The RAND Strategic Rethink project explores important strategic questions facing the United States, producing a guide for policymakers, citizens, educators, and the media on the most critical global choices and challenges facing the country.
Now that a nuclear agreement has been struck, what will be the implications for U.S. regional strategy, Iran's own foreign policy orientation, the response from regional partners, the global non-proliferation regime, and the role of Congress in implementation of the agreement?
The China Aerospace Studies Institute (CASI) is a partnership of Headquarters U.S. Air Force, the Air University, and RAND to advance understanding of the capabilities, operating concepts, and limitations of China's aerospace forces.
The Israeli economy stands to gain more than $120 billion over the next decade in a two-state solution, a possible resolution of the long-standing conflict between Israelis and Palestinians. Palestinians would gain $50 billion, with average per-capita income rising by about 36 percent.
Heart arrhythmia atrial fibrillation is becoming increasingly prevalent and will affect more than three percent of the EU's population by 2050. Longer-term thinking, enhanced public awareness, and more thorough engagement among stakeholders are critical components of a strategy to deal with it.
The RAND Military Workplace Study (RMWS) is an independent study of sexual assault and military equal employment opportunity (MEO) violations in the active duty and reserve components of the U.S. military, sponsored by the Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office (SAPRO) within the Office of the Secretary of Defense.
Conditional cash transfer programs (CCTs) are seen as particularly effective in low- and middle-income countries, but relatively little is known about the interface between the supply of services and program administration and specific human development outcomes. RAND Europe assessed the effectiveness of CCTs through a two-year grant from UK Economic Social Research Council and Department for International Development.
Evaluations of the impact element of the UK's Research Excellence Framework 2014 show that researchers can describe the wider societal benefits of their research, and that these impacts can be assessed and compared.
RAND Arroyo Center is the United States Army’s sole Federally Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC). Arroyo’s mission is to conduct objective analytic research on major policy concerns emphasizing mid- to long-term policy issues, help the Army improve effectiveness and efficiency, provide short-term assistance on urgent problems, and be a catalyst for needed change.
Armed drones have raised hopes among some for a transformational weapon to use against U.S. adversaries, and raised concerns among others about proliferation and misuse. However, drones are fundamentally misunderstood; many of the myths about them can be dispelled.
Through research and policy analysis, RAND is helping the Urban Child Institute (UCI) support the health and well-being of young children in Memphis and Shelby County, Tennessee. The partnership focuses on translating research data into positive community action.
The RAND Center for Corporate Ethics and Governance, or CCEG, is committed to improving public understanding of corporate ethics, law, and governance, and to identifying specific ways that businesses can operate ethically, legally, and profitably at the same time.
The RAND Water and Climate Resilience Center conducts policy research and develops innovative tools to support decisionmakers at all levels of government as they confront challenges presented by climate change.
What does RAND research reveal about the potential effects of Proposition 46, a California ballot initiative that will modify non-economic damage awards for medical malpractice cases and physician drug abuse and prescribing? RAND addresses common questions about its impact in California and elsewhere in the U.S.
The RAND 2014 Midterm Election Opinion Study tracks public opinion of the U.S. midterm elections by surveying the same people over time. This allows us to observe true changes in public opinion, rather than changes based on who was surveyed randomly.
Understanding the context and impacts of the complex problems associated with big data, as well as related cultural and governance issues and policy frameworks, is important to businesses, governments, research organisations, citizens and policymakers. RAND Europe connects diverse strands across these areas.
An analysis of the current state of play in the European free movement of goods allowed researchers to quantify costs due to a lack of full integration, drawing special attention to two sectors of the European economy: the construction materials sector and the medical devices sectors.
The California Department of Social Services has funded research to determine if SB 1041 is achieving its objectives of improving participant well-being and flexibility of services, as well as if there are any unintended consequences.
An evaluation of the Wellcome Trust's African Institutions Initiative (AII) indicates several successes while making recommendations for the future. The AII funds consortia to build sustainable, independent health research capacity at African universities and research organisations, to promote research collaboration and to train individuals for research careers in Africa.
A range of emerging, but important, risks to our Internet-connected living room have implications for security and privacy. Addressing these might require more action from government, industry and consumers alike.
The RAND Competency-Based Education project examined pilot programs in the K-12 sector to better understand student outcomes resulting from this type of instruction, along with equity challenges that competency-based education could create or intensify.
The world's first Social Impact Bond, an innovative payment-by-results mechanism to fund public services, was implemented in a prison in Peterborough in eastern England in 2011. Midterm findings indicate it has been successful in reducing reoffending by prisoners who have served short custodial sentences.
RAND Europe is helping to conduct an independent evaluation of the UK Department of Health's drug and alcohol recovery payment-by-results pilots to determine whether market forces can encourage the development of better recovery programs.
