing, and regulatory policies affect decisions in the petroleum, electricity, and chemical industries relevant to public goals with respect to energy use and the environment. He has also led the final round of RAND's multiyear program of analysis on controlling chemicals that deplete stratospheric ozone. As part of a U.S. diplomatic team in 1986, Dr. Camm used RAND's studies to complete the analytic case that led to international approval in 1987 of the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer. More recently, he led a team that identified best practices in environmental management within complex global corporations, with implications for environmentally sensitive activities of the U.S. Department of Defense.

Publications by Dr. Camm »

Lloyd DixonLloyd Dixon
Senior Economist

Dr. Dixon has expertise in natural resource and environmental policy issues. He is currently leading a large study on the multispecies habitat conservation plan in Riverside County, California. The study is examining the costs of assembling and operating a large wildlife preserve, potential revenue sources, and the economic impact of the reserve on the Riverside County economy. Other work on environmental issues includes analysis of the costs, benefits, and economic impact of several California programs to reduce emissions from passenger vehicles and light-duty trucks. He has also completed a number of studies on the federal Superfund program, evaluating the number and types of parties involved at hazardous waste cleanup sites and the legal and other transaction costs generated by the program's liability-based approach.

Publications by Dr. Dixon »

Tom LaTourretteTom LaTourrette
Physical Scientist

Dr. LaTourrette's research focuses on energy and natural resources. This research includes evaluating prospects and policy issues for oil shale development, developing a new methodology for assessing natural gas and oil resources in the Rocky Mountain region that incorporates economic and environmental considerations, and conducting studies of mining technology, economics, and policy. His other research interests include natural hazards, emergency response, and science and technology research priorities.

Publications by Dr. LaTourrette »

Robert LempertRobert Lempert
Senior Physical Scientist

Dr. Lempert is an expert in science and technology policy with a special focus in climate change, energy, and the environment. An internationally known scholar in the field of decisionmaking under conditions of deep uncertainty, he is a fellow of the American Physical Society, a member of the National Academy of Science's Climate Research Committee, and a member of the National Academy's National Transportation Research Board's Committee on Climate Change and U.S. Transportation. He is leading a study on using scientific and other information for climate change decisionmaking under conditions of uncertainty and has led studies on climate change policy, long-term policy analysis, and science and technology investment strategies for clients such as the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, the U.S. Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, and a variety of multinational firms.

Publications by Dr. Lempert »

David OrtizDavid Ortiz

Dr. Ortiz specializes in evaluating energy technology and planning integrated infrastructure systems. He is currently working on a project that is characterizing options for alternative fuels for commercial aviation to minimize fuel-cycle carbon emissions. He also leads RAND's development of a risk-based planning framework for hurricane protection and coastal restoration in Louisiana.

Publications by Dr. Ortiz »

Henry WillisHenry Willis
Associate Policy Researcher

Dr. Willis specializes in risk analysis with a focus on applying decision analytic tools and risk assessment to systematically incorporate a problem's technical, economic, institutional, and social components into environmental policy decisionmaking. He has recently studied the costs and benefits of potential commercial applications of beryllium materials, developed a survey and focus-group process for incorporating public participation into comparative risk management, and reviewed existing risk assessment tools used to inform the development of an innovative risk assessment process for managing former Army lands containing unexploded ordnance. He also helped develop a risk-informed decision process for designing coastal restoration strategies in Louisiana. He has testified on applications of risk analysis before Congress, written numerous op-ed pieces, and published dozens of peer-reviewed papers, reports, and book chapters on applications of risk analysis in the areas of energy, the environment, and homeland security.

Publications by Dr. Willis »


Michael Rich
Executive Vice President

Shirley Ruhe
Director, Office of Congressional Relations

Kristy Anderson
Energy and Environment Legislative Analyst

RAND Office of Congressional Relations
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