Most medical research focuses on fighting individual disease. But delayed aging could boost life expectancy by more than two years and yield more than $7 trillion over 50 years. Greater investment in research to delay aging could be a very efficient way to prevent disease, improve public health, and extend healthy life.
Restaurants make changes to their menus regularly, but they may make both healthy and unhealthy changes simultaneously. Overall, there were no meaningful changes in average energy or sodium content in main entrées from top U.S. restaurant chains between 2010 and 2011.
The public acceptability of government interventions to change behavior is greatest for the least intrusive interventions, which are often the least effective, and for interventions targeting the behavior of others, rather than the respondent him or herself.
Managing homeland security risks involves balancing concerns about numerous types of accidents, disasters, and terrorist attacks. This research presents individuals' relative concerns about homeland security hazards and the attributes which influence those concerns.
When making complex decisions, researchers and policymakers often seek the input of many stakeholders and individuals with varied perspectives. ExpertLens is an online application developed by research and programming experts at the RAND Corporation to help achieve these goals easily and cost effectively.
Based on a systematic review of the historical data and policies for economic development zones in China, this dissertation creates a unique classification system for the development path of these zones and identified four distinct phases.
A new approach to measuring research and innovation performance uses patents by examining the trends in patent filings over time within organizations and within technology classes.
Factors related to the decision between educational investment and child labor include living in poverty, the opportunity cost of education (the child's wage), and the return to education.
Physical activity in public parks may help improve community health, but promoting it is difficult for local parks with limited budgets. Modest increases in signage, promotional items, and outreach in parks across Los Angeles boosted physical activity by 7 to 12 percent compared to parks that did not make changes.
The RAND Center for Middle East Public Policy (CMEPP) brings together analytic excellence and regional expertise from across the RAND Corporation to address the most critical political, social, and economic challenges facing the Middle East today.
Future U.S. Army Security Force Assistance missions, such as those envisioned for the U.S. Army's Regionally Aligned Forces, can benefit from the experience gained in Afghanistan as captured in this report.
Predicting the effects of climate policies on energy use and the economy requires understanding how they will affect innovation. This study helps fill research gaps by using the number of relevant academic journal articles published per month as a proxy for innovation in wind and solar energy.
Many objective robust decision making (MORDM) combines concepts and methods from many objective evolutionary optimization and robust decision making (RDM), along with extensive use of interactive visual analytics, to facilitate the management of complex environmental systems.
A broad range of board-level interventions—including having an empowered, independent Chief Ethics and Compliance Officer—could improve compliance and ethics oversight within the C-suite and better support transparency toward shareholders and employees.
Predictive policing is the use of analytical techniques to prevent crime or solve past crimes. An assessment of some of the most promising technical tools and tactical approaches offers recommendations for police and developers.
While numerous factors contribute to physician professional satisfaction, their perceptions about quality of care and the state of electronic health record technology are the most important.
While there is evidence of North Korean biological weapons, little is known with certainty about them and how North Korea would use them. Bruce Bennett addresses the nature of the potential North Korean biological weapon threat and how the ROK and United States should prepare to counter potential attacks.
The Army has developed an impressive capacity to adapt to emerging requirements by providing units with new capabilities rapidly and flexibly. While the readiness reporting system still works as originally intended, however, the current readiness reporting system captures only a portion of the adaptations readily seen in recent years.
Adolescents' perceptions of peer substance use grow significantly during their middle school years. These can affect current and future use. Early interventions that limit this influential factor may be appropriate during this developmental period.
Although fair value accounting was blamed by some as the primary cause of the 2008 financial crisis, this was probably not the case. Nevertheless, policymakers should be aware that both fair value and historical cost accounting sometimes can produce misleading information, resulting in both institutional and systemic risk.