Featured Research

  • Cost of Informal Caregiving for U.S. Elderly Is $522 Billion Annually

    Oct 27, 2014

    The price tag for informal caregiving of elderly people by friends and relatives in the U.S. comes to $522 billion a year. Replacing that care with unskilled paid care at minimum wage would cost $221 billion, while replacing it with skilled nursing care would cost $642 billion.

  • Saving the Government Money: Examples from RAND's FFRDCs

    Oct 27, 2014

    RAND's three federally funded research and development centers apply research capital they have developed over the years to help decisionmakers solve problems and often save money as well. This publication lists and briefly summarizes some RAND projects undertaken over the past ten years that have helped save the government money or that have identified ways to do so.

  • Updated Guidelines for the Control of Legionella

    Oct 23, 2014

    Pennsylvania is within the U.S. region that has the highest incidence of reported Legionnaires' disease. Guidelines for community hospitals, nursing homes, assisted living, and high-rise retirement facilities provide information on Legionella and how to minimize its occurrence and impact on people and the environment.

  • Alternative Futures for Syria

    Oct 22, 2014

    A December 2013 workshop evaluated possible outcomes from the Syrian civil war, but the period through August 2014 brought many changes. A reassessment of the workshop's findings shows that while a regime victory now appears to be likely, it would not be as big of a blow to ISIS due to the group's territorial gains in Iraq.

  • Lack of Complete European Integration Costs Countries, EU

    Oct 21, 2014

    The removal of existing barriers to foreign direct direct investment and non-tariff trade barriers within the European Union could boost total intra-EU merchandise exports up to 7 per cent in the long-term. These effects would vary by Member State, and by sector of the internal market.

  • Young Adult Enrollment and the Affordable Care Act

    Oct 21, 2014

    Reduced young-adult enrollment in the individual health insurance market created under the Affordable Care Act would lead to modest premium increases; however, eliminating tax credits would substantially increase premiums and reduce enrollment.

  • Eliminating Subsidies for People to Buy Health Coverage Would Increase Premiums and Number of Uninsured

    Oct 21, 2014

    Eliminating subsidies that help low- and moderate-income people purchase coverage through government-run health insurance marketplaces would boost costs for consumers as much as 43 percent and cause more than 11 million Americans to lose their health insurance.

  • Identifying an Adequate Technology Infrastructure for Early Childhood Education

    Oct 20, 2014

    Infrastructure (devices, software, and connectivity) should support technology's potential to improve learning and build digital literacy among young kids. But many factors make “adequate infrastructure” a moving target, such as the myriad of choices on the market.

  • What Can the U.S. Army Learn from France's War in Mali?

    Oct 17, 2014

    French Army operations in Mali provide an example of how a technologically sophisticated army organizes and fields an expeditionary force. While the French way of war may not be optimal for U.S. commanders, who have greater resources at their disposal, the Army should still examine it for useful insights.

  • Making It More Difficult to Sue Physicians for Malpractice May Not Reduce 'Defensive Medicine'

    Oct 15, 2014

    Malpractice reform has been advocated by many experts as a key to reining in health care costs. Three states raised the standard for malpractice in the emergency room to gross negligence, but that did not translate into less-expensive care.

  • Lessons from Past 13 Years of War Can Improve Future Strategy

    Oct 14, 2014

    Lessons from the past 13 years of war provide insight into the future operating environment and identify critical requirements for land and special operations forces to collaborate successfully with various partners in future conflicts.

  • Community Justice Center in San Francisco Is Associated with Lower Rearrest Rates

    Oct 8, 2014

    San Francisco opened the Community Justice Center in 2009 to serve its Tenderloin district and adjacent neighborhoods. Those arrested for an eligible offense in the Center catchment area after it opened were 8.9 to 10.3 percent less likely to be rearrested within one year.

  • Moving Beyond Screen Time: Appropriate Technology Use for Young Children

    Oct 8, 2014

    Appropriate technology use by young kids has traditionally focused on a single, blunt measure: “screen time.” But technology and patterns of use have changed. A more comprehensive definition should also consider what technology and content kids use, how they use it, and why.

  • State Policies Can Influence Patient Access to Effective Heroin Treatment

    Oct 7, 2014

    Buprenorphine is an effective alternative to methadone for treating opioid dependence because it can be taken at home rather than requiring patients to report daily to a licensed clinic. But it can only be prescribed by physicians who complete special training and obtain a waiver.

  • The Other Quiet Professionals: Lessons for Future Cyber Forces from the Evolution of Special Forces

    Oct 3, 2014

    Both special operations forces and cyber forces are small teams of highly skilled specialists, and both communities value skilled personnel above all else. What lessons can be drawn from a review of the commonalities, similarities, and differences between U.S. cyber forces and early U.S. special forces?

  • Cost Considerations in Cloud Computing

    Oct 2, 2014

    Until the Department of Defense develops official guidance for cost analysis of cloud and data centers, examining cost drivers for several data management approaches can help guide DoD analysts.

  • How Pay Freezes, Unpaid Furloughs, and Other Compensation Changes Affect Retention in the Federal Civil Service Workforce

    Oct 2, 2014

    Federal employee pay freezes and unpaid furloughs have raised concerns about the ability of the federal civil service to attract and retain personnel. RAND's dynamic retention model has been extended to assess how such actions could affect DoD civil service employment.

  • Comparing Solitary and Social-Only Substance Users in Middle School

    Sep 30, 2014

    Students who are solitary drug users are more likely to believe that alcohol and marijuana will help them relax, get away from their problems, and have more fun.

  • U.S. Military Making Progress on Reducing Stigma Associated with Seeking Help For Mental Illness

    Sep 30, 2014

    Despite efforts of both the DoD and the Veterans Health Administration to enhance mental health services, many service members still do not seek needed care. Defense officials have made a concerted effort to promote treatment as a way to reduce stigma.

  • Programs That Work

    Sep 26, 2014

    Public and private organizations serve millions of children and families in the United States. But how many of these programs are effective? The Promising Practices Network provides insight into which child and family programs are achieving their goals.