News and Events in RAND Justice, Infrastructure, and Environment

  • Another Nepal Earthquake Makes Disaster Relief Planning Even More Important

    May 13, 2015

    Leadership, coordination, communication, and involvement of local stakeholders are critical to an informed response to natural disasters. Improved disaster management in Nepal could help limit the suffering of impacted communities and help secure a more successful recovery in the long run.

  • Examining Police, Community Relations

    May 8, 2015

    The “Strengthening Police-Community Trust” panel held Wednesday at RAND's Pittsburgh offices felt ripped from the headlines, and from the outset the discussion was focused on what the moderator called “the intersection between the community and the police.”

  • Strengthening Trust Between Police and the Public

    May 1, 2015

    Amid recent tensions between law enforcement and the public, three key questions must be answered to build the foundation for long-lasting mutual trust, especially given technological changes that are increasing transparency.

  • Growing Support For a New Approach to Community Supervision

    Apr 22, 2015

    Empirical support for the swift-certain-fair (SCF) approach to community supervision is growing. SCF provides an alternative to conventional community supervision programs (probation, parole, pretrial release) and may ultimately help reduce reoffending and the time participants spend behind bars.

  • Digital Evidence and the U.S. Criminal Justice System

    Apr 20, 2015

    There are significant challenges to successfully using digital evidence in criminal prosecutions. Through structured interaction with police digital forensic experts, prosecuting attorneys, a privacy advocate, and industry representatives, researchers identified and prioritized specific needs to improve utilization of digital evidence in criminal justice.

  • Interactive Tool for Ranking Digital Evidence Needs

    Apr 20, 2015

    Because digital evidence is increasingly important to the investigation and prosecution of many types of crimes, this tool presents a range of digital evidence needs and allows the user to see how a criminal justice agency's priorities would change when the importance of different digital evidence objectives is changed.

  • Building Urban Resilience: A Look at Challenges Facing the Pittsburgh Region Today and Tomorrow

    Apr 8, 2015

    RAND's Board of Trustees joined RAND donors and partners, as well as local Pittsburgh civic and community leaders, to discuss urban resilience efforts. Pittsburgh is at the forefront of municipalities considering how to develop resilience as a framework for managing change.

  • When It Comes to Police-Community Relations, “Expect What You Inspect”

    Mar 17, 2015

    As the President's Task Force on 21st Century Policing report suggests, local governments should evaluate police on more than crime statistics, and police departments and officers should be held publicly accountable for meeting the community's expectations. Adding new dimensions of performance metrics would help.

  • Visions of Law Enforcement Technology in the Period 2024-2034

    Mar 16, 2015

    The Law Enforcement Futuring Workshop identified ten possible future scenarios and 30 high-priority technology needs for law enforcement based on consideration of current and future trends in society, technology, and law enforcement.

  • How Can State Transportation Agencies Prepare for an Uncertain Energy Future?

    Mar 3, 2015

    In what ways will the mandate, role, funding, and operations of state departments of transportation be affected by changes in energy supply and demand in the next 30 to 50 years? Different supply-and-demand scenarios will require robust decision-making techniques.

  • Performance Metrics to Improve Police-Community Relations

    Feb 23, 2015

    Changing the way police performance is measured could prevent issues leading to civil rights violations and poor police-community relations. Should California take the lead to recommend that local law enforcement agencies must report performance metrics?

  • Criminal Justice Technology Taxonomy Web Tool

    Feb 2, 2015

    For law enforcement personnel, the starting point for considering future technological and other innovations is the baseline that exists today. A taxonomy of current technologies in community and institutional corrections can provide direction when budgets are limited.

  • Developing Robust Strategies for Climate Change and Other Risks: A Water Utility Framework

    Jan 26, 2015

    RAND researchers and collaborators present a comprehensive approach for water utilities to assess climate risks to their systems and evaluate adaptation strategies. The approach, based on Robust Decision Making (RDM) is demonstrated through pilot studies with two water utilities: Colorado Springs Utilities and New York City Department of Environmental Protection.

  • Land Loss Policy Decisions and the Value of Coastal Natural Capital

    Jan 26, 2015

    Natural elements such as barrier islands, marshes, and swamps play a role in supporting fishery stocks and protecting infrastructure. Building on an existing approach, a RAND study illustrates how the value of these types of natural capital is important to informing policy choices about land loss.

  • China Can Fix Its Severe Pollution Problem

    Jan 19, 2015

    China's economic transformation over the last three decades has produced potentially deadly air pollution its people inhale every day. But an investment of $215 billion annually could substantially reduce pollution, lessen its drag on productivity, spare the lungs of countless people, and save lives.

  • High-Priority Information Technology Needs for Law Enforcement

    Jan 19, 2015

    Law enforcement’s knowledge of IT, its use, and dissemination of information can and need to be improved. A RAND study reporting on strategic planning activities supporting the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) provides potential solutions.

  • The Adoption of New Smart-Grid Technologies

    Jan 15, 2015

    A smart grid for the United States could have large-scale benefits. There are technological, economic, and regulatory barriers, but new policies or changes to policy could help overcome them.

  • How Can China Reduce Its Air Pollution, and How Much Will It Cost?

    Jan 12, 2015

    Air pollution has been one of the most harmful consequences of China's last three decades of economic transformation and growth. China must address its air-pollution problem soon, but approaches to improve air quality come at a cost.

  • UCLA-RAND Center for Law & Public Policy Conference

    Jan 12, 2015

    This conference aims to foster discussion and debate around state court budgeting and develop a community of practice around decisionmaking in order to improve methods and tools and facilitate their use in practice in an era of fiscal austerity.

  • Interactive Tool for Ranking Corrections Innovation Needs

    Jan 6, 2015

    Institutional and community corrections agencies are facing increasingly complex tasks and challenges that call for innovative tools, technology, practices, and approaches. Given resource constraints, a tool to establish priorities among a multitude of possible innovations can help agencies improve their ability to protect and serve.

  • Innovation in the U.S. Corrections Sector: What Are the Opportunities?

    Jan 6, 2015

    The public has high expectations for corrections agencies to protect society. To meet this goal, agencies are recognizing that innovation in technology and practices is crucial. A method of ranking to assess what is in use today and to predict high priority future needs is a way to map the opportunities.

  • Can Big Data Help Build Trust in the Police?

    Dec 11, 2014

    After two controversial grand jury decisions not to indict police in the deaths of unarmed African Americans, a White House task force has 90 days to provide recommendations for promoting accountability among law enforcement agencies to cultivate trust between police and communities. The timeline may seem impossible, but, sadly, these issues are old and the solutions are well known.

  • Lessons Learned from Implementing Infrastructure Resilience Guidelines

    Dec 9, 2014

    The Presidential Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force developed guidelines to ensure that federal agencies incorporate key principles of resilience into their formulation, evaluation, and prioritization of infrastructure investments related to Sandy rebuilding. An initial assessment of the implementation of the guidelines identifies opportunities and challenges.

  • U.S.-China Global Warming Deal Could Signal Shift on Climate Change

    Dec 9, 2014

    The U.S.-China agreement on limiting greenhouse gas emissions represents a significant and welcome shift in the international approach to addressing climate change. For the first time, a large developing country has agreed to limit its greenhouse gas emissions—a crucial step since these countries have become the world’s largest sources.

  • The Changing Role of Criminal Law in Controlling Corporate Behavior

    Dec 9, 2014

    What should be the role of criminal law in controlling corporate behavior? Researchers measure the current use of criminal sanctions in controlling corporate behavior and offer suggestions about how doing so might be improved.