Physical activity in public parks may help improve community health, but promoting it is difficult for local parks with limited budgets. Modest increases in signage, promotional items, and outreach in parks across Los Angeles boosted physical activity by 7 to 12 percent compared to parks that did not make changes.
The RAND Center for Middle East Public Policy (CMEPP) brings together analytic excellence and regional expertise from across the RAND Corporation to address the most critical political, social, and economic challenges facing the Middle East today.
Future U.S. Army Security Force Assistance missions, such as those envisioned for the U.S. Army's Regionally Aligned Forces, can benefit from the experience gained in Afghanistan as captured in this report.
Predicting the effects of climate policies on energy use and the economy requires understanding how they will affect innovation. This study helps fill research gaps by using the number of relevant academic journal articles published per month as a proxy for innovation in wind and solar energy.
Many objective robust decision making (MORDM) combines concepts and methods from many objective evolutionary optimization and robust decision making (RDM), along with extensive use of interactive visual analytics, to facilitate the management of complex environmental systems.
A broad range of board-level interventions—including having an empowered, independent Chief Ethics and Compliance Officer—could improve compliance and ethics oversight within the C-suite and better support transparency toward shareholders and employees.
The experiences of Finland, Norway, and Sweden in offering patient choice schemes highlight England's need to carefully monitor the impact of enhanced choice in primary care to ensure that related policies truly enhance access to and improve the quality of care, and not inadvertently benefit those who are more able to exercise choice.
Predictive policing is the use of analytical techniques to prevent crime or solve past crimes. An assessment of some of the most promising technical tools and tactical approaches offers recommendations for police and developers.
While there is evidence of North Korean biological weapons, little is known with certainty about them and how North Korea would use them. Bruce Bennett addresses the nature of the potential North Korean biological weapon threat and how the ROK and United States should prepare to counter potential attacks.
The Army has developed an impressive capacity to adapt to emerging requirements by providing units with new capabilities rapidly and flexibly. While the readiness reporting system still works as originally intended, however, the current readiness reporting system captures only a portion of the adaptations readily seen in recent years.
Adolescents' perceptions of peer substance use grow significantly during their middle school years. These can affect current and future use. Early interventions that limit this influential factor may be appropriate during this developmental period.
Although fair value accounting was blamed by some as the primary cause of the 2008 financial crisis, this was probably not the case. Nevertheless, policymakers should be aware that both fair value and historical cost accounting sometimes can produce misleading information, resulting in both institutional and systemic risk.
In One Hundred Victories, acclaimed military expert Linda Robinson shows how the special operations forces are — after a decade of intensive combat operations — evolving to become the go-to force for operations worldwide.
Being able to provide high-quality health care is a primary driver of job satisfaction among physicians, and obstacles to quality patient care are a source of stress for them. For example, the systems for electronic health records in use today are cumbersome to operate and contribute to their dissatisfaction.
Regions of the United States where doctors and hospitals are consolidated into large networks are more likely to have accountable care organizations, medical practice structures intended to improve medical care and cut costs.
Previous RAND research on historical insurgencies found that a conflict's overall balance of good and bad factors and practices perfectly discriminated its outcome. A RAND study applied this scorecard approach to Afghanistan in early 2013.
At the moment, al Shabaab does not appear to be plotting attacks against the U.S. homeland but there are several reasons why America should still be concerned. Its terrorist attack at Westgate Mall in Kenya and its follow-up attacks are a stark reminder that the Somalia-based group remains lethal.