A new study finds that the number of young people becoming registered nurses has grown sharply since 2002, a trend that should ease some of the concern about a looming nursing shortage in the United States. The number of 23 to 26-year-olds who became registered nurses increased by 62 percent from 2002 to 2009, approaching numbers not seen since the mid-1980s.
The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class monitored a nationally representative cohort of kindergarten students over 9 years, from kindergarten to 8th grade. Findings suggest that elementary school years are marked by excess BMI gains not only among children who are already overweight in kindergarten, but also among normal-weight boys and girls — and the time between 1st and 3rd grade is the critical for weight gain.
Americans who served in the military receive care for mental health and substance use disorders from the VA hospital system. The VA has made improving mental health care for veterans an institutional priority and asked RAND to evaluate the quality of services for these conditions.
While seen as potential cost-cutting tool, bundled payments to providers have been slow to put into practice; in the three years of the PROMETHEUS pilot project, no payments have been made. Still, while implementation has been difficult, progress is being made.
Use of retail medical clinics located in pharmacies and other retail settings increased 10-fold between 2007 and 2009, according to a new RAND Corporation study. The determining factors in choosing a retail medical clinic over a physician's office were found to be age, health status, income and proximity to the clinic.
Vulnerable older adults enrolled in plans that use nurse care managers receive, on average, 69% of recommended care for common geriatric conditions, compared with 53% for elders in plans without nurse care managers. The model addresses important deficits common in physician care.
The strong link in adolescents between having a best friend who smokes and starting or escalating smoking isn't affected by individual factors such as self-esteem, depression, school and family bonds, and access to cigarettes.
Hepatitis C treatment efficacy among HIV patients is limited by poor treatment adherence. Good mental health may be an indicator of readiness to adhere to treatment for this population, which leads to improved health outcomes.