In a large employee wellness program offered by PepsiCo, efforts to help employees manage chronic illnesses saved $3.78 in health care costs for every $1 invested in the effort. However, the program's lifestyle management components that encourage healthy living did not deliver returns that were higher than the costs.
Impact now plays a role in the allocation of research funding to UK universities through the Research Excellence Framework (REF), presenting universities with a new challenge: how best to capture research results and construct submissions to the REF. ImpactFinder is an analysis and advice package to help senior research leaders determine how best to identify research with the greatest impact and present it to the REF panels.
Self-driving vehicles offer the promise of significant benefits to society, but raise several policy challenges, including the need to update insurance liability regulations and privacy concerns such as who will control the data generated by this technology.
Failing to predict the number of Air Force billet vacancies that will require an advanced academic degree can be difficult, and can lead to shortfalls or an oversupplies of officers with specific degrees and academic specialties.
These e-learning modules show how to strengthen planning, implementation, and evaluation efforts for youth-serving programs and community-based coalitions or initiatives.
To what extent are no-fly zones (NFZs) a policy option for external military intervention in local conflicts? A new report examines the forms they might take, their potential utility, and their probable limitations.
Issues such as rising tuition costs, an increasing numbers of for-profit institutions that target veterans, and a potentially confusing array of benefit options could mitigate the impact of financial aid benefits designed to help veterans attend college.
U.S. workplace wellness programs are prevalent, and most observers expect uptake to grow, especially as the Affordable Care Act will increase employment-based coverage and promotes workplace wellness programs through numerous provisions. But there is currently insufficient evidence to definitively assess their impact on health outcomes and cost.
As schools and districts move toward performance-based teacher evaluation as a way to improve teaching effectiveness and student outcomes, the principal's role in teacher evaluations is becoming even more important.
Commissioned by the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice, this international stocktaking of cannabis production includes a special focus on identifying and describing official policies on production regimes for non-medical and non-scientific purposes.
The U.S. Air Force has long struggled to incorporate new weapon system logistics requirements and support system design considerations into its broader sustainment enterprise early in the acquisition process. RAND developed a framework that helps planners visualize sustainment data and compare new programs with legacy Air Force systems.
Key challenges facing the EU in the next 15 years include income equality; a globally expanding and aging population; employment and a changing labor force; and evolving patterns and impacts of migration.
In Washington state, marijuana consumption likely will range from 135 to 225 metric tons during 2013. Understanding the current market should help state policymakers with decisions about the number of marijuana sales licenses to issue, to project tax revenues, and provide a foundation for assessments of legalization.
Since it was built in the 1950s, the Air Force Maui Optical and Supercomputing Site's mission, management structure, and operational partners have changed several times to accommodate the contemporary challenges and research tools. This timeline documents some of those historical changes.
For most lower-income people who obtain coverage as a result of the Affordable Care Act, health care spending will fall. But spending by some newly insured higher-income people will increase because they will be now paying insurance premiums.
Market forces are stacking the deck against development of drugs for common central nervous system disorders, such as Alzheimer's, schizophrenia, and depression. But policy changes could steer investment into drugs for these neglected diseases by reducing development cost and uncertainty and increasing expected revenue.
An overview of the 'mental models' methodology of communicating focuses on each step in the initial approach and offers a discussion of four specific challenges that a practitioner may face when implementing the approach and strategies for addressing them.
Although work fatality rates have declined in the U.S., fatality rates are much lower and have declined faster in recent years in the UK. Efforts to find out the reasons for the much better UK outcomes could be productive.
Private contractors who worked in Iraq, Afghanistan or other conflict environments over the past two years report suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder and depression more often than military personnel who served in recent conflicts. Relatively few get help either before or after deployment.
To help the UK Ministry of Defence (MOD) assess and harness wider investment in relevant technology areas, researchers examine a growing volume of primarily civil technology that can both potentially impact and be exploited as defense and security capabilities.