Featured Research

  • China's Expeditionary Capabilities and Implications for U.S. Asia Policy

    Jan 21, 2016

    Alongside China's development of many capabilities necessary to conduct missions far from its borders, China's actions to shape the international security environment are accelerating. This poses both opportunities and challenges for U.S. policymakers.

  • U.S. Army Must Prepare for Future Adversaries

    Jan 20, 2016

    More than a decade in Afghanistan and Iraq has honed the U.S. Army's ability to fight irregular adversaries, but these may not be the adversaries it will face in the future. The security landscape is changing in the face of a rising China, a resurgent Russia, and a Middle East in turmoil. How can the Army prepare?

  • A Framework for Programming and Budgeting for Cybersecurity

    Jan 20, 2016

    When defending an organization, cybersecurity professionals must choose from a large set of defensive measures while operating with a limited set of resources. What is the menu of actions for defending against an attack? And how can defenders navigate the selection process?

  • How Legalizing Marijuana in VT Might Affect Revenues, Budgets

    Jan 19, 2016

    Vermonters spend between $125 and $225 million on marijuana each year. There are many factors to consider when projecting the budgetary effects legalization might have, but policy changes do not need to be permanent. Starting with incremental change and/or incorporating a sunset provision might make more sense.

  • Lessons from the Task Force for Business and Stability Operations in Afghanistan

    Jan 12, 2016

    Economic development is likely to remain a key component of U.S. contingency operations. Assessing the activities of the Task Force for Business and Stability Operations in Afghanistan offers insights for similar projects in the future.

  • Significant Costs Involved with Converting Primary Care Medical Practices to 'Medical Homes'

    Jan 11, 2016

    While there are financial incentives available to primary care practices that transform into medical homes, such investments might be especially challenging for small practices and those not associated with a larger health network. The costs include one-time startup costs and ongoing costs, the greatest being adding new staff to help better coordinate patients' care.

  • Essential Skills Veterans Gain During Professional Military Training

    Jan 6, 2016

    A concise reference card that identifies many of the skills that transitioning service members and veterans have learned in professional military training programs serves as a resource for leaders and hiring managers.

  • America Needs a Collaborative Approach to Manage Its Adversaries and Strengthen Its Partnerships

    Jan 5, 2016

    How should the United States manage its relationships with partners and adversaries in a world of shrinking defense budgets and reduced political will for international engagement?

  • Defense Institution Building in Africa

    Jan 4, 2016

    Effective defense institution building (DIB) requires close coordination at every level. Improved coordination, planning, and implementation should enable DIB to advance U.S. defense objectives in Africa more effectively.

  • Lessening the Risk of Refugee Radicalization: Lessons from the Past

    Dec 28, 2015

    Radicalization among refugee populations, such as the millions currently fleeing Syria, is not inevitable. Rather, comprehensive policies that go beyond immediate life-saving needs can mitigate the risk. But such policies were rare in past crises and even today can be difficult to put in place and sustain.

  • The Urban Child Institute CANDLE Study

    Dec 21, 2015

    The Urban Child Institute developed the Conditions Affecting Neurocognitive Development and Learning in Early Childhood (CANDLE) Study to identify what factors during pregnancy and early childhood affect a child's development and ability to learn.

  • Policies to Support a Better Treatment for Heroin and Prescription Opioid Abuse

    Dec 17, 2015

    Increasing the number of physicians who can prescribe buprenorphine for opioid abuse and supporting their ability to treat more patients may be the fastest approach to enhancing capacity for treatment, particularly in less populated counties.

  • A Peace Plan for Syria

    Dec 17, 2015

    The best chance for peace in Syria is for external parties to persuade stakeholders to accept a ceasefire, with further negotiations on a political settlement to follow later. The alternative is the indefinite continuation or even escalation of a devastating war.

  • Considerations for Integrating Women into U.S. Special Ops Forces

    Dec 16, 2015

    A survey of special operations forces (SOF) personnel identified their concerns with allowing women to fill SOF positions. Many said they thought mission effectiveness and unit cohesion would suffer as a result.

  • The National Security Implications of Virtual Currency

    Dec 16, 2015

    Could a non-state actor deploy a virtual currency to disrupt sovereignty and increase its political or economic power? How might a government or organization successfully disrupt such a deployment?

  • Which Behavioral Interventions Are Most Cost-Effective in Reducing Drunk Driving?

    Dec 14, 2015

    Different states have different needs when it comes to drunk driving interventions. Given limited budgets, how can policymakers know which available policies would reduce the most drunk driving-related deaths for their implementation dollars?

  • Using Cost-Effectiveness Analysis to Prioritize Spending on Traffic Safety

    Dec 14, 2015

    In deciding how to allocate funds targeting traffic safety, policymakers must determine the appropriate trade-off between cost-effectiveness and equity among states. A new tool helps determine the most cost-effective interventions to reduce motor vehicle crash-related injuries and deaths.

  • Policy Options for Providing ACA Subsidies

    Dec 10, 2015

    The ACA provides tax subsidies to qualified individuals for purchasing insurance while retaining tax exemptions for contributions to employer-sponsored insurance premiums. There are several options for leveling the financial playing field between the two markets.

  • Electronic Surveillance of Mobile Devices for Law Enforcement

    Dec 10, 2015

    Mobile phones collect and retain enormous amounts of information that can be useful in criminal investigations. However, state and local law enforcement face substantial challenges when accessing these data.

  • The Role of Oil in ISIL Finances

    Dec 10, 2015

    Sales of oil and refined oil products are the most important single source of recurrent revenues for ISIL. Targeting ISIL's oil loading facilities and heavy trucks can weaken the group, but this alone will not lead to its demise.