Featured Research

  • Who You Are Predicts What You Eat More Than Where You Shop

    Apr 25, 2017

    Who a person is may matter more than where they shop in predicting their consumption of unhealthy food. This suggests that focusing on opening more stores that sell healthy food will have little impact on reducing consumption of unhealthy food.

  • How to Empower ISIS Opponents on Twitter

    Apr 21, 2017

    ISIS supporters on average produce 50 percent more tweets per day than ISIS opponents. It's critical to empower ISIS opponents on Twitter by drawing on lessons from the marketing industry.

  • Rolling Back the Islamic State

    Apr 20, 2017

    The Islamic State has lost substantial control of territory and people but still conducts and inspires attacks around the world. The U.S. should pursue a light rollback strategy that relies on local forces backed by U.S. special operations forces, intelligence assets, and airpower.

  • How to Address Mali's Terrorist Problem

    Apr 20, 2017

    The terrorist threat in Mali is growing, but the country's military remains largely ineffective. Mali can't handle the threat without outside help. How can the United States engage Mali and other partners to help foster greater security and stability?

  • Chinese Political and Military Thinking Regarding Taiwan and East and South China Seas

    Apr 13, 2017

    Official Chinese documents and scholarly writings provide insight into how Chinese leaders consider potential conflict with Taiwan and in the East and South China Seas—and how they might regard escalation in any conflict involving U.S. forces.

  • Chinese Contingency Planning for Regional Hotspots

    Apr 13, 2017

    The Chinese People's Liberation Army has modernized significantly over the past two decades—bringing in world-class inventory and new technology. But the major issue facing the PLA remains its ability to adequately train and prepare staffs for a range of scenarios.

  • European Relations with Russia in the Wake of the Ukrainian Crisis

    Apr 13, 2017

    Perceptions of Russia as a military threat differ sharply across Europe. But European leaders generally agree that relations with Russia have changed irreparably, tensions are unlikely to recede anytime soon, and future actions toward Russia will depend on Moscow's behavior.

  • Chinese Investment in U.S. Aviation Not a Threat to Competitiveness

    Apr 10, 2017

    Since 2005, Chinese companies have acquired, merged, or established joint ventures with over 12 U.S. aviation companies. The investment has been limited to smaller manufacturers of technologies not relevant to commercial or military aircraft, due to effective U.S. export and foreign investment regulations.

  • The Risks of Bias and Errors in Artificial Intelligence

    Apr 6, 2017

    Machine learning algorithms and artificial intelligence (AI) influence many aspects of life today. These agents are not exempt from errors or bias because they are designed, built, and taught by humans. While AI has great promise, using it introduces a new level of risk and complexity in policy.

  • Funding Considerations in the Fight Against the Opioid Epidemic

    Apr 5, 2017

    Recent strategies to combat the opioid epidemic have had some success. But much more research is needed to understand their effectiveness. For pressing funding decisions, policymakers should focus on tactics that address both prescription opioid and heroin use.

  • Helping Kids and Families Cope with Violence

    Mar 30, 2017

    Safe Start interventions help children deal with the harmful effects of exposure to violence. Analysis showed families who took part in interventions generally improved over time, but more information is needed on what does and does not work for children and families.

  • The Future of ISIL's Finances

    Mar 29, 2017

    ISIL has been described as the wealthiest terrorist group in history. It has developed diversified revenue streams from seizing control of banks, extortion, and trafficking oil. As global counter-ISIL efforts progress, how might the group's finances evolve?

  • Use of Open Educational Resources in an Era of Common Standards

    Mar 27, 2017

    EngageNY Curricula is commonly used in New York—in part due to educators' desire to help students meet state standards. Survey data shows EngageNY gives students more opportunities to engage in standards-aligned practices compared with other materials.

  • How Restaurants Can Fight Childhood Obesity

    Mar 27, 2017

    Restaurants can help lower kids' risk of obesity by adopting single-serving guidelines to help children avoid eating too much.

  • Flood Insurance Costs Rising in NYC

    Mar 27, 2017

    Hurricane Sandy underscored the need for greater resilience to flooding. Insurance is part of the strategy, but it is spotty among one- to four-family properties in New York and is difficult for some to afford. Adding to the challenge is direction from Congress to phase out subsidies in the National Flood Insurance Program.

  • Russian Hybrid Warfare: What Is It, and What Can Be Done About It?

    Mar 22, 2017

    Russia's use of subversive actions, such as information and cyber operations, threatens U.S. interests in Europe. Addressing this hybrid threat will take time and effort. And any U.S. response must be developed alongside efforts to bolster conventional deterrence.

  • Wages, Employment, and STEM Education in Appalachia

    Mar 22, 2017

    An ongoing assessment of employment and wages in energy and advanced manufacturing industries in the Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia region captures trends about which counties might have greater demand for educating or employing local talent in STEM careers.

  • China's Evolving Approach to Nuclear Deterrence

    Mar 15, 2017

    China's nuclear posture has been consistent since 1964. But in recent years, China has increased the numbers of its missiles and warheads and improved the quality of its force. Understanding its future nuclear direction is critical to shaping U.S. strategy.

  • The Life and Times of Zero-Day Software Vulnerabilities

    Mar 9, 2017

    Zero-day software vulnerabilities—security holes that developers haven't fixed or aren't aware of—can lurk undetected for years. They are useful in cyber operations and in defensive and academic settings. Whether to disclose or stockpile them is an ongoing debate.

  • Assessing the Needs of Massachusetts' Veterans

    Mar 7, 2017

    Massachusetts veterans have unmet needs for education, employment, health care, housing, financial, and legal services. Researchers assessed these needs to help inform state investments and guide efforts to remedy barriers to access.