Featured Research

  • Improving Interagency Information Sharing Using Technology Demonstrations

    Mar 20, 2014

    New and innovative intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance technologies developed by the U.S. Department of Defense for the military could also be used by the Department of Homeland Security and the Drug Enforcement Administration to help secure the southern U.S. border.

  • Assessing Security Cooperation as a Preventive Tool

    Mar 20, 2014

    Based on an analysis of security cooperation (SC) data and state fragility scores for 107 countries in 1991-2008, a correlation is described between provision of SC by the United States and a reduction in partner state fragility.

  • Improving Continuity of Care for Elderly Patients with Chronic Diseases Cuts Costs and Complications

    Mar 17, 2014

    Among a large group of Medicare patients, even modest improvements in the continuity of care for those with diabetes, congestive heart failure, or emphysema were associated with sizable reductions in use of hospital emergency departments and hospitalizations.

  • Libya Needs More International Support

    Mar 17, 2014

    The international community's limited approach to post-conflict stabilization of Libya has left the nation struggling and on the brink of civil war. The essential tasks of establishing security, building political and administrative institutions, and restarting the economy were left almost entirely up to Libya's new leaders. No international forces were deployed to keep the peace, in contrast with NATO interventions in Bosnia, Kosovo, and Afghanistan.

  • Democracy in Afghanistan: The 2014 Election and Beyond

    Mar 12, 2014

    Afghanistan's April 5th presidential election is the most important political event in the country's decade-long transition to democracy. A successful election would be a major blow to the Taliban and al Qaida, and would renew Afghan efforts to bring the war to a favorable conclusion. The international community should recognize that Afghanistan deserves support to get through the process.

  • Chinese Engagement in Africa Is a Two-Way Dynamic

    Mar 12, 2014

    Most analyses of Chinese engagement in Africa present China's quest for oil and other natural resources as a single-minded focus that dominates the nation's policy toward the continent. But Chinese-African relations have a give-and-take dynamic in which Africans have driven China to change its approach.

  • Structural Genomics Consortium Offers Knowledge Platform for Drug Discovery

    Mar 10, 2014

    An independent evaluation of the Structural Genomics Consortium (SGC) examined the strengths and weaknesses of its efforts to support drug discovery efforts through a unique, open access model of public-private collaboration.

  • What America's Users Spend on Illegal Drugs

    Mar 10, 2014

    Each year, drug users in the U.S. spend about $100 billion on cocaine, heroin, marijuana, and methamphetamine. This has been stable over the decade, but there have been important shifts. In 2000, users spent much more on cocaine than marijuana; in 2010, the opposite was true.

  • Expiration of Terrorism Risk Insurance Act Could Hurt National Security

    Mar 6, 2014

    The current terrorism risk insurance act will expire in 2014 and Congress again is considering the appropriate government role in terrorism insurance markets. If the act expires and the take-up rate for terrorism insurance falls, then the U.S. would be less resilient to future terrorist attacks.

  • Promise of Value-Based Purchasing in Health Care Remains to Be Demonstrated

    Mar 4, 2014

    After a decade of experimentation with reforms that give health providers financial incentives to improve performance, relatively little is known about how to best execute such strategies or judge their success.

  • Early Education Plays Role in Bridging the 'Digital Divide'

    Mar 3, 2014

    Technology literacy plays an important role in a child's ability to succeed in school and later life. Incorporating technology into early childhood education help close the “digital divide” that separates low-income students and their more-advantaged peers.

  • 'Small Footprint' Counterinsurgency Strategies Work Best with Narrow Range of Partners

    Feb 26, 2014

    Future U.S. efforts should focus on finding areas of agreement with partner nations and possibly convening networks of people in those nations who can implement changes and then providing the necessary resources and technical expertise.

  • The Monetary Costs of Dementia in the United States

    Feb 26, 2014

    The average annual market cost attributable to dementia is estimated to be $28,501: $13,900 for nursing-home care, $6,200 for out-of-pocket expenditure, and $5,700 for formal home care; Medicare spent $2,700 of the total.

  • Limited Quality Improvement and No Cost Containment Found in a Medical Home Demonstration

    Feb 25, 2014

    A three-year pilot of a “medical home” model of primary care yielded few improvements in the quality of care and no reductions in hospitalizations, emergency department visits, or total costs of care.

  • Tools Can Help Policymakers Increase Coastal Resilience to Rising Seas and Storm Surge

    Feb 21, 2014

    Two key analytic tools can be used to evaluate how coastal protection and restoration decisions made now will play out over time, even given an uncertain future. For example, a community weighing whether to implement a marsh-building project can see how the project fares against different rates of rising sea levels over time.

  • Prison-Based Education Declined During Economic Downturn

    Feb 18, 2014

    Large states cut spending on prison education programs by an average of 10 percent between the 2009 and 2012 fiscal years, while medium-sized states cut spending by 20 percent. While the drop appears to have resulted from budget cuts prompted by the economic downturn, evidence suggests that the curtailment of prison education could increase prison system costs in the longer term.

  • Regulating Quality and Safety of Health and Social Care

    Feb 13, 2014

    Many Western countries have health and social care standards but implement and apply these standards in different ways. Different regulatory mechanisms and policy instruments encourage and ensure continuous quality improvement.

  • Economic Burden of Childhood Autism Spectrum Disorders

    Feb 10, 2014

    Compared to their peers, children with autism spectrum disorders have higher annual costs for health care appointments and prescriptions ($3,000 on average) and non-health care costs ($17,000 on average), such as special education at school. Previous analyses underestimated this economic burden, particularly for school systems.

  • Development and Pilot Test of the RAND Suicide Prevention Program Evaluation Toolkit

    Feb 7, 2014

    The RAND Suicide Prevention Program Evaluation Toolkit draws from the scientific literature to guide evaluations of suicide prevention programs. This report is a companion to the toolkit and provides background on its development and testing.

  • RAND Suicide Prevention Program Evaluation Toolkit

    Feb 7, 2014

    The RAND Suicide Prevention Program Evaluation Toolkit translates scientific research on suicide prevention to help program staff assess whether their programs produce beneficial effects and identify needed improvements.