Featured Research

  • Adolescent Alcohol and Marijuana Use Predicts Poor Academic Performance and Health Problems

    Jun 14, 2016

    Adolescents who use both marijuana and alcohol are more likely to have poor academic performance and mental health during high school. Marijuana use is predictive of poorer functioning across more areas than alcohol use, and nonwhite youth tend to experience poorer functioning than white youth.

  • Centrally Assisted Telecare for Military Members with PTSD and Depression

    Jun 13, 2016

    Military members who visited a primary care clinic while suffering from PTSD and depression reported fewer symptoms and better mental health functioning a year after enrolling in a treatment program that included specially trained care managers and telephone therapy options.

  • Current and Future Risks of Inadvertent U.S.-Russian Nuclear War

    Jun 9, 2016

    Understanding how miscalculations and misperceptions can lead to the use of nuclear weapons is an important step toward reducing the probability of an inadvertent nuclear conflict between the United States and Russia.

  • Decentralization of Governance Could Help Syria

    Jun 7, 2016

    With the international community trying to bring peace to Syria, decentralization of governance could be part of the solution. Devolution of authority to localities could help lower the stakes of the conflict and provide security to Syrians who have lost trust in the state.

  • How Commercial Tech Can Affect Military Intelligence Operations

    Jun 6, 2016

    Commercial technologies such as smartphones are primarily about identifying and tracking people and patterns of behavior. Their presence is greatest in urban environments. This happens to be where most military intelligence operations are conducted and where most future insurgencies and wars are likely to take place.

  • Improving Teaching Effectiveness

    Jun 6, 2016

    The Intensive Partnerships for Effective Teaching initiative seeks to determine whether a school can implement a high-quality measure of teaching effectiveness and use it to support and manage teachers in ways that improve student outcomes. The reforms are showing signs of progress in seven sites.

  • Technological Lessons from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident

    Jun 1, 2016

    How was technology used to address the 2011 Fukushima nuclear power plant accident in Japan? Lessons from this event can help inform preparation for and response to future emergencies.

  • Russia, China, and Iran Use Measures Short of War to Further Strategic Ends Against the U.S.

    May 31, 2016

    The United States will have to address the problems of foreign intervention and threats short of war if it is to prevent further erosion of its global influence by its competitors. Policymakers and the military services should consider ways to better identify, forestall, and counteract the use of measures short of war against U.S. and allied interests.

  • Are Principals Getting the Support They Need?

    May 26, 2016

    A nationally representative sample of principals reported having some form of on-the-job support available during the past school year, but less than a third indicated their district provided a combination of regular supervisory communication, mentoring, and at least one day of professional development.

  • How Does Income Inequality Impact Opportunity?

    May 23, 2016

    Rising income inequality can affect outcomes for children of parents with lower incomes by limiting their opportunities. Understanding the extent to which inequalities in opportunity and outcomes are related can help determine which policies have the most potential to level the playing field.

  • 10 FAQs About Veterans' Transitions to Civilian Life

    May 23, 2016

    The transition from military service to the civilian world can be challenging, especially for veterans with no prior civilian work experience and those with injuries or disabilities. A decade of research addressing these veterans' issues is summarized in ten questions and answers.

  • Middle School Intervention Program Leads to Long-Term BMI Reduction

    May 23, 2016

    A five-week obesity prevention program helped obese seventh grade students lose weight over a long-term period. The average reduction in body mass index two years later when they entered high school translated into about nine pounds lower bodyweight.

  • Foundations of the Islamic State

    May 18, 2016

    A thorough examination of the Islamic State's history and practices is useful for designing a coordinated and effective campaign against it — and for understanding why the group might be able to survive such an effort and sustain itself in the future.

  • What Is the Private Sector's Role in Supporting Disaster Recovery?

    May 18, 2016

    The scope and scale of disasters are changing. This has altered how disaster management and financing are addressed. Businesses and nonprofits are increasingly central to the process, supporting immediate disaster response and contributing redevelopment funding that supports community recovery.

  • First National Survey of Neighborhood Parks Shows Low Use by Adults, Seniors and Females

    May 18, 2016

    Although it is critically important for adults and seniors to engage in physical activity, most neighborhood parks have few programmed activities targeted to those groups. Adding enhancements such as walking loops could attract more visitors.

  • Fostering Innovation in the U.S. Court System

    May 17, 2016

    The court system needs innovation to adapt to today's challenges and respond to new opportunities. Identifying high-priority needs provides a menu of innovation options for addressing key problems or capitalizing on emerging opportunities.

  • Southern California Middle School Students Exposed to More Than Three Alcohol Ads Each Day

    May 17, 2016

    African American and Hispanic youths are exposed to an average of 4.1 and 3.4 alcohol ads per day respectively, while white youths are exposed to an average of two ads per day. Greater restrictions on alcohol advertising outdoors and on television should be considered.

  • Innovation in the United States Air Force

    May 13, 2016

    An assessment of historical cases of Air Force innovation — or apparent failure to innovate — sheds light on whether the service is sufficiently innovative today and what can be done to make it more innovative for the future.

  • Racial and Ethnic Differences in Mental Illness Stigma and Discrimination

    May 10, 2016

    Regardless of race or ethnicity, the majority of California adults experiencing mental health challenges believe that people with a mental illness encounter high levels of prejudice and discrimination. In many domains, Asian-Americans and Latinos held more negative views of mental illness.

  • Private Health Insurance Exchanges: Early Evidence and Implications for the Future

    May 9, 2016

    To date, enrollment in the private health insurance exchanges is low, and there is not enough evidence to determine whether they will become prominent in the insurance market and how they will affect employers and their employees.