Featured Research

  • CERP Projects in Afghanistan Proved Effective

    Oct 13, 2016

    Projects under the Commander's Emergency Response Program in Afghanistan ranged from rehabilitating a local well to hydro dam and reservoir restoration. The U.S. military's ability to provide humanitarian relief and reconstruction services enhanced the operational effectiveness of its forces there.

  • The Costs of Reintroducing Border Controls in Europe

    Oct 13, 2016

    The Schengen Agreement in 1985 led to the end of border controls across 26 European nations. Reintroducing these controls would cost billions of euros in economic costs. Social and political costs would also be substantial.

  • Voters' Support for Key Issues Changed

    Oct 12, 2016

    Voters' opinions of both major-party candidates remain low, but their attitudes on two issues have shifted. Support for building a fence along the Mexican border has decreased while support for providing a legal way for illegal immigrants already in the United States to become citizens has increased.

  • As Anti-Access and Area Denial Capabilities Grow, U.S. Needs New Strategy

    Oct 12, 2016

    A U.S. military strategy based primarily on an ability to deploy troops anywhere will face greater costs and risks in critical regions by 2025. Why? Other nations will get better at denying access. The United States should embrace a multipronged strategy to prevent aggression.

  • Security Sector Reform in Ukraine

    Oct 5, 2016

    The 2014 Maidan revolution created an opportunity for change in a system that had resisted it for 25 years. The Ukrainian security establishment has progressed since then, but its efforts have been insufficient to address the threats now facing the nation.

  • To Educate or to Incarcerate: Examining Disparities in School Discipline

    Sep 30, 2016

    Several factors contribute to disparities in office referral, suspension, and expulsion in high schools. Helping students engage in school may protect against disproportionate school discipline.

  • Rethinking Russia's Threat to NATO

    Sep 30, 2016

    A series of wargames examined the probable outcome of a Russian invasion of the Baltic states. The wargames showed that a near-term Russian invasion could reach the Estonian and Latvian capitals in less than 60 hours.

  • American Voters Are United in Dissatisfaction with Their Choices

    Sep 28, 2016

    Clinton and Trump supporters disagree on many topics. But they are united in their dissatisfaction with the candidates. Data show that if Americans could vote against the candidates, many would do so.

  • Future Communications Technologies Could Strengthen Law Enforcement

    Sep 26, 2016

    A workshop with 41 experts on both law enforcement operations and broadband technologies identified needs for technology initiatives and how law enforcement could best use future capabilities while mitigating potential risks.

  • The Value of Overseas Security Commitments

    Sep 22, 2016

    U.S. overseas security commitments have positive and significant effects on both U.S. bilateral trade and non-U.S. global bilateral trade. If commitments were reduced, the economic costs from lost trade would be more than triple any associated savings in defense spending.

  • Fifteen Years After 9/11: A Preliminary Balance Sheet

    Sep 21, 2016

    Fifteen years after 9/11, the United States is better organized and equipped to combat terrorism. But the country still faces a multi-tiered threat, and its citizens remain fearful.

  • Cost of Cyber Incidents to American Companies Is Less Than Expected

    Sep 20, 2016

    Why don't American companies invest more in computer security? One possible explanation: Relative to the other risks they face, cyber risks often aren't as significant as expected. Most breaches cost companies less than 0.4 percent of their annual revenues.

  • Physicians with Waivers to Prescribe Buprenorphine for Opioid Addiction Have Capacity to Treat More Patients

    Sep 20, 2016

    Many American physicians who prescribe buprenorphine to treat individuals addicted to opioids are prescribing substantially below the patient limits allowed by law. More than 20 percent of waivered physicians treated only three or fewer patients.

  • Education Policies Can Help Migrant Children in EU

    Sep 16, 2016

    Building relationships between educators and parents of migrant children in the EU, and dedicating more resources to schools with a high concentration of migrants, may help redress disparities in educational outcomes.

  • Al Shabaab Is Weakened but Not Defeated in Somalia

    Sep 13, 2016

    Efforts to weaken the al Qa'ida-linked terrorist group al Shabaab in Somalia have had some success, but the U.S. campaign there is in jeopardy. Urgent steps are needed to address the political, economic, and governance challenges at the heart of the conflict.

  • Measuring the Costs of Crime Should Include Judicial Costs

    Sep 12, 2016

    When considering the costs of crime, policymakers and the public typically think about the price of housing prisoners, not the judicial costs. The costs to taxpayers of prosecuting, defending, and adjudicating crimes are part of the dollar impact, and can show the potential savings from crime prevention.

  • Which Countries Could Become Disease Hot Spots?

    Sep 12, 2016

    Identifying and focusing on vulnerable countries that could become hot spots for infectious disease could help in the fight against future outbreaks.

  • Clarifying the Rules for Using Drones in Targeted Killing

    Sep 8, 2016

    U.S. international legal policies involving the use of drones in targeted killing need more clarity, specificity, and consistency. Policymakers must define an approach that protects civilians and human rights, while allowing latitude to fight terrorism.

  • Summer Learning Programs Benefit Low-Income Urban Students

    Sep 7, 2016

    Low-income students lose ground in the summer relative to their wealthier peers. High-quality voluntary summer learning programs can help disadvantaged students catch up and succeed in school, but consistent attendance is crucial.

  • Scams Team Helps Tackle Mass Marketing Fraud

    Sep 1, 2016

    Mass marketing fraud affects all members of society, regardless of their age, class, occupation, socio-economic background, race, or gender. The National Trading Standards Scams Team is helping to reduce the impact of mass marketing fraud on consumers in England and Wales.