Featured Research

  • Multiple Imputation Results in Efficiency Gains

    Dec 3, 2013

    Large efficiency gains and substantial reduction in omitted variable bias are demonstrated in an application to sociodemographic differences in the risk of child obesity estimated from two nationally representative cohort surveys.

  • Exposure of Youth to Online Alcohol Marketing

    Dec 3, 2013

    The rise in online marketing of alcohol, combined with the high use of social media websites by young people, suggests that web marketing is an area requiring further monitoring and regulation.

  • Strengthening the Shipbuilding Industry

    Dec 1, 2013

    The U.S. Navy and the shipbuilding industrial base on which it depends on are approaching a critical juncture. Unless the Navy and U.S. shipbuilders adopt an integrated set of broad management strategies the United States runs the risk of shortchanging its capabilities to design and produce naval warships for several generations.

  • New Approaches for Delivering Primary Care Could Reduce Predicted Physician Shortage

    Nov 27, 2013

    Growth of patient-centered medical homes and nurse-managed health centers could halve projected U.S. physician shortages by 2025—without training a single additional physician.

  • Managing Diverse Work Groups in the U.S. Coast Guard

    Nov 27, 2013

    Coast Guard leaders will benefit from specific training and guidance to bring out the best on a daily basis from work groups consisting of men and women of different ethnic, racial, and functional backgrounds.

  • Making an Economic Case for a Shift to Prevention

    Nov 26, 2013

    Some health issues, including preterm birth, unintentional injury, child obesity and certain child mental health problems, may cost less to prevent while also improving outcomes in later life.

  • Are Prisoners Serving Time or Wasting Time?

    Nov 26, 2013

    A comprehensive literature review enabled the examination of the association between correctional education and reductions in recidivism, improvements in employment upon release from prison, and the cost-effectiveness of correctional education.

  • RAND Review Examines Immigration, Defense Policies, the ACA, and Correctional Education

    Nov 26, 2013

    Stories in RAND's flagship journal discuss U.S. and Mexican immigration and labor reforms; British, French, and German defense policies in the face of austerity; seven ramifications of the Affordable Care Act; and the cost-effectiveness of correctional education programs.

  • Toppling Qaddafi: Libya and the Limits of Liberal Intervention

    Nov 25, 2013

    Toppling Qaddafi is a carefully researched, highly readable look at the role of the United States and NATO in Libya's war of liberation and its lessons for future military interventions. This book recounts the story of how the United States and its European allies went to war against Muammar Qaddafi in 2011, why they won the war, and what the implications for NATO, Europe, and Libya will be.

  • Understanding Risk for Inhalant Initiation Among Middle School Students

    Nov 22, 2013

    Interventions to prevent inhalant initiation should target sixth and seventh graders, address influence by family and peers, and provide skills training to improve drug refusal self-efficacy.

  • What Security Cooperation Mechanisms Do Combatant Commands Utilize to Build Partner Capacity?

    Nov 22, 2013

    Security cooperation with allies and partner countries is an important instrument of the U.S. government for advancing national security objectives. This report characterizes security cooperation mechanisms for capacity-building, produces a detailed database of the mechanism elements, develops and applies a preliminary means of evaluating select mechanisms, and recommends ways to improve mechanism effectiveness and efficiency.

  • Assessment of the Air Force Materiel Command Reorganization

    Nov 21, 2013

    One challenge of the FY12 Air Force Material Command (AFMC) reorganization was to eliminate civilian manpower positions with minimal, if any, impact on its assigned missions. This report for Congress assesses five elements of this reorganization.

  • The Role of Terrorism and Terror in Syria's Civil War

    Nov 20, 2013

    The growing role of jihadist elements, with their numbers increasing through the recruitment of foreign fighters and defections from other rebel groups, has divided the Syrian rebel movement and discouraged anti-Assad governments in the West from providing significant military support.

  • Understanding Differences in Spending Change at Retirement

    Nov 20, 2013

    Spending declines at small rates at retirement, rates that could be explained by mechanisms such as the cessation of work-related expenses, unexpected retirement due to a health shock or by the substitution of time for spending.

  • Copenhagen Area Transport Model Extended to Enable Congestion Charging

    Nov 20, 2013

    To assess congestion charging policies where the charge varies according to the time of day, the Ørestad Transport Model (OTM) for the Greater Copenhagen area has been extended to predict the choice of time of travel for car drivers.

  • Influence of Pro-Smoking Media Messages Can Last for Seven Days

    Nov 18, 2013

    College students documented their exposure to pro-smoking media messages during their normal routine over a three-week period. After exposure to just one, their smoking intentions immediately increased by an average of 22 percent. Smoking intentions decreased with each passing day but remained elevated for seven days.

  • Examining Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care

    Nov 18, 2013

    Although Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRCs) do not, by themselves, have the remit or resources to bring about wholesale service improvement in health care, they do have features that would allow them to play a key role in some of the wider initiatives that encourage innovation.

  • Emerging Strategies in Mileage-Based User Fees to Reduce Costs and Increase Acceptance

    Nov 18, 2013

    This paper presents a review of promising mileage-fee design and implementation strategies intended to reduce system costs and foster greater public acceptance.

  • Who Has Gotten Ahead After the Fall of Communism?

    Nov 18, 2013

    In the Czech Republic, the former "nomenklatura cadres" are able to maintain their advantageous positions in the income hierarchy, mainly because they possess "human capital" and can effectively convert "social capital," accumulated during the communist regime, into economic capital.

  • Assessing Economic Preparation for Retirement

    Nov 18, 2013

    It is important to assess economic preparation for retirement in a way that addresses many of the deficiencies of the income replacement rate concept.