Many Western countries have health and social care standards but implement and apply these standards in different ways. Different regulatory mechanisms and policy instruments encourage and ensure continuous quality improvement.
The California Mental Health Services Authority formed a statewide prevention and early intervention program to reduce adverse outcomes for people experiencing mental illness. RAND evaluated first-year progress toward program goals and objectives, as well as resources, capacities, and short- and long-term activities.
A coalition of California counties formed the Student Mental Health Initiative to target student mental health issues in K-12 schools and higher education. RAND evaluated the initiative's first-year activities, reach, and outcomes.
A coalition of California counties formed the Stigma and Discrimination Reduction Initiative to combat stigma and discrimination against people dealing with mental illness. RAND evaluated the initiative's first-year activities, reach, and outcomes.
A coalition of California counties formed the Suicide Prevention Initiative to improve crisis response, access to care, community awareness and programs for individuals at risk of suicide. RAND evaluated the initiative's first-year activities, reach, and outcomes.
Compared to their peers, children with autism spectrum disorders have higher annual costs for health care appointments and prescriptions ($3,000 on average) and non-health care costs ($17,000 on average), such as special education at school. Previous analyses underestimated this economic burden, particularly for school systems.
The RAND Suicide Prevention Program Evaluation Toolkit draws from the scientific literature to guide evaluations of suicide prevention programs. This report is a companion to the toolkit and provides background on its development and testing.
The RAND Suicide Prevention Program Evaluation Toolkit translates scientific research on suicide prevention to help program staff assess whether their programs produce beneficial effects and identify needed improvements.
Infections that strike patients are one of the most preventable leading causes of death in the United States. A federally sponsored plan to lower health care-acquired infections was successful in addressing the challenges of prioritizing and coordinating strategies.
U.S. policymakers should be concerned about the number, size, and activity of al Qa'ida and other Salafi-jihadist groups. Some of these groups pose a direct threat to the U.S. homeland, embassies, and citizens overseas, while others are currently targeting local regimes.
People who are younger, more affluent and do not have established health care relationships are more likely to use a telemedicine program that allows patients to get medical help — including prescriptions — by talking to a doctor over the telephone.
The care that women receive for cardiovascular disease (CVD) lag behind those of men, despite the fact that more women have died from CVD each year for decades. Experts explain CVD within the context of women's health, outlining possible solutions for improving quality of care.
A series of proposals that would substitute lower-cost treatments for higher cost interventions and that promote greater patient safety could save the U.S. health care system $13 to $22 billion per year.
Achieving interoperability among systems is instrumental to enabling critical functions, so it is important to understand what parties have authority to issue policy that governs the facets of interoperability.
If the North Korean government were to suddenly collapse, the consequences could jeopardize regional security in Northeast Asia and undermine U.S. interests. Preparation is needed now to convince the North Korean elites and others that South Korea-led unification in the aftermath of a collapse will be in their interests.
Opportunities exist to gain efficiencies in the global military medical logistics enterprise without sacrificing capability, notably through minimizing intermediate materiel handling, seeking the greatest value from commercial freight, and streamlining warehouse operations.
Researchers explored whether intolerance has risen more in some countries than others, whether it has risen more against particular groups, if such attitudes are particularly prevalent among subgroups of the population and if there are clear patterns of association with trends in wider political, social, economic and cultural factors.
The perception that intolerance is rising in Western Europe is widely shared. Researchers sought empirical evidence of high-level trends in intolerant attitudes and found strong evidence of association between intolerant attitudes and various economic, demographic, socio-political and cultural factors.
Incorporating different service requirements in a single joint aircraft design can lead to greater program complexity, increased technical risk, and weight in excess of what an individual service needs.