Investment in People and Ideas - Featured Research
Despite substantial improvements in public health systems and preparedness since 9/11, significant challenges remain, and a cultural shift is needed to engage all sectors of society in emergency preparedness, response, and recovery.
This book provides an array of answers to the question, In the ten years since the 9/11 attacks, how has America responded? In a series of essays, RAND authors lend a farsighted perspective to the national dialogue on 9/11's legacy; assess the military, political, fiscal, social, cultural, psychological, and moral implications of U.S. policymaking since 9/11; and suggest options for effectively dealing with the terrorist threat in the future.
Succession Management for Senior Military Positions: The Rumsfeld Model for Secretary of Defense Involvement — 2011
During his second tenure as Secretary of Defense, Donald H. Rumsfeld considerably revised the process for selecting senior U.S. military officers for top-ranking positions. The authors examine these changes and how the process evolved after Rumsfeld left office in 2006. They also identify key system attributes that defense officials should consider as they contemplate how senior officer selection and assignments will be managed.
Assessing the Security Benefits of a Trusted Traveler Program in the Presence of Attempted Attacker Exploitation and Compromise — 2011
Examines the security costs and benefits of a trusted traveler program, in which individuals who have been identified as posting less risk than others are allowed to pass through security with reduced security screening.
An examination of options for strengthening the housing and transportation infrastructure of a potential future independent Palestinian state in the context of a large and rapidly growing Palestinian population. The book includes initial cost estimates for improving and expanding infrastructure to facilitate successful development.
To inform debate on a new transportation bill being considered, the authors review the literature on the economic outcomes of highway infrastructure spending, which constitutes the largest share of federal spending on transportation infrastructure. They highlight the connections between highway spending and the economy and then analyze the literature to trace the effects of highway infrastructure on productivity, output, and employment.
Governing Geoengineering Research: A Political and Technical Vulnerability Analysis of Potential Near-Term Options — 2011
Geoengineering is risky, but could transform the portfolio of options for limiting future climate change. Some geoengineering approaches could prove fast acting and inexpensive and could be deployed by one or a few nations without global cooperation. This report provides an initial examination and comparison of the risks associated with alternative international approaches the United States might pursue to governing geoengineering research and deployment.
Nuclear power is receiving renewed interest because of its low greenhouse gas emissions. However, if nuclear power is to be sustainable option for the United States, methods for managing spent fuel that meet stringent safety and environmental standards must be implemented. This report examines technical and institutional approaches to spent fuel management and highlights policy implications of pursuing alternative strategies.
Altered State? Assessing How Marijuana Legalization in California Could Influence Marijuana Consumption and Public Budgets — 2010
Legalizing marijuana in California would lead to a major decline in the pretax price, but the price for consumers will depend heavily on taxes, the regulatory regime structure, and how taxes and regulations are enforced. The lower price and nonprice effects will increase consumption, but it is unclear by how much. There is much uncertainty about the effect on public budgets; even minor changes in assumptions lead to major differences in outcomes.
Reducing Drug Trafficking Revenues and Violence in Mexico: Would Legalizing Marijuana in California Help? — 2009
U.S. demand for illicit drugs creates markets for Mexican drug-trafficking organizations (DTOs) and helps foster violence in Mexico. This paper examines how marijuana legalization in California might influence DTO revenues and the violence in Mexico.
The Problem of Measuring Emergency Preparedness: The Need for Assessing ''Response Reliability'' as Part of Homeland Security Planning — 2008
This paper frames a broad set of questions about how preparedness can be meaningfully measured and lays out some of the ingredients needed to answer them, provides some background on the national preparedness system and on current approaches for assessing emergency preparedness, and introduces the concept of response reliability, an alternative way of thinking about measuring preparedness.
A Cold War strategy of nation and economy building in Asia resulted in extraordinary economic growth, Cold War victory, and regional peace. Now neglect of economic priorities, erosion of America’s leadership in Asian regional institutions, Chinese filling of the vacuum, Japanese alienation from neighbors, risks to globalization, and loss of America’s Cold War balance between China and Japan could lead to drastically different scenarios, ranging from renewed Cold War to a reversal of alliances.