Featured Research

  • Central Nervous System Diseases Are Becoming “Neglected” Diseases

    Dec 11, 2013

    Market forces are stacking the deck against development of drugs for common central nervous system disorders, such as Alzheimer's, schizophrenia, and depression. But policy changes could steer investment into drugs for these neglected diseases by reducing development cost and uncertainty and increasing expected revenue.

  • Using 'Mental Models' for Developing Risk Communications

    Dec 10, 2013

    An overview of the 'mental models' methodology of communicating focuses on each step in the initial approach and offers a discussion of four specific challenges that a practitioner may face when implementing the approach and strategies for addressing them.

  • Comparing Occupational Fatality Risks in the United States and United Kingdom

    Dec 10, 2013

    Although work fatality rates have declined in the U.S., fatality rates are much lower and have declined faster in recent years in the UK. Efforts to find out the reasons for the much better UK outcomes could be productive.

  • Contractors Who Worked in Conflict Zones Suffer High Rates of PTSD and Depression and Get Little Help

    Dec 10, 2013

    Private contractors who worked in Iraq, Afghanistan or other conflict environments over the past two years report suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder and depression more often than military personnel who served in recent conflicts. Relatively few get help either before or after deployment.

  • Implications of Future Technology Landscapes for Defense

    Dec 5, 2013

    To help the UK Ministry of Defence (MOD) assess and harness wider investment in relevant technology areas, researchers examine a growing volume of primarily civil technology that can both potentially impact and be exploited as defense and security capabilities.

  • Future Technology Landscapes: Insights, Analysis, and Implications for Defense

    Dec 5, 2013

    Given the growing volume of primarily civil technology that can both impact and be leveraged by defense and security capabilities, the UK Ministry of Defense sought insights into relevant future technology and innovation models.

  • Case Studies Explore Future Technology Landscapes

    Dec 5, 2013

    Case studies explore a growing volume of primarily civil technology that can both potentially impact and be exploited as UK defense and security capabilities.

  • The Posture Triangle: A New Framework for U.S. Air Force Global Presence

    Dec 5, 2013

    U.S. Air Force (USAF) global posture — its overseas forces, facilities, and arrangements with partner nations — faces a variety of fiscal, political, and military challenges. This report seeks to identify why the USAF needs a global posture, where it needs basing and access, the types of security partnerships that minimize peacetime access risk, and the amount of forward presence that the USAF requires.

  • How to Develop Home Visiting Programs

    Dec 4, 2013

    Home visiting has achieved prominence on the national policy agenda because of the long-lasting positive outcomes. But how can stakeholders best plan, implement, and evaluate home visiting programs?

  • Toward Integrated DoD Biosurveillance: Assessment and Opportunities

    Dec 4, 2013

    More near-real-time analysis and better internal and external integration could enhance the performance and value of the Department of Defense's biosurveillance programs. This study, conducted at the request of the Office of Management and Budget, finds that improvements are needed in key enablers, including funding.

  • Multiple Imputation Results in Efficiency Gains

    Dec 3, 2013

    Large efficiency gains and substantial reduction in omitted variable bias are demonstrated in an application to sociodemographic differences in the risk of child obesity estimated from two nationally representative cohort surveys.

  • Exposure of Youth to Online Alcohol Marketing

    Dec 3, 2013

    The rise in online marketing of alcohol, combined with the high use of social media websites by young people, suggests that web marketing is an area requiring further monitoring and regulation.

  • Strengthening the Shipbuilding Industry

    Dec 1, 2013

    The U.S. Navy and the shipbuilding industrial base on which it depends on are approaching a critical juncture. Unless the Navy and U.S. shipbuilders adopt an integrated set of broad management strategies the United States runs the risk of shortchanging its capabilities to design and produce naval warships for several generations.

  • New Approaches for Delivering Primary Care Could Reduce Predicted Physician Shortage

    Nov 27, 2013

    Growth of patient-centered medical homes and nurse-managed health centers could halve projected U.S. physician shortages by 2025—without training a single additional physician.

  • Managing Diverse Work Groups in the U.S. Coast Guard

    Nov 27, 2013

    Coast Guard leaders will benefit from specific training and guidance to bring out the best on a daily basis from work groups consisting of men and women of different ethnic, racial, and functional backgrounds.

  • Making an Economic Case for a Shift to Prevention

    Nov 26, 2013

    Some health issues, including preterm birth, unintentional injury, child obesity and certain child mental health problems, may cost less to prevent while also improving outcomes in later life.

  • Are Prisoners Serving Time or Wasting Time?

    Nov 26, 2013

    A comprehensive literature review enabled the examination of the association between correctional education and reductions in recidivism, improvements in employment upon release from prison, and the cost-effectiveness of correctional education.

  • RAND Review Examines Immigration, Defense Policies, the ACA, and Correctional Education

    Nov 26, 2013

    Stories in RAND's flagship journal discuss U.S. and Mexican immigration and labor reforms; British, French, and German defense policies in the face of austerity; seven ramifications of the Affordable Care Act; and the cost-effectiveness of correctional education programs.

  • Toppling Qaddafi: Libya and the Limits of Liberal Intervention

    Nov 25, 2013

    Toppling Qaddafi is a carefully researched, highly readable look at the role of the United States and NATO in Libya's war of liberation and its lessons for future military interventions. This book recounts the story of how the United States and its European allies went to war against Muammar Qaddafi in 2011, why they won the war, and what the implications for NATO, Europe, and Libya will be.

  • Understanding Risk for Inhalant Initiation Among Middle School Students

    Nov 22, 2013

    Interventions to prevent inhalant initiation should target sixth and seventh graders, address influence by family and peers, and provide skills training to improve drug refusal self-efficacy.