News and Events in RAND Justice, Infrastructure, and Environment

  • El Chapo's Prison Escape Should Come as No Surprise

    Jul 24, 2015

    Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzman's Sinaloa Cartel and similar criminal organizations have long used tunnels to literally undermine security along the U.S.-Mexico border.

  • Pay as You Go

    Jul 22, 2015

    Using vehicle miles traveled as a means of distributing the cost of maintaining America's roads and bridges may not be the only answer. But it represents the kind of innovative thinking that is necessary when this sector of the American transportation infrastructure is desperately in need of a fix.

  • How to Improve Oregon's Mileage-Fee Experiment

    Jul 7, 2015

    Oregon is rolling out the nation's first large-scale pilot to examine switching to a mileage fee instead of the gas tax. The trial is a welcome next step toward understanding how mileage fees can be deployed.

  • Economic Growth Will Be the Main Driver of Mobility in China in 2030

    Jun 30, 2015

    Continued economic growth will be the main driver of future mobility and automobile use in China, but constraints on vehicle use and environmental regulations will be important issues as well.

  • In the Interest of Justice

    Jun 26, 2015

    As the line between criminal justice and national security continues to blur, K. Jack Riley offers three principles that can help young criminology practitioners and scholars.

  • Another Nepal Earthquake Makes Disaster Relief Planning Even More Important

    May 13, 2015

    Leadership, coordination, communication, and involvement of local stakeholders are critical to an informed response to natural disasters. Improved disaster management in Nepal could help limit the suffering of impacted communities and help secure a more successful recovery in the long run.

  • Examining Police, Community Relations

    May 8, 2015

    The “Strengthening Police-Community Trust” panel held Wednesday at RAND's Pittsburgh offices felt ripped from the headlines, and from the outset the discussion was focused on what the moderator called “the intersection between the community and the police.”

  • Nepal Earthquake Response Shows Need for Better International Planning

    May 7, 2015

    The U.S. provided supplies after the earthquake in Nepal, but they piled up at points of delivery because Nepalese customs authorities insisted that standard inspections be followed, even in an emergency situation. These kinds of bureaucratic challenges can be more easily overcome if they are identified and addressed before crises arise.

  • Breaking Down Nuclear Waste as a Two-Part Issue

    May 5, 2015

    The U.S. Department of Energy is now planning separate repositories for commercial waste and the waste from the military's nuclear weapons production instead of disposing of both in the same repository as originally intended. Decoupling different parts of the nuclear waste problem is a small but positive step forward.

  • Strengthening Trust Between Police and the Public

    May 1, 2015

    Amid recent tensions between law enforcement and the public, three key questions must be answered to build the foundation for long-lasting mutual trust, especially given technological changes that are increasing transparency.

  • How Smart Grids Can Change the Way We Live

    Apr 27, 2015

    A modernized, “smart” grid could change how much you pay for electricity, where it comes from, and how likely you are to lose it in a summer storm. But has the reality of the smart grid kept pace with the promise?

  • Growing Support For a New Approach to Community Supervision

    Apr 22, 2015

    Empirical support for the swift-certain-fair (SCF) approach to community supervision is growing. SCF provides an alternative to conventional community supervision programs (probation, parole, pretrial release) and may ultimately help reduce reoffending and the time participants spend behind bars.

  • Digital Evidence and the U.S. Criminal Justice System

    Apr 20, 2015

    There are significant challenges to successfully using digital evidence in criminal prosecutions. Through structured interaction with police digital forensic experts, prosecuting attorneys, a privacy advocate, and industry representatives, researchers identified and prioritized specific needs to improve utilization of digital evidence in criminal justice.

  • Interactive Tool for Ranking Digital Evidence Needs

    Apr 20, 2015

    Because digital evidence is increasingly important to the investigation and prosecution of many types of crimes, this tool presents a range of digital evidence needs and allows the user to see how a criminal justice agency's priorities would change when the importance of different digital evidence objectives is changed.

  • Building Urban Resilience: A Look at Challenges Facing the Pittsburgh Region Today and Tomorrow

    Apr 8, 2015

    RAND's Board of Trustees joined RAND donors and partners, as well as local Pittsburgh civic and community leaders, to discuss urban resilience efforts. Pittsburgh is at the forefront of municipalities considering how to develop resilience as a framework for managing change.

  • When It Comes to Police-Community Relations, “Expect What You Inspect”

    Mar 17, 2015

    As the President's Task Force on 21st Century Policing report suggests, local governments should evaluate police on more than crime statistics, and police departments and officers should be held publicly accountable for meeting the community's expectations. Adding new dimensions of performance metrics would help.

  • Visions of Law Enforcement Technology in the Period 2024-2034

    Mar 16, 2015

    The Law Enforcement Futuring Workshop identified ten possible future scenarios and 30 high-priority technology needs for law enforcement based on consideration of current and future trends in society, technology, and law enforcement.

  • How Can State Transportation Agencies Prepare for an Uncertain Energy Future?

    Mar 3, 2015

    In what ways will the mandate, role, funding, and operations of state departments of transportation be affected by changes in energy supply and demand in the next 30 to 50 years? Different supply-and-demand scenarios will require robust decision-making techniques.

  • Performance Metrics to Improve Police-Community Relations

    Feb 23, 2015

    Changing the way police performance is measured could prevent issues leading to civil rights violations and poor police-community relations. Should California take the lead to recommend that local law enforcement agencies must report performance metrics?

  • Criminal Justice Technology Taxonomy Web Tool

    Feb 2, 2015

    For law enforcement personnel, the starting point for considering future technological and other innovations is the baseline that exists today. A taxonomy of current technologies in community and institutional corrections can provide direction when budgets are limited.

  • Developing Robust Strategies for Climate Change and Other Risks: A Water Utility Framework

    Jan 26, 2015

    RAND researchers and collaborators present a comprehensive approach for water utilities to assess climate risks to their systems and evaluate adaptation strategies. The approach, based on Robust Decision Making (RDM) is demonstrated through pilot studies with two water utilities: Colorado Springs Utilities and New York City Department of Environmental Protection.

  • Land Loss Policy Decisions and the Value of Coastal Natural Capital

    Jan 26, 2015

    Natural elements such as barrier islands, marshes, and swamps play a role in supporting fishery stocks and protecting infrastructure. Building on an existing approach, a RAND study illustrates how the value of these types of natural capital is important to informing policy choices about land loss.

  • State of the Union 2015: Clarion Calls on Terrorism, Cyber, Education, and More

    Jan 21, 2015

    The agenda President Barack Obama outlined in his State of the Union address can perhaps best be characterized as broad, mirroring the range of diverse and emerging issues facing the U.S. in 2015.

  • China Can Fix Its Severe Pollution Problem

    Jan 19, 2015

    China's economic transformation over the last three decades has produced potentially deadly air pollution its people inhale every day. But an investment of $215 billion annually could substantially reduce pollution, lessen its drag on productivity, spare the lungs of countless people, and save lives.

  • High-Priority Information Technology Needs for Law Enforcement

    Jan 19, 2015

    Law enforcement’s knowledge of IT, its use, and dissemination of information can and need to be improved. A RAND study reporting on strategic planning activities supporting the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) provides potential solutions.