Featured Research

  • Social Protection During the Economic Crisis: How Do Changes to Benefits Systems Affect Children?

    Jun 12, 2014

    The economic crisis and its widespread effects have increased poverty and social exclusion risks, notably through cuts in public spending leading to underinvestment in child-focused policies. However, EU authorities increasingly realise that the austerity measures affecting the expenditure on early intervention and preventive policies may result in greater public spending in the future.

  • Understanding the Impact of Differential University Fees in England

    Jun 12, 2014

    Despite tuition of up to £9000 per year for higher education institutions in England, applications continue to rise. Aside from tuition fees, employment prospects, living expenses, university location, and course quality are important influences on prospective students' university choices.

  • Mapping Gender Gaps in Health Care

    Jun 11, 2014

    Mapping regional rates of cholesterol screening among patients with cardiovascular disease and diabetes reveals significant gender gaps: Women are often less likely to receive screenings.

  • The Days After a Deal with Iran: U.S. Policies of Hedging and Engaging

    Jun 10, 2014

    Is the emerging consensus on a set of policies toward Iran and U.S. regional partners the best approach? Or might these policies eliminate opportunities for the United States to alter the U.S.-Iran relationship — and potentially undercut support in Iran for the agreement?

  • The Days After a Deal with Iran

    Jun 10, 2014

    An analysis of the possible effects on Iranian foreign policy stemming from a final nuclear agreement between Iran and the P5+1 details Rouhani's likely hopes for a post-deal foreign policy, the domestic constraints on his goals, and how a final deal might affect Iran's relations with Saudi Arabia, Israel, Turkey, and the U.S.

  • Securing America's Ports

    Jun 4, 2014

    America's ports could be made more secure by improving the evaluation of port security programs; increasing the reliance on local risk assessments when awarding port security grants; and reconsidering the 100 percent container inspection mandate.

  • Increase in Jihadist Threat Calls for New U.S. Strategy to Combat Terrorism

    Jun 4, 2014

    Since 2010, there has been a 58 percent increase in the number of jihadist groups, a doubling of fighters, and a tripling of attacks by al Qaeda affiliates. The U.S. cannot afford to withdraw or remain disengaged from key parts of North Africa, the Middle East, or South Asia.

  • A Safe Way to Implement a Database of Satellite Anomalies

    Jun 2, 2014

    Satellite anomalies are malfunctions caused by solar particles, cosmic rays, or even space debris. A shared database could help identify solutions to prolong the lifetime of spacecraft that experience problems, and could be implemented in a way that would protect the privacy of the satellite operators.

  • The Effects of Moving to Permanent Dwellings on India's Working Poor

    May 30, 2014

    In India, low-cost housing projects like the Ashray Affordable Housing Pilot may help the working poor and their families improve their living conditions, while still allowing developers to recover their costs.

  • Measuring the Public Acceptability of Population-Level Interventions to Reduce Alcohol Consumption

    May 28, 2014

    Public acceptability influences policy action, but the most acceptable policies are not always the most effective. The findings of a discrete-choice experiment suggest that public acceptability of alcohol interventions is dependent on both the nature of the policy and its expected effectiveness. Policy-makers struggling to mobilise support for hitherto unpopular but promising policies should consider giving greater prominence to their expected outcomes.

  • U.S. Obesity Epidemic Affecting All Segments of the Nation

    May 22, 2014

    While some differences in weight are evident between groups based on race and education levels, all Americans have been getting fatter at about the same rate for 25 years, even with increases in leisure time, availability of fruit and vegetables, and exercise.

  • Building Resilient Communities: Spanish Translation

    May 20, 2014

    Emergency preparedness can get you through the first few days following a disaster. But how can your community bounce back over the long term? With disasters becoming more common and costly, and with some areas enduring multiple disasters, the importance of building community resilience has never been greater.

  • Improving Demographic Diversity in the U.S. Air Force Officer Corps

    May 20, 2014

    To what extent does the representation of women and racial and ethnic minorities in the Air Force match the make-up of the general population? Despite the Air Force's efforts, minority groups and women are underrepresented in the active-duty line officer population, particularly among senior leaders.

  • Ways to Build Partnerships in the Arab World

    May 14, 2014

    U.S. security assistance has largely been perceived in transactional terms, provided with the expectation that the partner nation will take some action in return that furthers U.S. interests in the region. Instead, security assistance should be seen in terms of building and sustaining relationships.

  • Innovative School Principal Development Program Demonstrates Positive Student Achievement Gains

    May 13, 2014

    Urban schools where principals received rigorous leadership training and support experienced larger gains in student achievement than schools led by principals who did not participate in the program. At the high school level, students in schools where the trained principal had three or more years of experience saw gains in reading achievement of about 3 percentile points.

  • How the New Leaders Principal-Preparation Program Impacts Student Achievement

    May 13, 2014

    Students at schools with principals trained by the New Leaders program had modestly larger achievement gains than those at schools led by non-New Leaders principals. However, the program's effects varied by district, with no clear patterns.

  • Four Ways to Foster Successful School Leadership

    May 8, 2014

    Principals are second only to teachers as the most important school factor affecting student achievement. States and school districts can help principals by implementing effective hiring practices, building high-quality evaluation systems, entrusting principals with autonomy, and providing resources and supports.

  • Allowing Terrorism Risk Insurance Act to Expire Would Negatively Impact Workers' Compensation Insurance Markets

    May 7, 2014

    Without TRIA in place, employers perceived to be at high risk for terrorism might have to obtain workers' compensation coverage in markets of last resort, known as residual markets, which could charge higher premiums.

  • 'Cloud' System Could Help Navy Analysts Consume Expanding Ocean of Data

    May 5, 2014

    The Navy has a growing demand for intelligence to help Navy vessels avoid collisions, pinpoint targets, and perform other vital tasks. But the amount of data it may collect in the future is more than it can process today. “Cloud” strategies offer promising options.

  • Addressing Mexico's Violent Drug-Trafficking Organizations Will Require Coordinated Effort

    May 5, 2014

    Mexico is not like any other case characterized by “warlordism,” resource insurgency, ungoverned spaces, and organized crime. Despite the lack of a perfectly analogous case, Mexico stands to benefit from historical lessons from countries facing similar challenges.