August 2005 RAND Health Newsletter

Contents of August 2005 RAND Health newsletter:

  1. Lower quality medical care linked to earlier death among vulnerable older patients
    Older patients at risk of declining health who received lower quality medical care were more likely to die after three years than peers who received higher quality health care.

    Citation: Higashi T, Shekelle PG, Adams JL, Kamberg CJ, Roth CP, Solomon DH, Reuben DB, Chiang L, MacLean CH, Chang JT, Young RT, Saliba DM, Wenger NS. Quality of Care Is Associated with Survival in Vulnerable Older Patients, Annals of Internal Medicine, Vol. 143, No. 4, Aug 16 2005, pp. 274-281, w70-w79.
    News release  |  Read abstract  |  More research on aging

  2. Bioterrorism preparedness training and assessment manual for local public health agencies
    A manual of exercises that can be customized by local public health agencies to train their staff in detecting and responding to bioterrorism events and to assess their level of preparedness.

    Citation: Dausey DJ, Lurie N, Diamond A, Meade B, Molander RC, Ricci K, Stoto MA, Wasserman J, Bioterrorism Preparedness Training and Assessment Exercises for Local Public Health Agencies, RAND Corporation, TR-261-DHHS, 2005.
    Full document  |  More research on public health

  3. Cambodian refugees suffer high rates of psychiatric illness
    Nearly two-thirds of the adults studied in the largest Cambodian refugee community in the U.S. suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder and more than half had major depression two decades after escaping widespread violence by fleeing to the U.S.

    Citation: Marshall GN, Schell TL, Elliot MN, Berthold SM, Chun CA. Mental Health of Cambodian Refugees 2 Decades after Resettlement in the United States, Journal of the American Medical Association, August 3, 2005, Vol. 294, No. 5.
    News release  |  Read abstract

  4. Evaluation of a patient safety training program
    Many people in the U.S. die from preventable medical errors each year. This report evaluates a pilot training program for healthcare professionals that is designed to reduce medical errors and improve patient safety.

    Citation: Nelson, C. Evaluation of a Patient Safety Training Program, RAND Corporation, TR-276-HLTH, 2005.
    Full document  |  More research on quality of care

  5. Racial health disparities: Less talk and more action
    In a recent editorial in the New England Journal of Medicine, RAND author Nicole Lurie discusses the large amount of research documenting the existence of racial and ethnic disparities in health care. Efforts should be made to take action and make changes, but documentation is still needed.

    Citation: Lurie N. Health Disparities—Less Talk, More Action [editorial], New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 353(7), August 18 2005, pp 727-729.
    Excerpt of editorial  |  Related interview at npr.org  |  More research on sociodemographic health issues

  6. RAND author discusses health care reform for sick and elderly patients at the end of life
    In an interview with the Kaiser Family Foundation, RAND author Joanne Lynn discusses the current system of caring for the sick and elderly in the final phase of life and recommends improvements for both patients and providers.
    See interview at kaisernetwork.org  |  Related book at ucpress.edu  |  Related research

  7. August RAND Health Congressional Newsletter
    This month's newsletter features research on obesity, including research on obese women being undertreated for cancer, the effectiveness and safety of weight loss surgery, and the effectiveness of some prescription weight loss drugs. (PDF file)

  8. Recent Research Highlights and Fact Sheets from RAND Health

    Cost-Effective Allocation of Government Funds for Preventing HIV

    Some Prescription Diet Drugs Promote Weight Loss

    Weight Loss Surgery is More Effective Than Diet and Exercise in Helping Severely Obese People Lose Weight

    Obese Women Receiving Breast Cancer Chemotherapy Are Often Undertreated



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