Leaders want their workforces to reflect the racial, ethnic, gender, socioeconomic, ideological, and generational makeup of society. At a minimum, organizations must comply with federal equal employment opportunity and affirmative action standards. But successful organizations are adopting a broader definition of diversity that includes differences in experience, skills, and educational background.
Annual costs of dementia exceed those of cancer and heart disease and will only continue to rise as the nation's population ages. Key policy options can help strengthen and improve long-term services and supports for those with dementia and their caregivers.
In partnership with UCLA, USC, and the Los Angeles School District, RAND researchers are providing information, national training, and technical assistance to schools on the delivery of evidence-based strategies to support students exposed to violence or trauma. This resource provides online training and implementation support for trauma-focused interventions that can make a difference.
Choice experiments provide fresh empirical evidence on the relative influence of tuition fee levels and other factors on the decisions of those choosing between universities. Employment prospects, living expenses, university location, course quality and tuition fees were all important.
The RAND New Leaders Evaluation examines implementation of the New Leaders principal preparation program from 2006 through 2013. The New Leaders approach involves rigorous recruitment and preparation of principals, ongoing support and community networks, and the commitment of partners to promote effective school and district conditions.
RAND identified and assessed the role of political economy and non-tariff factors that have impeded regional integration, and developed policy recommendations to promote regional integration in South Asia.
The Toolkit for Weighting and Analysis of Nonequivalent Groups, or TWANG, contains a set of functions to support causal modeling of observational data through the estimation and evaluation of propensity score weights. TWANG has been released as a package in R, and as downloadable macros for SAS users. The team has also released a series of tutorials intended to guide analysts using the toolkit for the first time.
Despite the central and growing role of digital technology for knowledge-based work, children in low-income families have relatively limited access to computer-based devices, software applications, and the Internet. “T” Is for Technology explored the potential for early childhood education to help narrow this digital divide.
Many complex issues surround the use of antiretroviral therapy as HIV prevention. RAND Europe is partnering with several organisations on Mapping Pathways, a project that is exploring potential treatment regimes and conduct research, community engagement, and policy work in the U.S., India, and South Africa.
RAND Europe's program of research on Communities, Safety and Justice Policy helps decisionmakers at national and pan-European levels assess threats and identify and develop policies to improve safety, security and other outcomes, reducing harms to communities caused by crime, violence, intolerance, substance misuse and illicit markets.
Launched in December 2013 with a generous grant from Frederick S. Pardee, the Pardee Initiative for Global Human Progress is a new approach to chronic problems faced by the developing world, most notably food insecurity and challenges of urbanization.
A collaboration among RAND, the Pardee RAND Graduate School, Evolving Logic, and network partners, RDMlab promotes the development and use of Robust Decision Making (RDM) methods for policy and decisionmaking.
The Getting To Outcomes®: Improving Community-Based Substance-Use Prevention project assesses the effectiveness of participatory methods meant to assist community coalitions in preventing substance abuse and to improve community health.
The RAND Health Reform Opinion Study tracks public opinion of the Affordable Care Act by surveying the same people over time. This allows us to observe true changes in public opinion, rather than changes based on who was surveyed randomly.
Community resilience requires participation from the whole community to improve response and recovery, and to plan for disaster recovery over the long term. This is a lesson that the U.S. Gulf States have learned in the last decade, and their experiences are helping teach other communities across the nation how to become more resilient.
RAND is partnering with the Safe Water and AIDS Project (SWAP) in Kenya to investigate whether group-based peer networks will facilitate greater engagement with health facilities and strong support for behavior change.
RAND worked with the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation and Colorado River Basin states to apply innovative robust decision methods to evaluate thousands of plausible futures on the Colorado River and develop and compare strategies to address future vulnerabilities.
When making complex decisions, researchers and policymakers often seek the input of many stakeholders and individuals with varied perspectives. ExpertLens is an online application developed by research and programming experts at the RAND Corporation to help achieve these goals easily and cost effectively.
Ho Chi Minh City faces significant and growing flood risk. Recent risk reduction efforts may not work if climate and socio-economic conditions diverge from earlier projections. Robust decision making can help Vietnam's largest city develop integrated flood risk management strategies despite this uncertainty.
Resilient communities withstand and recover from disasters. They also learn from past disasters to strengthen future recovery efforts. The Resilience in Action website offers toolkits, training, multimedia, newsletters, and other resources to help communities build and strengthen their resilience.
Poor mental health is associated with high economic and social costs and represents a significant policy challenge in the UK. RAND Europe is identifying approaches to improve the effectiveness and alignment of health and employment services to achieve better employment outcomes for individuals with mental health problems.
A RAND project surveys Head Start health managers to determine how services are prioritized, sustained, and implemented. Researchers will also identify program features and policy levers that support Head Start health services.
