Security cooperation with allies and partner countries is an important instrument of the U.S. government for advancing national security objectives. This report characterizes security cooperation mechanisms for capacity-building, produces a detailed database of the mechanism elements, develops and applies a preliminary means of evaluating select mechanisms, and recommends ways to improve mechanism effectiveness and efficiency.
One challenge of the FY12 Air Force Material Command (AFMC) reorganization was to eliminate civilian manpower positions with minimal, if any, impact on its assigned missions. This report for Congress assesses five elements of this reorganization.
The growing role of jihadist elements, with their numbers increasing through the recruitment of foreign fighters and defections from other rebel groups, has divided the Syrian rebel movement and discouraged anti-Assad governments in the West from providing significant military support.
Spending declines at small rates at retirement, rates that could be explained by mechanisms such as the cessation of work-related expenses, unexpected retirement due to a health shock or by the substitution of time for spending.
To assess congestion charging policies where the charge varies according to the time of day, the Ørestad Transport Model (OTM) for the Greater Copenhagen area has been extended to predict the choice of time of travel for car drivers.
College students documented their exposure to pro-smoking media messages during their normal routine over a three-week period. After exposure to just one, their smoking intentions immediately increased by an average of 22 percent. Smoking intentions decreased with each passing day but remained elevated for seven days.
Although Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRCs) do not, by themselves, have the remit or resources to bring about wholesale service improvement in health care, they do have features that would allow them to play a key role in some of the wider initiatives that encourage innovation.
This paper presents a review of promising mileage-fee design and implementation strategies intended to reduce system costs and foster greater public acceptance.
In the Czech Republic, the former "nomenklatura cadres" are able to maintain their advantageous positions in the income hierarchy, mainly because they possess "human capital" and can effectively convert "social capital," accumulated during the communist regime, into economic capital.
It is important to assess economic preparation for retirement in a way that addresses many of the deficiencies of the income replacement rate concept.
A “blended” approach that combines traditional textbook learning and computer-based instruction could help improve performance among algebra students.
With more than 150 million Americans overweight or obese and an estimated 1.5 billion affected globally, obesity is the world's most pressing public health crisis. In A Big Fat Crisis
, RAND's Deborah Cohen unpacks the hidden causes of the obesity epidemic and outlines concrete strategies for defeating it once and for all.
As traditional transportation revenue sources primarily based on gas tax continue to dwindle or stay even at best, the notion of transitioning to a vehicle-miles-traveled fee or mileage-based user fee has come under substantial consideration. Some design strategies can reduce system costs and increase public acceptance of mileage-based fees.
States and school districts can help principals be more successful by matching the correct candidate with the appropriate school, by using a high-quality system to evaluate them, by giving them the right amount of autonomy, and by providing them with the resources and support they need to produce better education outcomes.
A binational effort at labor reform — including the establishment of a binational immigration agency and the passage of a bilateral social security agreement — would benefit both the United States and Mexico.
Rising economic inequality has significant implications on young men's timing of marriage. In particular, the pace of marriage formation depends on the difficulty of the male's career transition as well as on race and schooling.
There are two sides of the debate over whether or not state and local enforcement of federal immigration laws is effective and appropriate.
In response to a government directive to increase diversity across all federal agencies, the Department of Defense held a diversity summit for science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) careers. Coordinating efforts across the organization can help the department reach its STEM-diversity workforce goals.
Mexican migrants who have spent at least a year in the United States before returning home are less likely to have public health insurance or social security benefits, and could be more vulnerable to poverty in old age.
The threat of suicide bombings in the United States and elsewhere prompted the Department of Homeland Security to develop a method for predicting the determinants of suicide bombing attacks. This brief describes an assessment of how geospatial and sociocultural characteristics may help predict the timing and targets of terrorist attacks.