The current terrorism risk insurance act will expire in 2014 and Congress again is considering the appropriate government role in terrorism insurance markets. If the act expires and the take-up rate for terrorism insurance falls, then the U.S. would be less resilient to future terrorist attacks.
After a decade of experimentation with reforms that give health providers financial incentives to improve performance, relatively little is known about how to best execute such strategies or judge their success.
Technology literacy plays an important role in a child's ability to succeed in school and later life. Incorporating technology into early childhood education help close the “digital divide” that separates low-income students and their more-advantaged peers.
Future U.S. efforts should focus on finding areas of agreement with partner nations and possibly convening networks of people in those nations who can implement changes and then providing the necessary resources and technical expertise.
The average annual market cost attributable to dementia is estimated to be $28,501: $13,900 for nursing-home care, $6,200 for out-of-pocket expenditure, and $5,700 for formal home care; Medicare spent $2,700 of the total.
A three-year pilot of a “medical home” model of primary care yielded few improvements in the quality of care and no reductions in hospitalizations, emergency department visits, or total costs of care.
Two key analytic tools can be used to evaluate how coastal protection and restoration decisions made now will play out over time, even given an uncertain future. For example, a community weighing whether to implement a marsh-building project can see how the project fares against different rates of rising sea levels over time.
Large states cut spending on prison education programs by an average of 10 percent between the 2009 and 2012 fiscal years, while medium-sized states cut spending by 20 percent. While the drop appears to have resulted from budget cuts prompted by the economic downturn, evidence suggests that the curtailment of prison education could increase prison system costs in the longer term.
Many Western countries have health and social care standards but implement and apply these standards in different ways. Different regulatory mechanisms and policy instruments encourage and ensure continuous quality improvement.
Compared to their peers, children with autism spectrum disorders have higher annual costs for health care appointments and prescriptions ($3,000 on average) and non-health care costs ($17,000 on average), such as special education at school. Previous analyses underestimated this economic burden, particularly for school systems.
The RAND Suicide Prevention Program Evaluation Toolkit draws from the scientific literature to guide evaluations of suicide prevention programs. This report is a companion to the toolkit and provides background on its development and testing.
The RAND Suicide Prevention Program Evaluation Toolkit translates scientific research on suicide prevention to help program staff assess whether their programs produce beneficial effects and identify needed improvements.
Infections that strike patients are one of the most preventable leading causes of death in the United States. A federally sponsored plan to lower health care-acquired infections was successful in addressing the challenges of prioritizing and coordinating strategies.
U.S. policymakers should be concerned about the number, size, and activity of al Qa'ida and other Salafi-jihadist groups. Some of these groups pose a direct threat to the U.S. homeland, embassies, and citizens overseas, while others are currently targeting local regimes.
People who are younger, more affluent and do not have established health care relationships are more likely to use a telemedicine program that allows patients to get medical help — including prescriptions — by talking to a doctor over the telephone.
The care that women receive for cardiovascular disease (CVD) lag behind those of men, despite the fact that more women have died from CVD each year for decades. Experts explain CVD within the context of women's health, outlining possible solutions for improving quality of care.
A series of proposals that would substitute lower-cost treatments for higher cost interventions and that promote greater patient safety could save the U.S. health care system $13 to $22 billion per year.
Achieving interoperability among systems is instrumental to enabling critical functions, so it is important to understand what parties have authority to issue policy that governs the facets of interoperability.
If the North Korean government were to suddenly collapse, the consequences could jeopardize regional security in Northeast Asia and undermine U.S. interests. Preparation is needed now to convince the North Korean elites and others that South Korea-led unification in the aftermath of a collapse will be in their interests.
Opportunities exist to gain efficiencies in the global military medical logistics enterprise without sacrificing capability, notably through minimizing intermediate materiel handling, seeking the greatest value from commercial freight, and streamlining warehouse operations.