‘Moving care into the community’ is a prominent feature of NHS policy. But when does it make sense, and when are services better provided in hospitals? RAND Europe is examining this question as it relates to outpatient clinics by carrying out a set of case studies looking at different types of intervention designed to improve effectiveness or efficiency of outpatient referrals. The project team will also examine innovative approaches to delivering services at the primary-secondary interface in a set of high income countries.
The RAND Center for Middle East Public Policy (CMEPP) provides expertise on the Middle East. CMEPP analysts are in touch with political, social, economic, and technological developments in and around the region. Through research and analysis, CMEPP helps public and private decision makers solve problems, tackle challenges, and identify ways to make society safer, smarter, and more prosperous.
As Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama seek to expand their economies, employers will require highly literate workers with advanced technical skills. RAND has conducted extensive research on K-12, college, and vocational education in the United States and overseas, as well as the role of education in workforce development.
Research suggests that, among school-related factors, teachers matter most to students' academic performance. What's less clear is how to measure an individual teacher's effectiveness. RAND's reports, fact sheets, blog posts, and research briefs provide clarity on this important issue.
The Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools (CBITS) program is a school-based, group, and individual intervention. CBITS is designed to reduce symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and behavioral problems, and to improve grades and attendance, peer and parent support, and coping skills.
Preparing for natural disasters is a long, multi-faceted process that requires years of planning, coordination, and direct action. RAND has developed a new approach for assessing hurricane flood risk in New Orleans under uncertainty and evaluating city-wide approaches for reducing this risk.
Established in December 2005 to support hurricane recovery and long-term economic development, the RAND Gulf States Policy Institute is dedicated to developing informed public policy in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama and a better future for the people who live there.
The RAND Center on Quality Policing provides research and analysis on contemporary police practice and policy. The Center's work helps law enforcement agencies across the U.S. make better operational decisions and consistently perform at their best.
In an effort to improve public education, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Alabama have each examined the potential of charter schools. For nearly two decades, RAND has conducted objective, evidence-based research on choice-based education reforms to help education policymakers make the right decisions for their communities.
Nearly 700 million people in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia rely on livestock for their livelihoods. RAND Europe is conducting an independent external evaluation of the impact, achievements and effectiveness of the first phase of GALVmed's Protecting Livestock, Saving Human Life programme.
Because cancer patients often receive poorly organised and fragmented care, University College Hospital Trust and Macmillan Cancer Support have established a new cancer centre. RAND Europe is evaluating the centre's efforts and developing a sustainable quality improvement environment across the partnership.
HIV/AIDS can rightly be called an epidemic in the Gulf States. RAND has examined attitudes and beliefs about HIV and AIDS, the roles of faith-based and community organizations, and issues regarding AIDS treatment; this research can help Congressional, state, and local policymakers understand how to approach the challenges posed by HIV/AIDS in the region.
If the pharmaceutical industry develops innovative and meaningful business models to offer services that improve access and adherence to prescription drugs for common chronic conditions, it can profit far more than by developing more "blockbuster" drugs.
The RAND Drug Policy Research Center (DPRC) helps community leaders and public officials develop more effective ways of dealing with drug problems. DPRC provides a firm, empirical foundation on which sound drug policies can be built.
FEMA's National Flood Insurance Program writes the vast majority of flood insurance on residential properties in the United States; current legislation includes a number of reforms that could strengthen the program. RAND has completed studies in four key areas that offer insight into the issues under consideration.
The performance of health systems is a key determinant of the inclusiveness of economic growth. With Kenya and Tanzania as case studies, RAND Europe is exploring whether potential synergies between industrial development and health systems can contribute to faster and more inclusive growth.
What effect has the financial crisis had on households and health? RAND researchers seek to quantify the effects of the crisis on older U.S. households, and the adjustments made in response. With this information, they aim to determine whether downturns in economic status are associated with declines in health.
To understand what influences life satisfaction in different countries, it is important to correct for cultural differences in how people answer subjective questions. The RAND Center for the Study of Aging is attempting to increase the comparability of response scales across national boundaries.
By using newly available data from more than 15 countries, researchers are analyzing how the interaction between individual behavior, social context, institutions, and policies shapes health and well-being in old age.
Research conducted within RAND Environment, Energy, and Economic Development focuses on environmental quality and regulation; energy resources and systems; water resources and systems; climate, natural hazards, and disasters; and innovation, entrepreneurship, and economic development.
Health outcomes may be related to financial status, including home ownership. A comparative analysis of housing price risk during economic downturns in different countries can help researchers better understand this relationship.
The original purpose of experience modification rating in workers' compensation was to address insurer underwriting concerns; researchers are now exploring whether the rating also operates as an effective safety incentive for businesses.