Featured Research

  • Chinese Engagement in Africa Is a Two-Way Dynamic

    Mar 12, 2014

    Most analyses of Chinese engagement in Africa present China's quest for oil and other natural resources as a single-minded focus that dominates the nation's policy toward the continent. But Chinese-African relations have a give-and-take dynamic in which Africans have driven China to change its approach.

  • Structural Genomics Consortium Offers Knowledge Platform for Drug Discovery

    Mar 10, 2014

    An independent evaluation of the Structural Genomics Consortium (SGC) examined the strengths and weaknesses of its efforts to support drug discovery efforts through a unique, open access model of public-private collaboration.

  • What America's Users Spend on Illegal Drugs

    Mar 10, 2014

    Each year, drug users in the U.S. spend about $100 billion on cocaine, heroin, marijuana, and methamphetamine. This has been stable over the decade, but there have been important shifts. In 2000, users spent much more on cocaine than marijuana; in 2010, the opposite was true.

  • How Big Is the U.S. Market for Illegal Drugs?

    Mar 10, 2014

    In order to think sensibly about illicit drug markets, policymakers need to have some idea of how big those markets are. This helps estimate revenues going to criminal organizations, improve treatment and prevention decisions, and evaluate drug policies.

  • Expiration of Terrorism Risk Insurance Act Could Hurt National Security

    Mar 6, 2014

    The current terrorism risk insurance act will expire in 2014 and Congress again is considering the appropriate government role in terrorism insurance markets. If the act expires and the take-up rate for terrorism insurance falls, then the U.S. would be less resilient to future terrorist attacks.

  • Evaluating Progress of the Statewide Student Mental Health Initiative in California

    Mar 6, 2014

    A coalition of California counties formed the Student Mental Health Initiative to target student mental health issues in K-12 schools and higher education. RAND evaluated first-year progress toward goals and objectives, as well as networking, collaboration, online resources, and training and educational programs.

  • Evaluating the Statewide Stigma and Discrimination Reduction Initiative in California

    Mar 5, 2014

    A coalition of California counties formed the Stigma and Discrimination Reduction Initiative to combat stigma and discrimination against people dealing with mental illness. RAND evaluated first-year progress toward program goals and objectives, as well as content, reach, and short- and long-term outcomes.

  • Promise of Value-Based Purchasing in Health Care Remains to Be Demonstrated

    Mar 4, 2014

    After a decade of experimentation with reforms that give health providers financial incentives to improve performance, relatively little is known about how to best execute such strategies or judge their success.

  • Evaluating Statewide Mental Health Prevention and Early Intervention in California

    Mar 4, 2014

    The California Mental Health Services Authority (CalMHSA) formed a statewide prevention and early intervention program to reduce adverse outcomes for people experiencing mental illness. Experts evaluated the program's first-year progress across three initiatives: suicide prevention, student mental health, and stigma and discrimination reduction.

  • How New Deeper Learning Tests Measure Up

    Mar 3, 2014

    English language arts and mathematics items from a group of nationally and internationally administered “deeper learning” tests were more cognitively demanding than previously studied state tests. Demand also varied by subject and item format. These and other findings provide a benchmark for comparing how well new tests assess deeper learning.

  • Early Education Plays Role in Bridging the 'Digital Divide'

    Mar 3, 2014

    Digital literacy plays an important role in a child's ability to succeed in school and later life. Incorporating technology into early childhood education help close the “digital divide” that separates low-income students and their more-advantaged peers.

  • Examining Physical Function and Mortality of Aging Taiwanese

    Mar 1, 2014

    The Survey of Health and Living Status of the Middle-Aged and Elderly in Taiwan measured difficulty with one or more of seven physical functions. A group-based trajectory model identified common trajectories.

  • Can New Tests Lead to Better Teaching and Deeper Learning?

    Feb 28, 2014

    New “deeper learning” tests tied to the Common Core State Standards could improve teaching practice. Tests that mirror high-quality instruction, that are part of a systemic change effort, and that are accompanied by training and support to help teachers interpret and use test scores effectively could have the best chance at positive impact.

  • 'Small Footprint' Counterinsurgency Strategies Work Best with Narrow Range of Partners

    Feb 26, 2014

    Future U.S. efforts should focus on finding areas of agreement with partner nations and possibly convening networks of people in those nations who can implement changes and then providing the necessary resources and technical expertise.

  • The Monetary Costs of Dementia in the United States

    Feb 26, 2014

    The average annual market cost attributable to dementia is estimated to be $28,501: $13,900 for nursing-home care, $6,200 for out-of-pocket expenditure, and $5,700 for formal home care; Medicare spent $2,700 of the total.

  • Limited Quality Improvement and No Cost Containment Found in a Medical Home Demonstration

    Feb 25, 2014

    A three-year pilot of a “medical home” model of primary care yielded few improvements in the quality of care and no reductions in hospitalizations, emergency department visits, or total costs of care.

  • Tools Can Help Policymakers Increase Coastal Resilience to Rising Seas and Storm Surge

    Feb 21, 2014

    Two key analytic tools can be used to evaluate how coastal protection and restoration decisions made now will play out over time, even given an uncertain future. For example, a community weighing whether to implement a marsh-building project can see how the project fares against different rates of rising sea levels over time.

  • Prison-Based Education Declined During Economic Downturn

    Feb 18, 2014

    Large states cut spending on prison education programs by an average of 10 percent between the 2009 and 2012 fiscal years, while medium-sized states cut spending by 20 percent. While the drop appears to have resulted from budget cuts prompted by the economic downturn, evidence suggests that the curtailment of prison education could increase prison system costs in the longer term.

  • Regulating Quality and Safety of Health and Social Care

    Feb 13, 2014

    Many Western countries have health and social care standards but implement and apply these standards in different ways. Different regulatory mechanisms and policy instruments encourage and ensure continuous quality improvement.

  • Evaluating Statewide Prevention and Early Intervention Initiatives in California

    Feb 11, 2014

    The California Mental Health Services Authority formed a statewide prevention and early intervention program to reduce adverse outcomes for people experiencing mental illness. RAND evaluated first-year progress toward program goals and objectives, as well as resources, capacities, and short- and long-term activities.