Obesity and Health Research Briefs
Reversing the rising tide of obesity and further reducing rates of tobacco use could produce substantial long-term dividends in terms of lives saved and disabling illnesses prevented. Communities, employers, and parents all have important roles.
Summarizes key RAND studies on the causes of obesity, its economic and health consequences, and potential strategies for prevention, including work on health care costs, junk food, food deserts, school meals, and proximity of parks.
Summarizes the evidence for the ban on new fast-food chain restaurants in South Los Angeles (LA), including the density of such restaurants in the area and the eating habits of South LA residents, and concludes that the data do not support the ban.
This fact sheet summarizes a study examining the variation of the intake of fruits and vegetables for blacks, whites, and Mexican Americans, in addition to the relationship between neighborhood socioeconomic status and this intake.
This research brief summarizes studies showing that medical innovations will improve health and extend life but will likely increase Medicare spending; eliminating obesity and better prevention could save Medicare money and improve health.
This fact sheet summarizes research on mechanisms that affect overeating but that operate below the level of individual awareness and beyond individual control.
This research brief summarizes a study suggesting that though lack of will power is blamed for failure to maintain a diet, the more likely culprit is automatic responses to cues to eat and the availability of cheap, convenient, high-calorie foods.
This research brief explores the relationship of a neighborhood's characteristics to obesity in its residents.
This research brief summarizes studies that found that individuals who are obese face greater challenges in terms of disability and chronic disease than do their non-obese counterparts.
A team of economists and physicians explored how changes in medical technology, disease, and disability would affect health care spending for the population age 65 and older.
By examining the medical files of 9,672 women treated between 1990 and 2001, a newly released study by RAND researchers sought to confirm whether obese women are in fact systematically undertreated for breast cancer.
To assess the effectiveness and safety of prescription weight-loss medications, researchers at the Southern California Evidence-Based Practice Center analyzed 78 published studies of the most popular diet drugs.
Weight Loss Surgery is More Effective Than Diet and Exercise in Helping Severely Obese People Lose Weight — 2005
With a reported rise in the number of procedures -- and complications -- researchers at the Southern California Evidence-Based Practice Center examined the effectiveness and risks of weight loss surgery by analyzing nearly 150 published studies.
Obesity is the most serious problem. It is linked to a big increase in chronic health conditions and significantly higher health expenditures. And it affects more people than smoking, heavy drinking, or poverty.