Featured Research

  • What Are the Advantages and Risks of Special Warfare?

    Feb 23, 2016

    Special warfare provides policymakers with an additional option that can help secure U.S. interests and manage risks. It can stabilize a friendly state or destabilize a hostile regime by operating through and with local state or non-state partners, rather than through unilateral U.S. action.

  • Quality of Mental Health Care Provided by the Military

    Feb 18, 2016

    The military health system performs well in following up with patients after they are discharged from a mental health hospitalization. But some areas of care for PTSD and depression need improvement. For example, although most patients received at least one psychotherapy visit, the number and timing of subsequent visits may be inadequate.

  • Ensuring Excellent PTSD and Depression Care for Service Members

    Feb 18, 2016

    Service members with PTSD or depression receive considerable medical care, so providing excellent care is critical. The Military Health System shows important strengths, but improvements in care for PTSD and depression are needed.

  • Frequent Alcohol Testing Combined with Swift, Certain, and Modest Sanctions Is Associated with Drop in Mortality

    Feb 9, 2016

    An innovative program that requires alcohol-involved offenders to abstain from alcohol and submit to frequent tests was associated with a 4 percent drop in mortality. The associations were most evident among causes of death related to excessive alcohol use, such as circulatory conditions.

  • Medical Device Innovation in the Era of the Affordable Care Act

    Feb 8, 2016

    Changing incentives in the health care sector and the move to value-based payment models will force device manufacturers to redirect investments from the spectacular toward the prudent—lower cost, less sexy.

  • U.S. Military Service Members May Volunteer to Extend Tours if Offered Incentives

    Feb 8, 2016

    Nearly 60 percent of U.S. military service members surveyed were unwilling to voluntarily extend their tours, believing that doing so may adversely impact quality of life, morale, or job performance. Others reported interest in longer tours if financial incentives were offered.

  • Assessing Policy Options for Subsidies to Improve the ACA

    Feb 5, 2016

    Of three alternatives examined for expanding health insurance and lowering premiums with no additional federal spending, extending the Affordable Care Act's subsidies to all consumers and placing a floor on subsidies had the greatest benefit.

  • Unconventional Options for the Defense of the Baltic States

    Feb 5, 2016

    Unconventional options from the Swiss defense strategy during the Cold War could benefit Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. These include training and equipping local defense units and preparing transportation infrastructure for demolition to prevent an invasion.

  • Climate and Energy Analysis: Reinvigorating the Scenario Technique

    Feb 4, 2016

    Scenarios are widely used for long-term climate and energy analysis, but scenario developers and users typically capture only a subset of future uncertainties. By adopting three focal points as part of this methodology, researchers can expand uncertainty consideration and gather user-specific insights.

  • A Counterinsurgency Win in Afghanistan?

    Feb 4, 2016

    The 2015 counterinsurgency (COIN) effort in Afghanistan ranks among the low end of historical COIN winners. The Afghan government and security forces are capable of maintaining the current stalemate with the Taliban. This is the first step on the most promising path to peace: a negotiated settlement.

  • Balancing Demand and Supply for Veterans' Health Care

    Feb 4, 2016

    What are veterans' demographics and health care needs and how might these evolve? What resources and capacity to deliver health care does the Department of Veterans Affairs have and how might this impact veterans' access? What should policymakers consider when examining changes to VA's use of purchased care?

  • Wargaming the Defense of the Baltics

    Feb 1, 2016

    A series of wargames examined the threat Russia may present to the three Baltic republics. As currently postured, NATO could not defend the territory. What might be done to prevent Russia from attempting to reclaim it?

  • Robust Decision Making Could Help Defense Resource Planning

    Feb 1, 2016

    Defense planning needs a new approach to identify strategies that perform well over a wide range of threat and funding futures. RDM is designed to inform decisions under conditions of deep uncertainty and complexity, and as shown in an application to the munitions mix challenge, could prove quite useful.

  • Assessing Threats with Soft, Uncertain, and Conflicting Evidence

    Feb 1, 2016

    Part of thwarting terrorist attacks is observing suspicious individuals over time with diverse means. These observations provide data that are often both complex and “soft.” How can analysts combine these data to form a realistic threat assessment?

  • A 'DECISIVE' Approach to Research Funding

    Jan 28, 2016

    Eight lessons drawn from a decade's worth of arthritis, cardiovascular, and mental health studies provide a 'DECISIVE' approach to maximize the impact of biomedical and health research funding.

  • Medical Marijuana Users More Likely to Consume Edibles and Vaporize

    Jan 28, 2016

    People who use marijuana for medical purposes are much more likely to vaporize or consume edible forms of the drug than recreational users. They are also more likely to report daily or near-daily use and consume more grams per day.

  • Are Teachers Prepared to Help Students Meet Common Core Standards for English?

    Jan 28, 2016

    The majority of K-12 teachers are expected to address state standards for English language arts and literacy, but many reported the need for professional development to help students meet these standards.

  • Are Teachers Prepared to Help Students Meet Common Core State Standards for Mathematics?

    Jan 28, 2016

    In a survey of the American Teacher Panel, most mathematics educators reported familiarity with Common Core state standards and believed they were moderately or well prepared to help their students meet them.

  • RAND Year in Review 2015

    Jan 27, 2016

    An assessment of 2015 achievements shows how well RAND carried out its mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. Success stories include studies on correctional education, sexual assault in the military, and the Affordable Care Act.

  • PLA Joint Training and Implications for Future Expeditionary Capabilities

    Jan 21, 2016

    Effective joint operation capability is a centerpiece of the PLA. Joint training efforts have resulted in successes, but also have highlighted long-standing problems that military leaders recognize as obstacles to future expeditionary capabilities.