Featured Research

  • Scenarios Examine Future of Mobility in the United States

    Oct 24, 2013

    What might one expect for the future of mobility in the U.S. in 2030? A six-step scenario development process resulted in two thought-provoking scenarios that address this question, and three key drivers differentiate the scenarios: the price of oil, the development of environmental regulation, and the amount of highway revenues and expenditures.

  • Treating Co-Occurring Depression and Substance Use Disorder

    Oct 24, 2013

    Providing on-site group cognitive behavior therapy to those receiving residential substance abuse treatment is a cost-effective way to treat depression.

  • Benefits of Slowing the Aging Process

    Oct 23, 2013

    Most medical research focuses on fighting individual disease. But delayed aging could boost life expectancy by more than two years and yield more than $7 trillion over 50 years. Greater investment in research to delay aging could be a very efficient way to prevent disease, improve public health, and extend healthy life.

  • U.S. Chain Restaurants and Nutrition: One Step Forward, Two Steps Back

    Oct 22, 2013

    Restaurants make changes to their menus regularly, but they may make both healthy and unhealthy changes simultaneously. Overall, there were no meaningful changes in average energy or sodium content in main entrées from top U.S. restaurant chains between 2010 and 2011.

  • Acceptance of Government Interventions to Change Health-Related Behaviors

    Oct 21, 2013

    The public acceptability of government interventions to change behavior is greatest for the least intrusive interventions, which are often the least effective, and for interventions targeting the behavior of others, rather than the respondent him or herself.

  • Comparing Homeland Security Risks Using a Deliberative Risk Ranking Methodology

    Oct 21, 2013

    Managing homeland security risks involves balancing concerns about numerous types of accidents, disasters, and terrorist attacks. This research presents individuals' relative concerns about homeland security hazards and the attributes which influence those concerns.

  • ExpertLens: An Online Approach to Stakeholder Engagement and Expert Elicitation

    Oct 18, 2013

    When making complex decisions, researchers and policymakers often seek the input of many stakeholders and individuals with varied perspectives. ExpertLens is an online application developed by research and programming experts at the RAND Corporation to help achieve these goals easily and cost effectively.

  • The Role of Economic Development Zones in National Development Strategies: The Case of China

    Oct 18, 2013

    Based on a systematic review of the historical data and policies for economic development zones in China, this dissertation creates a unique classification system for the development path of these zones and identified four distinct phases.

  • Analyzing Defense Laboratory Patenting and Innovation

    Oct 17, 2013

    A new approach to measuring research and innovation performance uses patents by examining the trends in patent filings over time within organizations and within technology classes.

  • Child Labor and Education in Developing Countries

    Oct 17, 2013

    Factors related to the decision between educational investment and child labor include living in poverty, the opportunity cost of education (the child's wage), and the return to education.

  • Modest Improvements in Marketing and Signage at Parks Can Increase Visitors’ Activity and Exercise

    Oct 17, 2013

    Physical activity in public parks may help improve community health, but promoting it is difficult for local parks with limited budgets. Modest increases in signage, promotional items, and outreach in parks across Los Angeles boosted physical activity by 7 to 12 percent compared to parks that did not make changes.

  • RAND Middle East Research

    Oct 16, 2013

    The RAND Center for Middle East Public Policy (CMEPP) brings together analytic excellence and regional expertise from across the RAND Corporation to address the most critical political, social, and economic challenges facing the Middle East today.

  • Leveraging Observations of Security Force Assistance in Afghanistan for Global Operations

    Oct 16, 2013

    Future U.S. Army Security Force Assistance missions, such as those envisioned for the U.S. Army's Regionally Aligned Forces, can benefit from the experience gained in Afghanistan as captured in this report.

  • Policy Impacts on Wind and Solar Innovation

    Oct 16, 2013

    Predicting the effects of climate policies on energy use and the economy requires understanding how they will affect innovation. This study helps fill research gaps by using the number of relevant academic journal articles published per month as a proxy for innovation in wind and solar energy.

  • New Methods to Implement Multi-Attribute RDM

    Oct 14, 2013

    Many objective robust decision making (MORDM) combines concepts and methods from many objective evolutionary optimization and robust decision making (RDM), along with extensive use of interactive visual analytics, to facilitate the management of complex environmental systems.

  • Exploring How Executives, Boards, and Policymakers Can Better Safeguard Against Misconduct at the Top

    Oct 14, 2013

    A broad range of board-level interventions—including having an empowered, independent Chief Ethics and Compliance Officer—could improve compliance and ethics oversight within the C-suite and better support transparency toward shareholders and employees.

  • Review of Experiences in Three Countries Informs England's Patient Choice Scheme

    Oct 14, 2013

    The experiences of Finland, Norway, and Sweden in offering patient choice schemes highlight England's need to carefully monitor the impact of enhanced choice in primary care to ensure that related policies truly enhance access to and improve the quality of care, and not inadvertently benefit those who are more able to exercise choice.

  • Forecasting Crime for Law Enforcement

    Oct 14, 2013

    Predictive policing is the use of analytical techniques to prevent crime or solve past crimes. An assessment of some of the most promising technical tools and tactical approaches offers recommendations for police and developers.

  • Factors Affecting Physician Professional Satisfaction

    Oct 11, 2013

    While numerous factors contribute to physician professional satisfaction, their perceptions about quality of care and the state of electronic health record technology are the most important.

  • The Challenge of North Korean Biological Weapons

    Oct 11, 2013

    While there is evidence of North Korean biological weapons, little is known with certainty about them and how North Korea would use them. Bruce Bennett addresses the nature of the potential North Korean biological weapon threat and how the ROK and United States should prepare to counter potential attacks.