Featured Research

  • Mapping Diasporas in the European Union and United States

    Dec 29, 2014

    Diaspora communities generally fare better in the U.S. and Europe than those who remained in their countries of origin, but not as well as U.S. and European nationals. Policymakers and others seeking to engage with diaspora groups may benefit from eight recommendations developed through a synthesis of quantitative mapping and analysis of engagement strategies and diaspora survey results.

  • Telemedicine Can Lower Costs and Improve Quality and Convenience of Care

    Dec 23, 2014

    The greatest potential for effective and efficient use of telemedicine services lies in the use of emerging payment models. However, expanding existing fee-for-service payment models to include telemedicine may lead to its overuse.

  • Options for Australia's Next Generation of Naval Surface Combatants

    Dec 22, 2014

    Researchers answer questions regarding ship design and build options available to the Royal Australia Navy; various phases, options, and decisions; and aspects that can contribute to the success of Australia's major ship acquisition program.

  • Two Strategies Make the Grade in Helping Kids Get Healthier

    Dec 19, 2014

    Schools use a number of strategies to increase students' physical activity—before- and after-school programs, extended PE classes, and short activity breaks—but does their impact outweigh their costs? Two strategies proved superior in terms of reach and cost per student.

  • A Look at Marijuana Expectations, Use, and Consequences Among At-Risk Adolescents

    Dec 19, 2014

    Youth with depressive symptoms who believe marijuana will lead to positive effects are more likely to experience negative consequences of use, such as missing school or work or having difficulty concentrating.

  • Using Existing Data to Improve QRIS Effectiveness

    Dec 16, 2014

    Through a "virtual pilot" of California's proposed quality rating and improvement system (QRIS), policymakers received valuable data to inform its design—potentially improving the effectiveness of evaluating early childhood education programs in the state.

  • Previously Removed Immigrants Are More Likely to Be Rearrested After Leaving Jail

    Dec 16, 2014

    Unauthorized immigrants who previously have been removed from the United States are more than 2.5 times more likely to be rearrested after leaving jail, and are likely to be rearrested much more frequently than those who have never been removed.

  • Students Who Attended Summer Learning Programs Gained an Advantage in Math

    Dec 16, 2014

    Summer learning loss disproportionately affects low-income students and therefore likely contributes to the achievement gap between these students and their higher-income peers. Students who attended voluntary, school district-led summer learning programs in five urban areas began the academic year with stronger math skills than their peers who did not attend.

  • The Economic Costs of Antimicrobial Resistance

    Dec 11, 2014

    More and more bacterial and viral infections are resistant to antimicrobial drugs. But no new classes of antibiotics have entered the market for more than 25 years. Researchers estimate that failing to address this issue will mean a lower world population in 2050 than expected and at least $2 trillion in lost global GDP.

  • Lessons Learned from Implementing Infrastructure Resilience Guidelines

    Dec 9, 2014

    The Presidential Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force developed guidelines to ensure that federal agencies incorporate key principles of resilience into their formulation, evaluation, and prioritization of infrastructure investments related to Sandy rebuilding. An initial assessment of the implementation of the guidelines identifies opportunities and challenges.

  • Improved Access May Not Be the Key to Addressing Food Deserts

    Dec 9, 2014

    As part of the ongoing battle to fight obesity in the U.S., current policies are aimed at improving access to healthy foods, especially in neighborhoods designated as food deserts. However, research indicates proximity to full-service supermarkets was unrelated to weight or dietary quality.

  • The Changing Role of Criminal Law in Controlling Corporate Behavior

    Dec 9, 2014

    What should be the role of criminal law in controlling corporate behavior? Researchers measure the current use of criminal sanctions in controlling corporate behavior and offer suggestions about how doing so might be improved.

  • Community Study of Depression and Substance Abuse in Los Angeles Saftey-net Clients

    Dec 8, 2014

    About half of patients who receive treatment for depression in safety-net settings also have substance use disorders. Most clients with both depression and substance abuse histories were unemployed, poor, lacked health insurance, and had high rates of arrest and homelessness.

  • The ACA Expands Coverage for Substance Use Treatment, but Will It Improve Quality of Care?

    Dec 8, 2014

    With increased coverage for treating substance use disorders, the Affordable Care Act presents an opportunity to improve quality of care. However, meaningful quality measures must be developed before patients, their families, and society can benefit from improved treatment.

  • What to Make of Percent Plans, Automatic Admissions, and College Outcomes

    Dec 8, 2014

    Attending a selective college is seen as a way for students to gain access to opportunities that are otherwise difficult to obtain. The Texas Top Ten Percent Plan is intended to increase this access, especially for students in underserved populations, but research shows that gaps still exist in selective college attendance and completion by race and socioeconomic status.

  • Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment in the U.S. Military

    Dec 4, 2014

    Senior Behavioral Scientists Andrew Morral and Kristie Gore present initial top-line estimates from the 2014 RAND Military Workplace Study, an independent assessment of sexual assault, sexual harassment, and gender discrimination in the military.

  • Initial Results from Major Survey of Sexual Assault, Sexual Harassment

    Dec 4, 2014

    The DoD asked RAND to conduct an independent assessment of sexual assault and sexual harassment in the military. Among the initial results of the study, which invited more than 500,000 service members to participate: approximately 20,000 of the U.S. military's 1.3 million active-duty members experienced a sexual assault in the past year.

  • Supporting Military and Veteran Caregivers Should Be a National Priority

    Dec 3, 2014

    Honoring and serving our current and former members of the armed forces, particularly through periods of illness or when recovering from injuries, requires that we attend to their family members and friends who provide the care that is critical to keeping them alive and thriving.

  • The Role of Maritime and Air Power in the DoD's Third Offset Strategy

    Dec 2, 2014

    Russia and China have been investing in military modernization programs to blunt the U.S. military's technological edge, fielding advanced aircraft, submarines, and both longer range and more accurate missiles. The DoD's Third Offset Strategy is a much-needed initiative to identify and invest in innovative ways to sustain and advance America's military dominance for the 21st century.

  • China and U.S. Can Reduce the Risk of War by Learning from History's Blunders

    Dec 2, 2014

    The history of wars caused by misjudgments reveals that leaders relied on cognitive models, or simplified representations of their worlds, that were seriously at odds with objective reality. China and the U.S. could learn from historical strategic blunders regarding war and peace, and four examples of decisions that turned out well.