Despite repeated initiatives to resolve the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians, it has endured for decades with periodic violent eruptions. Can meaningful policy discussion help to break the impasse?
A RAND study estimates the net costs and benefits over the next 10 years of five alternative trajectories for the conflict, compared with the costs and benefits of a continuing impasse that evolves in accordance with present trends. The five trajectories are:
Coordinated Unilateral Withdrawal
Uncoordinated Unilateral Withdrawal
The study's goal is to give all parties comprehensive, reliable information about available options and their expected costs and consequences.
A high-level overview of the findings are depicted in the chart to the right, which shows RAND's assumption-based estimates for the percent change in Israeli and Palestinian GDP (as of 2024) for each of the trajectories. A two-state solution provides by far the best economic outcomes for both Israelis and Palestinians, and a violent uprising would profoundly harm both economies.