Scenario discovery offers a new means to characterize and communicate the information in computer simulation models under conditions of deep uncertainty.
Half of adolescents' junk food consumption happens outside the home—and often among peers. Social network analysis shows that when it comes to eating junk food, adolescents follow their friends' lead.
In what ways, and to what degree are unmanned surface vehicles (USVs) suitable for supporting U.S. Navy missions and functions? This report briefly characterizes the current and emerging USV marketplaces to provide a baseline for near-term capabilities, describes USV concepts of employment to support diverse U.S. Navy missions and functions, and evaluates these concepts of employment to identify specific missions and functions for which they are highly suitable.
Implementing risk management principles for large defense acquisition programs is a priority for the U.S. defense acquisition community. RAND developed a methodology and accompanying Excel risk tool (the "Assessor Tool") to assist decisionmakers responsible for identifying major weapons programs' risks. The results offer an approach to the evaluation of system integration risk for assessors such as Office of the Secretary of Defense staff.
Implementing risk management principles for large defense acquisition programs is a priority for the U.S. defense acquisition community. To assist decisionmakers responsible for identifying major weapons programs' risks, RAND developed a methodology, an Excel risk tool (the "Assessor Tool"), and this users' manual. The tool offers an approach to the evaluation of system integration risk for defense staff assessors.
In this testimony before the California State Senate, Rajeev Ramchand discusses effective strategies for preventing suicide, the tenth leading cause of death in the state.
Many rural agricultural areas around the world are facing severely depleted groundwater resources, which farmers rely on for irrigation. This dissertation explores the changes that would follow a move to formalize water markets and establish tradable water rights.
Luck, serendipity, and longtime relationships fostered success in Haiti relief efforts, though actual performance is impossible to measure because metrics and plans were not in place before the earthquake hit. U.S. Department of Defense policy on humanitarian assistance and disaster relief needs to be updated.
The Internet of Things builds out from today’s Internet by creating a pervasive and self-organising network of connected, identifiable and addressable physical objects through the use of embedded chips. Several actions could inform a consistent European policy stance.
A new set of scenarios, referred to as Shared Socio-economic Pathways (SSPs), examines challenges to mitigation and challenges to adaptation. Developing SSPs with a "backwards" approach could help inform the development of SSPs to ensure the storylines focus on the driving forces most relevant to distinguishing between the SSPs.
Motion Imagery Processing and Exploitation (MIPE) systems aid analysts in the detection, identification, and tracking of objects of interest and activities of interest in live and archival video. This report defines and investigates the potential of MIPE systems, which can enable military intelligence analysts to respond to the current information deluge and exploit a wide range of motion imagery collections.
To make an impact on patient care within a 20-year timeframe, biomedical research funders and policymakers should focus resources on clinical rather than basic research, and support individuals who work across disciplinary boundaries and are motivated by patient need.
RAND Project AIR FORCE identified key conditions to aid the success of business transformation enabled by enterprise resource planning systems, challenges the Air Force must address to achieve them, and options for overcoming these challenges.
Some New York City residents may soon face sharp increases in their flood insurance premiums as a result of major changes occurring in the National Flood Insurance Program and the redrawing of flood maps that expand the areas at risk. Property owners in areas now deemed at highest risk may face increases of $5,000 to $10,000 annually.
What might one expect for the future of mobility in the U.S. in 2030? A six-step scenario development process resulted in two thought-provoking scenarios that address this question, and three key drivers differentiate the scenarios: the price of oil, the development of environmental regulation, and the amount of highway revenues and expenditures.
Providing on-site group cognitive behavior therapy to those receiving residential substance abuse treatment is a cost-effective way to treat depression.
Most medical research focuses on fighting individual disease. But delayed aging could boost life expectancy by more than two years and yield more than $7 trillion over 50 years. Greater investment in research to delay aging could be a very efficient way to prevent disease, improve public health, and extend healthy life.
Restaurants make changes to their menus regularly, but they may make both healthy and unhealthy changes simultaneously. Overall, there were no meaningful changes in average energy or sodium content in main entrées from top U.S. restaurant chains between 2010 and 2011.
The public acceptability of government interventions to change behavior is greatest for the least intrusive interventions, which are often the least effective, and for interventions targeting the behavior of others, rather than the respondent him or herself.
Managing homeland security risks involves balancing concerns about numerous types of accidents, disasters, and terrorist attacks. This research presents individuals' relative concerns about homeland security hazards and the attributes which influence those concerns.