A ranking methodology can provide a general indication of the quality of institutions applying to be deemed Academic Health Science Centres in England.
Potential tax rates and revenues have been a common theme in discussions about legalizing marijuana. However, policy goals, types of taxes, and components of revenue are also important to consider.
Research at a large firm found, on average, a 10% increase in an employee's out-of-pocket premium increases the probability of dropping coverage by approximately 1%, with married workers and lower-paid workers disproportionately more likely to drop coverage.
In the past, qualitative conceptual causal models called "factor trees" were used to identify the factors that contribute to aspects of terrorism or insurgency and how the factors relate to each other. This report goes beyond the qualitative by specifying a prototype computational social-science model of public support for terrorism and insurgency.
California's Mental Health Services Act emphasizes stigma and discrimination reduction. Researchers examined whether this effort changed the public perception of mental illness and the individual experience of stigma.
In an environment of fiscal constraints and shifting strategic needs, policymakers should carefully weigh the strategic capability effects, relative costs, and risks associated with potential changes to U.S. overseas military posture.
While the DoD is under pressure to reduce costs, meaningful savings from overseas posture changes would require choosing from a small set of options, each presenting benefit trade-offs. U.S. military presence contributes to assurance of allies, deterrence, contingency responsiveness, and security cooperation.
Ongoing efforts to profile physicians on their relative cost of care have been criticized because they do not account for differences in patients' socioeconomic status (SES).
American interests in the Western Pacific depend on sea power. Yet China views nearby U.S. sea power as a threat, a counterweight to its regional interests, and a potential barrier to its access to the world's oceans, resources, and markets. David C. Gompert explores the future relationship between U.S. and Chinese sea power.
To meet complex security challenges in the future, the Department of Homeland Security must develop integrated plans that set priorities, direct resources to programs and activities to achieve outcomes consistent with these priorities, and conduct evaluations to ensure these outcomes are realized.
The United States should respond to China's increasing sea power in the Western Pacific region by exploiting technology to make its naval forces less vulnerable, while also pursuing regional maritime security cooperation that includes China.
Identifying the costs of dementia is challenging because persons who have it are likely to have co-existing chronic health problems, making isolating the costs among other costs difficult. Also, it is unclear how to attribute a monetary cost to informal caregiving.
Viewing tobacco ads in retail locations may be associated with higher smoking risk. The tobacco industry has begun using these promotions more than traditional channels, such as billboards and magazines.
Because soft airfields can support only a limited number of takeoffs and landings, it is important to understand how to maximize the cargo throughput at these soft fields. This report shows that there is an optimum landing weight that allows for maximum cargo delivery. This optimum landing weight is constant and independent of both aircraft ramp weight and the ability of the soil to resist compressive loads.
Data confirm that boys engage in more direct aggression than girls. Direct aggression is also related to externalizing problems, poor peer relations, and low prosocial behavior.
Peer review is considered the gold standard for reviewing research proposals, but it is not always the best method for every research funding process. RAND Europe has updated its folio of cards highlighting a set of established approaches that offer unique alternatives to traditional peer review.
Based on insurance claims for nine common outpatient services in consumer-directed health plans (CDHPs), researchers found no evidence that those with lower expected medical expenses engaged in more price shopping. Consumers did not engage in more price shopping before reaching the CDHP deductible, either.
More physician-patient discussions about dietary supplements could help inform patient decisions. Physicians should address the risks, effectiveness, and costs of supplements.
Insomnia is very common, but most of its sufferers don't receive a diagnosis or treatment. However, educating primary care providers and other professionals about insomnia can help.
Questionnaires suggest similar levels of satisfaction between patrons of mail-pharmacy services and those using traditional pharmacy services.