36-Item Short Form Survey from the RAND Medical Outcomes Study
As part of the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS), a multi-year, multi-site study to explain variations in patient outcomes, RAND developed the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). SF-36 is a set of generic, coherent, and easily administered quality-of-life measures. These measures rely upon patient self-reporting and are now widely utilized by managed care organizations and by Medicare for routine monitoring and assessment of care outcomes in adult patients.
Terms and Conditions for Using the SF-36 — 2009
MOS 36-Item Short Form Survey Instrument (SF-36)
Scoring Instructions for MOS 36-Item Short Form Survey Instrument (SF-36) — 2009
Evaluating the SF-36 Health Survey (Version 2) in Older Vietnamese Americans — 2008
The SF-36® Health Survey (Version 2; SF-36) was evaluated among older Vietnamese Americans to determine whether underlying dimensions of physical and mental health were similar to those of other groups in the United States.
Reliability of an Arabic Version of the RAND 36-Item Health Survey and its Equivalence to the US-English Version — 1998
This article contains a discussion of reliability of using the Arabic SF-36 instrument.
More Information about Summary Scores
For those interested in information about the physical and mental health summary scores and the work done to create a single score, we suggest the following articles:
What is the Relationship Between the Minimally Important Difference and Health State Utility Values? The Case of the SF-6-D — 2003
The Estimation of a Preference-based Measure of Health from the SF-36 — 2002
Mapping the SF-12 to the EuroQol EQ-5D Index in a National US Sample — 2004
Measuring Function and Well-Being: The Medical Outcomes Study Approach — 1992
User's Manual for Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) Core Measures of Health-Related Quality of Life — 1995
This manual summarizes the MOS measures and presents psychometric results from the MOS. It is designed to be a companion to the book, Measuring Function and Well-Being: The Medical Outcomes Study Approach.
Other instruments from the Medical Outcomes Study
This website offers a list of all instruments that have been approved by the Scientific Advisory Committee of the Medical Outcomes Trust.
Bibliography for the Medical Outcomes Study