Cafeteria food in California children’s hospitals gets an average rating on a nutritional scale. Cafeterias could improve by providing nutritional information, using signage to promote healthy choices, and eliminating impulse items at the register.
Hypertensive patients who received a one-time $15 payment to see a doctor and were provided educational materials were more likely to schedule a visit, and pre-hypertensive patients saw a significant and sustained reduction in their blood pressure. However, the financial incentive had no effect on reducing racial or ethnic gaps in hypertension.
As the state with the nation's largest prison population, California is releasing increased numbers of inmates under its 2011 Public Safety Realignment Plan, which will aid the state's efforts to abide by a U.S. Supreme Court order to reduce the prison population. RAND was asked to study the public health implications of returning prisoners for the communities they return to and has found both challenges and opportunities ahead.
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A new online tool, called the "Unintended Consequences Guide," is available from the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality to help hospitals and other health care organizations anticipate, avoid, and address problems that can occur when adopting and using electronic health records.
With the need for HIV services in developing countries rising and the availability of funding flat or declining, existing resources should be better leveraged to help provide life-saving services to more people in need.
Historically, less than 25% of opioid dependent individuals receive opioid agonist therapy (OAT) in treatment. Buprenorphine (Suboxone) provides a more flexible, office-based alternative to methadone for OAT, but how does it impact larger treatment trends?
Countries whose citizens trust each and their government also report significantly higher scores in self-rated health than countries whose social capital is lower. Given the close linkages between self-rated health and mortality, these findings indicate that the public health gains from increased trust may be large.