Featured Research

  • Suicide Prevention in California: Strategies from Science

    Oct 30, 2013

    In this testimony before the California State Senate, Rajeev Ramchand discusses effective strategies for preventing suicide, the tenth leading cause of death in the state.

  • Monopoly and Micro-Irrigation in Smallholder Water Markets

    Oct 30, 2013

    Many rural agricultural areas around the world are facing severely depleted groundwater resources, which farmers rely on for irrigation. This dissertation explores the changes that would follow a move to formalize water markets and establish tradable water rights.

  • The U.S. Military Response to the 2010 Haiti Earthquake

    Oct 29, 2013

    Luck, serendipity, and longtime relationships fostered success in Haiti relief efforts, though actual performance is impossible to measure because metrics and plans were not in place before the earthquake hit. U.S. Department of Defense policy on humanitarian assistance and disaster relief needs to be updated.

  • Toward a Dynamic and Trustworthy Internet of Things

    Oct 29, 2013

    The Internet of Things builds out from today’s Internet by creating a pervasive and self-organising network of connected, identifiable and addressable physical objects through the use of embedded chips. Several actions could inform a consistent European policy stance.

  • Using Scenario Elicitation Methodology to Map Possible Future Challenges to Mitigation and Adaptation

    Oct 29, 2013

    A new set of scenarios, referred to as Shared Socio-economic Pathways (SSPs), examines challenges to mitigation and challenges to adaptation. Developing SSPs with a "backwards" approach could help inform the development of SSPs to ensure the storylines focus on the driving forces most relevant to distinguishing between the SSPs.

  • Motion Imagery Processing and Exploitation (MIPE)

    Oct 29, 2013

    Motion Imagery Processing and Exploitation (MIPE) systems aid analysts in the detection, identification, and tracking of objects of interest and activities of interest in live and archival video. This report defines and investigates the potential of MIPE systems, which can enable military intelligence analysts to respond to the current information deluge and exploit a wide range of motion imagery collections.

  • How to Make Research More Likely to Benefit Patients with Schizophrenia

    Oct 28, 2013

    To make an impact on patient care within a 20-year timeframe, biomedical research funders and policymakers should focus resources on clinical rather than basic research, and support individuals who work across disciplinary boundaries and are motivated by patient need.

  • Improving Air Force Enterprise Resource Planning-Enabled Business Transformation

    Oct 25, 2013

    RAND Project AIR FORCE identified key conditions to aid the success of business transformation enabled by enterprise resource planning systems, challenges the Air Force must address to achieve them, and options for overcoming these challenges.

  • Rising Cost of Flood Insurance Will Create Serious Challenges for New York City

    Oct 25, 2013

    Some New York City residents may soon face sharp increases in their flood insurance premiums as a result of major changes occurring in the National Flood Insurance Program and the redrawing of flood maps that expand the areas at risk. Property owners in areas now deemed at highest risk may face increases of $5,000 to $10,000 annually.

  • Scenarios Examine Future of Mobility in the United States

    Oct 24, 2013

    What might one expect for the future of mobility in the U.S. in 2030? A six-step scenario development process resulted in two thought-provoking scenarios that address this question, and three key drivers differentiate the scenarios: the price of oil, the development of environmental regulation, and the amount of highway revenues and expenditures.

  • Treating Co-Occurring Depression and Substance Use Disorder

    Oct 24, 2013

    Providing on-site group cognitive behavior therapy to those receiving residential substance abuse treatment is a cost-effective way to treat depression.

  • Benefits of Slowing the Aging Process

    Oct 23, 2013

    Most medical research focuses on fighting individual disease. But delayed aging could boost life expectancy by more than two years and yield more than $7 trillion over 50 years. Greater investment in research to delay aging could be a very efficient way to prevent disease, improve public health, and extend healthy life.

  • U.S. Chain Restaurants and Nutrition: One Step Forward, Two Steps Back

    Oct 22, 2013

    Restaurants make changes to their menus regularly, but they may make both healthy and unhealthy changes simultaneously. Overall, there were no meaningful changes in average energy or sodium content in main entrées from top U.S. restaurant chains between 2010 and 2011.

  • Acceptance of Government Interventions to Change Health-Related Behaviors

    Oct 21, 2013

    The public acceptability of government interventions to change behavior is greatest for the least intrusive interventions, which are often the least effective, and for interventions targeting the behavior of others, rather than the respondent him or herself.

  • Comparing Homeland Security Risks Using a Deliberative Risk Ranking Methodology

    Oct 21, 2013

    Managing homeland security risks involves balancing concerns about numerous types of accidents, disasters, and terrorist attacks. This research presents individuals' relative concerns about homeland security hazards and the attributes which influence those concerns.

  • ExpertLens: An Online Approach to Stakeholder Engagement and Expert Elicitation

    Oct 18, 2013

    When making complex decisions, researchers and policymakers often seek the input of many stakeholders and individuals with varied perspectives. ExpertLens is an online application developed by research and programming experts at the RAND Corporation to help achieve these goals easily and cost effectively.

  • The Role of Economic Development Zones in National Development Strategies: The Case of China

    Oct 18, 2013

    Based on a systematic review of the historical data and policies for economic development zones in China, this dissertation creates a unique classification system for the development path of these zones and identified four distinct phases.

  • Analyzing Defense Laboratory Patenting and Innovation

    Oct 17, 2013

    A new approach to measuring research and innovation performance uses patents by examining the trends in patent filings over time within organizations and within technology classes.

  • Child Labor and Education in Developing Countries

    Oct 17, 2013

    Factors related to the decision between educational investment and child labor include living in poverty, the opportunity cost of education (the child's wage), and the return to education.

  • Modest Improvements in Marketing and Signage at Parks Can Increase Visitors’ Activity and Exercise

    Oct 17, 2013

    Physical activity in public parks may help improve community health, but promoting it is difficult for local parks with limited budgets. Modest increases in signage, promotional items, and outreach in parks across Los Angeles boosted physical activity by 7 to 12 percent compared to parks that did not make changes.