CGRS Publications Archive - 2010
The paper discusses alternative ways to think about the modeling endeavor; the importance of including qualitative factors (i.e., "soft factors") despite critics who think that doing so reduces rigor; the fundamental necessity of worrying seriously about uncertainty from the outset, including the kinds of uncertainty present in complex adaptive systems; and about implications for design of models. The paper's admonitions would be straightforward except that they fly in the face of common organizational practice, which is to avoid soft factors, ignore uncertainty by obsessing on standard cases, and use models ill-designed for serious uncertainty analysis.
The UK currently has the industrial skills needed to develop, produce and maintain its military aircraft, but predicted future demand for design engineering activity is insufficient to sustain a number of key skills beyond the 2010-2019 decade.
The United Kingdom Ministry of Defence's Fixed Wing Sector Strategy Board commissioned RAND Europe to assist in the development of a strategy and sustainment plan for the military fixed wing sector. RAND focused on the health and sustainment of key skills in the sector's industrial base. This monograph describes the qualitative and quantitative methodologies that the RAND team followed and summarises its findings and recommendations.
This research brief describes a method for determining whether information should be classified and applies the method to the Global Force Management Data Initiative.
What Should Be Classified? A Framework with Application to the Global Force Management Data Initiative — 2011
The Global Force Management Data Initiative was launched to improve aggregation of unclassified force-structure data. Aggregation, though, raised concerns about classification because the system might be attractive to a potential adversary. The authors develop a framework for evaluating classification decisions to determine that, while overall classification is not indicated, the inclusion of some data will require careful consideration.
Draws from RAND's international submarine experience to discuss the benefits of long-range planning, ways to improve efficiency, the need to sustain hard-to-replace resources, the importance of testing, and potential policy implications for Australia as the Commonwealth plans to build its new submarine.
Testimony presented before the U.S. China Economic and Security Review Commission on January 27, 2011.
The military services have established programs geared toward reducing dependence on the use of petroleum-derived fuels in tactical weapon systems. This monograph examines alternative fuels that are candidates for military applications, focusing on economic viability, greenhouse gas emissions, military utility, and current alternative fuel development, testing, and certification efforts within the Department of Defense.
Adversaries could acquire emerging chemical and biological (CB) agents years before U.S. defense planners recognize those agents, and many more years before the United States establishes a comprehensive defense against them. Gaps in defenses against chemical and biological weapon agents can pose a serious risk to U.S. military operations. This paper summarizes early expert observations about the threat and possible responses.
Reports the results of a longitudinal study of youth from military families and their caregivers concerning their emotional well-being and how well they are coping with servicemembers' extended deployments.
The Experience of Outdoor Education at Operation Purple® Camp: Findings from a Sample of Youth Participants — 2011
Examine the benefits of outdoor education activities in Operation Purple® camps, which are free camps for youth from military families.
Examines the behavioral and emotional well-being of a select sample of youth and their nondeployed caregivers in military families who applied to a free camp program for children of military personnel and assesses how they are coping with parental deployment, with attention to their emotional, social, and academic functioning and the factors that may be associated with greater difficulties.
Developing a Prototype Handbook for Monitoring and Evaluating Department of Defense Humanitarian Assistance Projects — 2011
Project assessment is central to ensuring that DoD humanitarian assistance projects are compatible with broader policy goals. RAND developed a prototype handbook to provide project staff with an introduction to monitoring and evaluation terms, approaches, and best practices and a step-by-step user's guide for project assessment. It also includes worksheets to help users plan and monitor different types of humanitarian assistance projects.
This paper examines auction sales of African tribal art for the continent as a whole and by individual nations of origin.
This paper defines a framework for the collection of cultural intelligence as a fundamental asset in countering threats to cultural security.