Featured Research

  • The Effects of Moving to Permanent Dwellings on India's Working Poor

    May 30, 2014

    In India, low-cost housing projects like the Ashray Affordable Housing Pilot may help the working poor and their families improve their living conditions, while still allowing developers to recover their costs.

  • Measuring the Public Acceptability of Population-Level Interventions to Reduce Alcohol Consumption

    May 28, 2014

    Public acceptability influences policy action, but the most acceptable policies are not always the most effective. The findings of a discrete-choice experiment suggest that public acceptability of alcohol interventions is dependent on both the nature of the policy and its expected effectiveness. Policy-makers struggling to mobilise support for hitherto unpopular but promising policies should consider giving greater prominence to their expected outcomes.

  • U.S. Obesity Epidemic Affecting All Segments of the Nation

    May 22, 2014

    While some differences in weight are evident between groups based on race and education levels, all Americans have been getting fatter at about the same rate for 25 years, even with increases in leisure time, availability of fruit and vegetables, and exercise.

  • Building Resilient Communities: Spanish Translation

    May 20, 2014

    Emergency preparedness can get you through the first few days following a disaster. But how can your community bounce back over the long term? With disasters becoming more common and costly, and with some areas enduring multiple disasters, the importance of building community resilience has never been greater.

  • Improving Demographic Diversity in the U.S. Air Force Officer Corps

    May 20, 2014

    To what extent does the representation of women and racial and ethnic minorities in the Air Force match the make-up of the general population? Despite the Air Force's efforts, minority groups and women are underrepresented in the active-duty line officer population, particularly among senior leaders.

  • Ways to Build Partnerships in the Arab World

    May 14, 2014

    U.S. security assistance has largely been perceived in transactional terms, provided with the expectation that the partner nation will take some action in return that furthers U.S. interests in the region. Instead, security assistance should be seen in terms of building and sustaining relationships.

  • Innovative School Principal Development Program Demonstrates Positive Student Achievement Gains

    May 13, 2014

    Urban schools where principals received rigorous leadership training and support experienced larger gains in student achievement than schools led by principals who did not participate in the program. At the high school level, students in schools where the trained principal had three or more years of experience saw gains in reading achievement of about 3 percentile points.

  • How the New Leaders Principal-Preparation Program Impacts Student Achievement

    May 13, 2014

    Students at schools with principals trained by the New Leaders program had modestly larger achievement gains than those at schools led by non-New Leaders principals. However, the program's effects varied by district, with no clear patterns.

  • Four Ways to Foster Successful School Leadership

    May 8, 2014

    Principals are second only to teachers as the most important school factor affecting student achievement. States and school districts can help principals by implementing effective hiring practices, building high-quality evaluation systems, entrusting principals with autonomy, and providing resources and supports.

  • Allowing Terrorism Risk Insurance Act to Expire Would Negatively Impact Workers' Compensation Insurance Markets

    May 7, 2014

    Without TRIA in place, employers perceived to be at high risk for terrorism might have to obtain workers' compensation coverage in markets of last resort, known as residual markets, which could charge higher premiums.

  • 'Cloud' System Could Help Navy Analysts Consume Expanding Ocean of Data

    May 5, 2014

    The Navy has a growing demand for intelligence to help Navy vessels avoid collisions, pinpoint targets, and perform other vital tasks. But the amount of data it may collect in the future is more than it can process today. “Cloud” strategies offer promising options.

  • Addressing Mexico's Violent Drug-Trafficking Organizations Will Require Coordinated Effort

    May 5, 2014

    Mexico is not like any other case characterized by “warlordism,” resource insurgency, ungoverned spaces, and organized crime. Despite the lack of a perfectly analogous case, Mexico stands to benefit from historical lessons from countries facing similar challenges.

  • The Promise and Potential Pitfalls of Expanding the Use of Telehealth

    May 1, 2014

    The growth of telehealth requires oversight to ensure that these new delivery models do three things: provide high-quality care, improve access to those who need it most, and are utilized in a cost-effective manner.

  • Early and School-Age Care in Santa Monica

    Apr 25, 2014

    Researchers examine how well Santa Monica's child care programs meet the needs of families, including child care and early education programs before kindergarten, as well as care for school-aged children, both during the school year and the summer.

  • Advancing Technical and Vocational Education and Training in Kurdistan

    Apr 24, 2014

    As the Kurdistan Region of Iraq develops rapidly, gaps have surfaced between the education and skills necessary for emerging jobs and those that employers perceive in local graduates. However, policymakers can respond in the short, medium, and long terms by implementing a number of new measures, particularly at the secondary level.

  • Health and Healthcare: Assessing the Real World Data Policy Landscape in Europe

    Apr 24, 2014

    To maximise Real-World Data potential and improve health outcomes and service delivery, stakeholders need to develop standards for data use and access. RAND Europe assessed the RWD landscape in Europe and explored options going forwards.

  • Current Infighting Will Test al Qaeda's Brand

    Apr 23, 2014

    Replacing one big al Qaeda with many smaller ones does not reduce the total number of terrorists but may reduce their overall strategic capability. For the U.S., the biggest opportunities may lie in countering al Qaeda's future recruitment and capitalizing on new sources of intelligence.

  • Increasing Numbers of U.S. Army Recruits Enlist Some Years After High School

    Apr 22, 2014

    More than half of all U.S. Army recruits are choosing to join later in life instead of immediately after high school graduation. Older recruits tend to reenlist and receive promotions at greater rates than their younger peers.

  • Healing Medical Product Innovation

    Apr 22, 2014

    Expensive new technology is a leading driver of health care spending increases. Encouraging the creation of technologies that could improve health and reduce spending—or that provide large-enough benefits to warrant any extra spending—could help turn the tide.

  • Evaluation of the Primary and Behavioral Health Care Integration (PBHCI) Grant Program

    Apr 21, 2014

    The PBHCI grant program aims to improve the wellness of people with serious mental illness by making primary health care available in community-based settings. Evaluation of strategies, processes, improvements, and outcomes revealed diverse programs serving great needs but with lower than expected enrollment.