News and Events in RAND Justice, Infrastructure, and Environment

  • What Role Does the Private Sector Have in Supporting Disaster Recovery?

    May 18, 2016

    The changing scope and scale of disasters have altered the ways in which disaster management and financing are addressed. Businesses and nonprofit organizations are increasingly central to the process, offering critical support in immediate disaster response but also contributing necessary redevelopment funding that supports community recovery.

  • Why It's Nearly Impossible to Prove Self-Driving Cars' Safety Without a New Approach

    May 12, 2016

    There are arguments to be made for permitting driverless cars in some capacity even if they are not quite as safe as human drivers, because doing so may enable developers to improve them faster, and thus save more lives overall.

  • Developing Long-Term Socioeconomic Strategy in Israel

    Apr 25, 2016

    Israel faces economic and social challenges. The government has not developed and implemented strategic responses to socioeconomic problems that demand longer-term policy action. How can it form and implement a socioeconomic strategy and take a long-term view of these issues?

  • ENGAGED Toolkit: Improving the Role of NGOs in Disaster Response and Recovery

    Apr 18, 2016

    The ENGAGED toolkit assists public health and emergency planners and NGO stakeholders, including voluntary associations, philanthropic organizations, advocacy groups, community groups, and businesses, in determining capacity and capability for disaster response and recovery.

  • Few Consumers Penalize Hacked Companies for Data Breaches

    Apr 14, 2016

    About a quarter of American adults surveyed reported that they received a data breach notification in the past year, but 77 percent of them were highly satisfied with the company's post-breach response. Only 11 percent of respondents stopped dealing with the company afterwards.

  • Test-Driving Alone Cannot Demonstrate the Safety of Autonomous Vehicles

    Apr 12, 2016

    In order to advance autonomous vehicles into daily use, alternative testing methods must be developed to supplement on-the-road testing. Alternative methods might include accelerated testing, virtual testing and simulators, mathematical modeling, scenario testing, and pilot studies.

  • Emerging Challenges for the Cloud Computing Industry

    Apr 7, 2016

    While more restrictions and greater data localization are likely to characterize the internet of the future, new business opportunities will emerge for providers of cloud computing technology and services who succeed in developing products that satisfy differential regulation and consumer preferences.

  • The Police Could Be Controlling Your Self-Driving Car

    Apr 4, 2016

    As self-driving cars become widespread, one of the biggest issues will be the rules under which public infrastructures and public safety officers may be empowered to override how autonomous vehicles are controlled.

  • How the 'Wonks' of Public Policy and the 'Geeks' of Tech Can Get Together

    Mar 18, 2016

    Conventional wisdom says that technology innovates and disrupts, while public policy regulates and controls. What might a better integration of the commercial tech sector with the policy community look like?

  • Community Resilience Is Key in the Aftermath of Flint's Lead Water Crisis

    Mar 9, 2016

    For Flint to recover from this latest disaster, it will be critical for the public, private, and nonprofit sectors to invest in and implement strategies to build on existing community resilience and strengthen Flint's ability to bounce back.

  • Exploring Funding Allocations to Best Support Louisiana's Flood Risk and Resilience

    Mar 1, 2016

    States that have recently experienced a presidentially declared major disaster can apply for funds through the Natural Disaster Resilience Competition. For Louisiana's application, RAND provided a quantitative analysis of baseline flood risks under different amounts of investment in three parishes.

  • Low Oil Prices: Good for U.S. Security, Troublesome for the Economy

    Feb 26, 2016

    Will oil prices remain low? And how can the balance between cheap oil's positive effects on U.S. security and its negative effects on the economy be assessed?

  • A National Picture of Prison Downsizing Strategies

    Feb 26, 2016

    As the U.S. entered the Great Depression in 2008, states faced fiscal pressure on corrections budgets. As a response states employed a combination of closures, new facilities, and altering existing facilities, resulting in about 19,000 net bed reduction.

  • Why Engineers Need to Be Thinking About Climate Change

    Feb 22, 2016

    As sea levels rise and extreme weather events become more common, evacuation routes in coastal areas will become more important. Transportation engineers need to be more proactive as they try to anticipate damage to pavement, bridges, and culverts.

  • Fixing Judicial Recusals

    Feb 10, 2016

    If judges or justices own stock in the company of a litigant, they must recuse themselves from hearing the case. While these recusals help ensure impartiality at the level of the individual judge, what effect do they have on the pool of judges that hear cases involving publicly held corporations?

  • A Framework for Programming and Budgeting for Cybersecurity

    Jan 20, 2016

    When defending an organization, cybersecurity professionals must choose from a large set of defensive measures while operating with a limited set of resources. What is the menu of actions for defending against an attack? And how can defenders navigate the selection process?

  • How Legalizing Marijuana in VT Might Affect Revenues, Budgets

    Jan 19, 2016

    Vermonters spend between $125 and $225 million on marijuana each year. There are many factors to consider when projecting the budgetary effects legalization might have, but policy changes do not need to be permanent. Starting with incremental change and/or incorporating a sunset provision might make more sense.

  • Oregon Standoff Shouldn't Have an Anti-Terrorism Twist

    Jan 13, 2016

    Dwight and Steven Hammond were charged under a law enacted to fight terrorism, not rein in wayward ranchers. Anti-terrorist laws should not be used to strengthen prosecutors' hands in nonterrorist prosecutions—it makes national security needs look like an instrument of oppression.

  • COP21: Ambition and Momentum

    Dec 17, 2015

    Negotiators in Paris achieved a historic breakthrough by adopting a fundamentally different, and likely more effective, institutional framework to address climate change. It builds on two concepts missing from past attempts to forge a global treaty: voluntary participation and adaptive policymaking.

  • Climate Change Is a National Security Issue, but Not for the Reasons You Think

    Dec 16, 2015

    All U.S. policy decisions can and should be guided by clear evidence. Climate change policy is no exception. The United States should focus on addressing the clearest vulnerabilities, such as securing coastal defense infrastructure.

  • Using Cost-Effectiveness Analysis to Prioritize Spending on Traffic Safety

    Dec 14, 2015

    In deciding how to allocate funds targeting traffic safety, policymakers must determine the appropriate trade-off between cost-effectiveness and equity among states. A new tool helps determine the most cost-effective interventions to reduce motor vehicle crash-related injuries and deaths.

  • Electronic Surveillance of Mobile Devices for Law Enforcement

    Dec 10, 2015

    Mobile phones collect and retain enormous amounts of information that can be useful in criminal investigations. However, state and local law enforcement face substantial challenges when accessing these data.

  • Keeping Hackers Away from Your Car, Fridge, and Front Door

    Dec 7, 2015

    In the ever-growing Internet of Things, attackers already outpace the defenders. If developing solutions for software liability doesn't become more of a priority, there may be no winning this technological war.

  • It's Getting Harder and Harder to Live on Top of the World

    Nov 30, 2015

    Climate change has hit the Arctic hard, and communities like Barrow, Alaska, bear the brunt of it. Adaption measures will be essential to protect these vulnerable communities, as well as mitigation on a macro level.

  • How Multi-Layered Aviation Security Protects Against Adaptive Attackers

    Nov 24, 2015

    Layered security is key to modern aviation security, but the pieces of a multi-layered defense system may not combine as straightforwardly as expected. When considering the behavior of an adaptive attacker, assessing the effectiveness of layered security becomes even more complex.