Featured Research

  • Workshops Develop Community-Driven Strategies for Use of ARVs to Prevent HIV

    Mar 27, 2014

    To consider recent developments in ARV-based HIV prevention strategies, Mapping Pathways held Knowledge Exchange Workshops in three U.S. cities. The workshops devised future scenarios and potential tailored strategies using stakeholders' knowledge alongside the project results.

  • Black Markets for Hackers Are Increasingly Sophisticated, Specialized, and Maturing

    Mar 25, 2014

    Black and gray markets for computer hacking tools, services, and byproducts such as stolen credit card numbers continue to expand, creating an increasing threat to businesses, governments, and individuals.

  • Improving Public Resource Allocation for Care and Prevention of HIV/AIDS

    Mar 21, 2014

    Public health agencies face difficult decisions which are often made with few local empirical data. The robust decision making approach is data driven and allows decisionmakers to compare various HIV/AIDS intervention strategies across thousands of simulated future scenarios.

  • Improving Interagency Information Sharing Using Technology Demonstrations

    Mar 20, 2014

    New and innovative intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance technologies developed by the U.S. Department of Defense for the military could also be used by the Department of Homeland Security and the Drug Enforcement Administration to help secure the southern U.S. border.

  • Assessing Security Cooperation as a Preventive Tool

    Mar 20, 2014

    Based on an analysis of security cooperation (SC) data and state fragility scores for 107 countries in 1991-2008, a correlation is described between provision of SC by the United States and a reduction in partner state fragility.

  • Improving Continuity of Care for Elderly Patients with Chronic Diseases Cuts Costs and Complications

    Mar 17, 2014

    Among a large group of Medicare patients, even modest improvements in the continuity of care for those with diabetes, congestive heart failure, or emphysema were associated with sizable reductions in use of hospital emergency departments and hospitalizations.

  • Libya Needs More International Support

    Mar 17, 2014

    The international community's limited approach to post-conflict stabilization of Libya has left the nation struggling and on the brink of civil war. The essential tasks of establishing security, building political and administrative institutions, and restarting the economy were left almost entirely up to Libya's new leaders. No international forces were deployed to keep the peace, in contrast with NATO interventions in Bosnia, Kosovo, and Afghanistan.

  • Democracy in Afghanistan: The 2014 Election and Beyond

    Mar 12, 2014

    Afghanistan's April 5th presidential election is the most important political event in the country's decade-long transition to democracy. A successful election would be a major blow to the Taliban and al Qaida, and would renew Afghan efforts to bring the war to a favorable conclusion. The international community should recognize that Afghanistan deserves support to get through the process.

  • Chinese Engagement in Africa Is a Two-Way Dynamic

    Mar 12, 2014

    Most analyses of Chinese engagement in Africa present China's quest for oil and other natural resources as a single-minded focus that dominates the nation's policy toward the continent. But Chinese-African relations have a give-and-take dynamic in which Africans have driven China to change its approach.

  • Structural Genomics Consortium Offers Knowledge Platform for Drug Discovery

    Mar 10, 2014

    An independent evaluation of the Structural Genomics Consortium (SGC) examined the strengths and weaknesses of its efforts to support drug discovery efforts through a unique, open access model of public-private collaboration.

  • What America's Users Spend on Illegal Drugs

    Mar 10, 2014

    Each year, drug users in the U.S. spend about $100 billion on cocaine, heroin, marijuana, and methamphetamine. This has been stable over the decade, but there have been important shifts. In 2000, users spent much more on cocaine than marijuana; in 2010, the opposite was true.

  • How Big Is the U.S. Market for Illegal Drugs?

    Mar 10, 2014

    In order to think sensibly about illicit drug markets, policymakers need to have some idea of how big those markets are. This helps estimate revenues going to criminal organizations, improve treatment and prevention decisions, and evaluate drug policies.

  • Expiration of Terrorism Risk Insurance Act Could Hurt National Security

    Mar 6, 2014

    The current terrorism risk insurance act will expire in 2014 and Congress again is considering the appropriate government role in terrorism insurance markets. If the act expires and the take-up rate for terrorism insurance falls, then the U.S. would be less resilient to future terrorist attacks.

  • Evaluating Progress of the Statewide Student Mental Health Initiative in California

    Mar 6, 2014

    A coalition of California counties formed the Student Mental Health Initiative to target student mental health issues in K-12 schools and higher education. RAND evaluated first-year progress toward goals and objectives, as well as networking, collaboration, online resources, and training and educational programs.

  • Evaluating the Statewide Stigma and Discrimination Reduction Initiative in California

    Mar 5, 2014

    A coalition of California counties formed the Stigma and Discrimination Reduction Initiative to combat stigma and discrimination against people dealing with mental illness. RAND evaluated first-year progress toward program goals and objectives, as well as content, reach, and short- and long-term outcomes.

  • Promise of Value-Based Purchasing in Health Care Remains to Be Demonstrated

    Mar 4, 2014

    After a decade of experimentation with reforms that give health providers financial incentives to improve performance, relatively little is known about how to best execute such strategies or judge their success.

  • Evaluating Statewide Mental Health Prevention and Early Intervention in California

    Mar 4, 2014

    The California Mental Health Services Authority (CalMHSA) formed a statewide prevention and early intervention program to reduce adverse outcomes for people experiencing mental illness. Experts evaluated the program's first-year progress across three initiatives: suicide prevention, student mental health, and stigma and discrimination reduction.

  • How New Deeper Learning Tests Measure Up

    Mar 3, 2014

    English language arts and mathematics items from a group of nationally and internationally administered “deeper learning” tests were more cognitively demanding than previously studied state tests. Demand also varied by subject and item format. These and other findings provide a benchmark for comparing how well new tests assess deeper learning.

  • Early Education Plays Role in Bridging the 'Digital Divide'

    Mar 3, 2014

    Digital literacy plays an important role in a child's ability to succeed in school and later life. Incorporating technology into early childhood education help close the “digital divide” that separates low-income students and their more-advantaged peers.

  • Examining Physical Function and Mortality of Aging Taiwanese

    Mar 1, 2014

    The Survey of Health and Living Status of the Middle-Aged and Elderly in Taiwan measured difficulty with one or more of seven physical functions. A group-based trajectory model identified common trajectories.