Soldier's face in partial shadow

Invisible Wounds of War Project

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Since October 2001, approximately 2.5 million U.S. troops have been deployed to support Operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. Research evidence suggests that many returning service members may suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is also a major concern. In 2007, there was limited evidence about the scope of the problem or the most effective treatments.

To help fill this gap, RAND:

  • assessed post-deployment health-related needs associated with PTSD, major depression, and TBI
  • examined the treatment capacity of the current health care system
  • estimated the costs of providing quality health care to all military members in need.

The work was funded by a grant from the Iraq Afghanistan Deployment Impact Fund Project, which is administered by the California Community Foundation, a nonprofit organization.

Featured Publications

  • MG-720 Cover

    Invisible Wounds of War: Psychological and Cognitive Injuries, Their Consequences, and Services to Assist Recovery2008

    A comprehensive study of the post-deployment health-related needs associated with post-traumatic stress disorder, major depression, and traumatic brain injury among servicemembers returning from Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom, the health care system in place to meet those needs, gaps in the care system, and the costs associated with these conditions and with providing quality health care to all those in need.

  • MG-720/1 Cover

    Invisible Wounds of War: Summary and Recommendations for Addressing Psychological and Cognitive Injuries2008

    Summarizes key findings and recommendations from Invisible Wounds of War: Psychological and Cognitive Injuries, Their Consequences, and Services to Assist Recovery (Tanielian and Jaycox [Eds.], MG-720-CCF, 2008), a comprehensive study of the post-deployment health-related needs associated with post-traumatic stress disorder, major depression, and traumatic brain injury among veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom/Iraqi Freedom.

Invisible Wounds of War Wins 2008 PROSE Award

The Invisible Wounds of War won the PROSE Award for the best book published in 2008 in the field of Clinical Medicine. The PROSE winners are named annually by the Association of American Publishers. Invisible Wounds of War was among 35 winners selected from 439 entries.

Read More from the PROSE Awards