Featured Research

  • Previously Removed Immigrants Are More Likely to Be Rearrested After Leaving Jail

    Dec 16, 2014

    Unauthorized immigrants who previously have been removed from the United States are more than 2.5 times more likely to be rearrested after leaving jail, and are likely to be rearrested much more frequently than those who have never been removed.

  • Students Who Attended Summer Learning Programs Gained an Advantage in Math

    Dec 16, 2014

    Summer learning loss disproportionately affects low-income students and therefore likely contributes to the achievement gap between these students and their higher-income peers. Students who attended voluntary, school district-led summer learning programs in five urban areas began the academic year with stronger math skills than their peers who did not attend.

  • The Economic Costs of Antimicrobial Resistance

    Dec 11, 2014

    More and more bacterial and viral infections are resistant to antimicrobial drugs. But no new classes of antibiotics have entered the market for more than 25 years. Researchers estimate that failing to address this issue will mean a lower world population in 2050 than expected and at least $2 trillion in lost global GDP.

  • Lessons Learned from Implementing Infrastructure Resilience Guidelines

    Dec 9, 2014

    The Presidential Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force developed guidelines to ensure that federal agencies incorporate key principles of resilience into their formulation, evaluation, and prioritization of infrastructure investments related to Sandy rebuilding. An initial assessment of the implementation of the guidelines identifies opportunities and challenges.

  • Improved Access May Not Be the Key to Addressing Food Deserts

    Dec 9, 2014

    As part of the ongoing battle to fight obesity in the U.S., current policies are aimed at improving access to healthy foods, especially in neighborhoods designated as food deserts. However, research indicates proximity to full-service supermarkets was unrelated to weight or dietary quality.

  • The Changing Role of Criminal Law in Controlling Corporate Behavior

    Dec 9, 2014

    What should be the role of criminal law in controlling corporate behavior? Researchers measure the current use of criminal sanctions in controlling corporate behavior and offer suggestions about how doing so might be improved.

  • What to Make of Percent Plans, Automatic Admissions, and College Outcomes

    Dec 8, 2014

    Attending a selective college is seen as a way for students to gain access to opportunities that are otherwise difficult to obtain. The Texas Top Ten Percent Plan is intended to increase this access, especially for students in underserved populations, but research shows that gaps still exist in selective college attendance and completion by race and socioeconomic status.

  • Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment in the U.S. Military

    Dec 4, 2014

    Senior Behavioral Scientists Andrew Morral and Kristie Gore present initial top-line estimates from the 2014 RAND Military Workplace Study, an independent assessment of sexual assault, sexual harassment, and gender discrimination in the military.

  • Initial Results from Major Survey of Sexual Assault, Sexual Harassment

    Dec 4, 2014

    The DoD asked RAND to conduct an independent assessment of sexual assault and sexual harassment in the military. Among the initial results of the study, which invited more than 500,000 service members to participate: approximately 20,000 of the U.S. military's 1.3 million active-duty members experienced a sexual assault in the past year.

  • Supporting Military and Veteran Caregivers Should Be a National Priority

    Dec 3, 2014

    Honoring and serving our current and former members of the armed forces, particularly through periods of illness or when recovering from injuries, requires that we attend to their family members and friends who provide the care that is critical to keeping them alive and thriving.

  • The Role of Maritime and Air Power in the DoD's Third Offset Strategy

    Dec 2, 2014

    Russia and China have been investing in military modernization programs to blunt the U.S. military's technological edge, fielding advanced aircraft, submarines, and both longer range and more accurate missiles. The DoD's Third Offset Strategy is a much-needed initiative to identify and invest in innovative ways to sustain and advance America's military dominance for the 21st century.

  • China and U.S. Can Reduce the Risk of War by Learning from History's Blunders

    Dec 2, 2014

    The history of wars caused by misjudgments reveals that leaders relied on cognitive models, or simplified representations of their worlds, that were seriously at odds with objective reality. China and the U.S. could learn from historical strategic blunders regarding war and peace, and four examples of decisions that turned out well.

  • Measuring the Contribution of Public Parks to Physical Activity and Health

    Dec 2, 2014

    As important venues for physical activity, public parks contribute to the health and well-being of surrounding communities. The System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC), a reliable and easy-to-use tool, enables park administrators to quantify park use and park-based physical activity.

  • Health Information Exchanges Show Promise, but More Work Is Needed to Realize Greater Benefits

    Dec 1, 2014

    Health information exchanges show some evidence of reducing emergency department costs and usage, but since only a few have been evaluated, there is not enough evidence to say whether or not they are on track as a potential solution to the problem of fragmented health care delivery in the U.S.

  • What Does it Take to Transform An Urban School System?

    Nov 21, 2014

    Meeting proficiency standards, reducing the dropout rate, and preparing students to attend and succeed in college are common goals among school districts. The School Change Initiative and New Haven Promise Scholarship Program have generated promising outcomes for the New Haven Public School District, but opportunities to improve remain.

  • Assessing the Value of Mounted Police Units in the UK

    Nov 19, 2014

    Research in the UK shows demonstrable and measurable value of mounted police in various deployment scenarios, but the decision to maintain, expand or cut mounted capacity must be based on the priorities a police force sets within limited and contracting budgets.

  • When Jihadis Come Marching Home

    Nov 18, 2014

    Although the numbers of Westerners slipping off to join the jihadist fronts in Syria and Iraq are murky, U.S. counterterrorism officials believe that those fighters pose a clear and present danger to American security.

  • Measuring and Retaining the U.S. Army's Deployment Experience

    Nov 18, 2014

    The Army has contributed the bulk of deployed U.S. troops since 9/11, and has accrued substantial deployment experience. How can the U.S. prevent experience from being lost as combat operations conclude, soldiers separate from service, and Regular Army endstrength is reduced?

  • Improving Family Engagement in Early Childhood Education Through Technology

    Nov 17, 2014

    Technology may afford new opportunities to improve early childhood education outcomes by empowering families to become better educators at home, and strengthening the connection and communication between school and home.

  • Countering ISIL's Financing

    Nov 13, 2014

    Stolen oil, extortion revenue, and access to international financial systems have enabled ISIL to build wealth. Helping Iraq and regional partners target financial facilitators and local revenue sources can reverse ISIL funding.