Featured Research

  • Measuring the Contribution of Public Parks to Physical Activity and Health

    Dec 2, 2014

    As important venues for physical activity, public parks contribute to the health and well-being of surrounding communities. The System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC), a reliable and easy-to-use tool, enables park administrators to quantify park use and park-based physical activity.

  • Health Information Exchanges Show Promise, but More Work Is Needed to Realize Greater Benefits

    Dec 1, 2014

    Health information exchanges show some evidence of reducing emergency department costs and usage, but since only a few have been evaluated, there is not enough evidence to say whether or not they are on track as a potential solution to the problem of fragmented health care delivery in the U.S.

  • What Does it Take to Transform An Urban School System?

    Nov 21, 2014

    Meeting proficiency standards, reducing the dropout rate, and preparing students to attend and succeed in college are common goals among school districts. The School Change Initiative and New Haven Promise Scholarship Program have generated promising outcomes for the New Haven Public School District, but opportunities to improve remain.

  • How Closely Is Childhood Obesity Associated with Adolescent Obesity?

    Nov 19, 2014

    What factors influence changes in body mass index (BMI) from childhood to adolescence? Understanding these can inform efforts to address the obesity epidemic.

  • Assessing the Value of Mounted Police Units in the UK

    Nov 19, 2014

    Research in the UK shows demonstrable and measurable value of mounted police in various deployment scenarios, but the decision to maintain, expand or cut mounted capacity must be based on the priorities a police force sets within limited and contracting budgets.

  • When Jihadis Come Marching Home

    Nov 18, 2014

    Although the numbers of Westerners slipping off to join the jihadist fronts in Syria and Iraq are murky, U.S. counterterrorism officials believe that those fighters pose a clear and present danger to American security.

  • Measuring and Retaining the U.S. Army's Deployment Experience

    Nov 18, 2014

    The Army has contributed the bulk of deployed U.S. troops since 9/11, and has accrued substantial deployment experience. How can the U.S. prevent experience from being lost as combat operations conclude, soldiers separate from service, and Regular Army endstrength is reduced?

  • Improving Family Engagement in Early Childhood Education Through Technology

    Nov 17, 2014

    Technology may afford new opportunities to improve early childhood education outcomes by empowering families to become better educators at home, and strengthening the connection and communication between school and home.

  • Countering ISIL's Financing

    Nov 13, 2014

    Stolen oil, extortion revenue, and access to international financial systems have enabled ISIL to build wealth. Helping Iraq and regional partners target financial facilitators and local revenue sources can reverse ISIL funding.

  • Community-Based Mental Health Providers Need More Preparation to Better Care for Veterans

    Nov 12, 2014

    Most community-based mental health providers are not well prepared to take care of the special needs of military veterans and their families. A national survey found that few providers met criteria for military cultural competency or used evidence-based approaches to treat problems commonly seen among veterans.

  • Military Retirement Compensation System Can Be Improved to Cut Costs and Improve Equity

    Nov 12, 2014

    The U.S. Department of Defense can change its retirement system in ways that will save between $1.8 and $4.4 billion a year, while extending benefits to more veterans and maintaining its attraction as a recruiting tool.

  • Tool Created to Help Multinational Companies Assess Risk of Bribery When Doing Business in Foreign Countries

    Nov 11, 2014

    Corruption can hinder global business investment — particularly in emerging markets — but multinational companies often have difficulty assessing the business bribery risk in other countries. A new tool, called the TRACE Matrix, can help.

  • Military Veteran Employment Valued, but Challenges Still Need to Be Addressed

    Nov 10, 2014

    Businesses report that U.S. military veterans make excellent employees, but companies still experience challenges locating and hiring them, including continuing difficulty understanding the match between military skills and civilian job requirements.

  • Patients with Multiple Health Conditions Have Lower Health-Related Quality of Life

    Nov 10, 2014

    Patients with multi-morbid diabetes, arthritis, neurological, or long-term mental health problems have significantly lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL) than other people. The associations of physical health with HRQoL were stronger in the presence of long-term mental health problems.

  • Measuring Hard-to-Measure Student Competencies

    Nov 3, 2014

    Interpersonal and intrapersonal competencies such as communication and resilience are important predictors of success and civic engagement after high school. They're also difficult to measure. Practical, high-quality measures could help educators and policymakers improve outcomes for students.

  • Biosimilar Medications Could Create Billions in Health Care Savings

    Nov 3, 2014

    Introducing competing “biosimilar” versions of complex biologic drugs used to treat illnesses such as cancer and rheumatoid arthritis could cut spending on biologics in the United States by $44 billion over the next decade.

  • Early Childhood Educators and Technology

    Nov 3, 2014

    Early childhood education (ECE) providers are in a position to help ensure that technology is used effectively. While there are obstacles, there are also courses of action that might be helpful in creating ECE providers who can ensure appropriate, intentional, and productive use of technology among young kids.

  • Adolescents and Marijuana: Factors Contributing to Use, Non-Use, and Cessation

    Nov 1, 2014

    With marijuana use increasing among American adolescents, a study examines the factors associated with quitting—including neighborhood, family, peer network, and individual factors. Results highlight the importance of such factors and show that relocated and isolated individuals may face challenges with cessation.

  • Equity in Competency Education

    Nov 1, 2014

    Equity is a basic goal and value of competency education. Competency-based approaches should promote equity by preventing students from falling or staying behind. Family income can influence this equity and has effects and implications that can limit opportunities for some students to excel in school.

  • Drivers of Long-Term Insecurity and Instability in Pakistan

    Oct 30, 2014

    Already one of the most urbanized nations in South Asia, Pakistan is projected to have a majority of its population living in cities within three decades. Researchers examine Pakistan's increasing urbanization as a potential driver of long-term insecurity and instability, with particular attention to the cities of Karachi, Lahore, and Quetta.