Publications by Region: South Asia
Explores the role entrepreneurship plays in the lives of the economically disadvantaged in both India and the United States.
India's and Pakistan's Strategies in Afghanistan: Implications for the United States and the Region — 2012
India and Pakistan have very different visions for Afghanistan, and they seek to advance highly disparate interests through their respective engagements in the country. This paper reviews the countries' interests in Afghanistan, how they have tried to further their interests, how Afghanistan navigates their rivalry, and the rivalry's implications for U.S. and Indian policy.
Using and testing a conceptual model that draws on social science and particularly social movement theory, this volume examines public support for al-Qa'ida's transnational jihadist movement, the Taliban insurgency in Afghanistan, the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) in Turkey, and the Maoist insurgency in Nepal. The authors discuss which factors were most salient across cases, how their importance varied in each case, and how this understanding can inform strategy.
China and India, the world's two most populous countries, will exercise increasing influence in international affairs in the coming decades. This document assesses the relative prospects of China and India through 2025 in four domains: demography, macroeconomics, science and technology, and defense spending and procurement. In each domain, the authors try to answer the following questions: Who is ahead? By how much? and Why?
Stories discuss world demographic trends, Afghan peace prospects, U.S. health care spending, California prisoner reentry, Latin American inequalities, global health, veterans' mental health, highway investments, teacher bonuses, and charter schools.
Antecedents and Implications of the November 2008 Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) Attack Upon Several Targets in the Indian Mega-City of Mumbai — 2009
Testimony presented before the House Homeland Security Committee, Subcommittee on Transportation Security and Infrastructure Protection on March 11, 2009.
Will the current global economic recession have long-term geopolitical implications? Assuming that economic recovery begins in the first half of 2010, lasting structural alterations in the international system — a substantial change in U.S.-China relations, for example — are unlikely. This is because economic performance is only one of many geopolitical elements that shape countries' strategic intent and core external policies.
International Comparison of Ten Medical Regulatory Systems: Egypt, Germany, Greece, India, Italy, Nigeria, Pakistan, Poland, South Africa and Spain — 2009
This study was commissioned by the UK General Medical Council (GMC) to provide an evidence base on the systems of medical regulation in place in the countries of origin of doctors seeking to enter the UK and obtain registration to practise.
The Lessons of Mumbai — 2009
This study of the Mumbai, India, terrorist attack of November 2008 identifies the operational and tactical capabilities displayed by the terrorists and evaluates the response of the Indian security forces, with the goal of helping counterterrorism authorities in India and elsewhere to prepare for or counter future terrorist attacks on urban centers.
Preparing and Training for the Full Spectrum of Military Challenges: Insights from the Experiences of China, France, the United Kingdom, India, and Israel — 2009
What can the United States learn from other militaries about how better to prepare for full-spectrum operations and deployments? The authors examine the militaries of China, France, the UK, India, and Israel to (1) identify different approaches to readiness, adaptability, and operational issues and (2) assess the ways in which units are trained both for specific and general deployments and for train, advise, and assist missions.
Testimony presented before the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee on January 28, 2009.
The health status of residents of China and India lags behind relative to other populations, and health gains in each country have been uneven across subpopulations. Each health system provides little protection against financial risk, and patient satisfaction is a lower priority than it should be. This paper compares the Chinese and Indian health systems to determine what approaches to improving health in these two countries do and do not work.
As a result of different policies, strategies, and historical circumstances, India and China have pursued different educational approaches since 1940. China has outperformed India in primary and secondary education, but India enjoys a competitive edge over China in higher education. The respective successes and challenges of the Chinese and Indian education systems offer valuable lessons for both countries and the rest of the developing world.
Assesses the reasons for the five key Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI) "hold-out" nations — Indonesia, Malaysia, India, Pakistan, and China, all of which are reluctant to affiliate with PSI — and offers strategies for addressing those reasons and thereby enhancing the possibility that these nations will decide to affiliate in the near future.
Life, Livelihood, and Long Term Well-being: The Effect of Mortality Risks and Land Reforms on Human Capital Investments in India — 2008
Evaluates factors including household preferences, resource constraints, and background factors such as risks and economic shocks in determining childhood investments in rural India.
Policy Insight, Volume 2, Issue 1, February 2008: China and India: Different Educational Paths Toward Prosperity — 2008
This Policy Insight summarizes how different strategies and historical circumstances have affected India’s and China’s educational approaches since 1940. China has outperformed India in primary and secondary education; India enjoys a competitive edge over China in higher education. The respective successes and challenges of the Chinese and Indian education systems offer valuable lessons for both countries and the rest of the developing world.
Policy Insight, Volume 2, Issue 3, June 2008: Caring for a Third of the World's Population: Challenges for the Health Systems of China and India — 2008
Despite significant gains over the last 50 years, China and India — which together are home to more than a third of the world's population — still lag behind many countries on key measures of health. This Policy Insight compares the health systems of the two countries, highlighting the challenges common to both nations as well as those that are distinct to each of them, and discussing the policy levers that can be used to overcome these challenges.
Money in the Bank -- Lessons Learned from Past Counterinsurgency (COIN) Operations: RAND Counterinsurgency Study -- Paper 4 — 2007
Six historic counterinsurgency (COIN) operations are examined to determine which tactics, techniques, and procedures led to success and which to failure. The Philippines, Algeria, Vietnam, El Salvador, Jammu and Kashmir, and Colombia were chosen for their varied characteristics relating to geography, historical era, outcome, type of insurgency faced, and level of U.S. involvement. Future U.S. COIN operations can learn from these past lessons.
This monograph examines security-related track two diplomacy efforts in the Middle East and South Asia, including how such efforts have socialized participants into thinking about security in more cooperative terms, and whether the ideas generated in track two forums have been acknowledged at the societal level or influenced official policy. Kaye concludes with suggestions on how to improve future track two efforts.
The study examines U.S. strategic relations with India and Pakistan both historically and in the current context of the global war on terrorism. An inescapable conclusion of the report is that the intractable dispute over the disposition of Kashmir remains a critical flashpoint between India and Pakistan and a continual security challenge. The author offers five policy options on how the United States might proceed.
Military operations in urban areas are among the most complex challenges confronting the U.S. Army. Compared to a number of other nations, the Army has relatively less experience operating in this environment. To that end, this monograph analyzes sustained campaigns of urban terrorism in Sri Lanka, India, and Pakistan, identifying key innovations of the militant organizations. It also details the three states' responses to the threats, noting successful as well as unsuccessful efforts.
Reports on a meeting that brought together scholars, diplomats, and functionaries from the governments of India and the United States to discuss policy issues important to both countries. It was designed to keep decisionmakers informed of the current thinking of leading intellectuals on important issues, to acquaint them with areas of consensus, and to provide insights that will help them understand how each country’s strategic perspective on each issue could affect the bilateral relationship between the two nations.
Examines the forces mdash; political, strategic, technological, and ideational — that led to this dramatic policy shift and describes how New Delhi's force-in-being will be fashioned.
This report sheds new light on the prospects for the French fighter industry.
Stability in South Asia — 1997
Stability in South Asia