News and Events in RAND Justice, Infrastructure, and Environment

  • A Framework for Programming and Budgeting for Cybersecurity

    Jan 20, 2016

    When defending an organization, cybersecurity professionals must choose from a large set of defensive measures while operating with a limited set of resources. What is the menu of actions for defending against an attack? And how can defenders navigate the selection process?

  • How Legalizing Marijuana in VT Might Affect Revenues, Budgets

    Jan 19, 2016

    Vermonters spend between $125 and $225 million on marijuana each year. There are many factors to consider when projecting the budgetary effects legalization might have, but policy changes do not need to be permanent. Starting with incremental change and/or incorporating a sunset provision might make more sense.

  • Oregon Standoff Shouldn't Have an Anti-Terrorism Twist

    Jan 13, 2016

    Dwight and Steven Hammond were charged under a law enacted to fight terrorism, not rein in wayward ranchers. Anti-terrorist laws should not be used to strengthen prosecutors' hands in nonterrorist prosecutions—it makes national security needs look like an instrument of oppression.

  • COP21: Ambition and Momentum

    Dec 17, 2015

    Negotiators in Paris achieved a historic breakthrough by adopting a fundamentally different, and likely more effective, institutional framework to address climate change. It builds on two concepts missing from past attempts to forge a global treaty: voluntary participation and adaptive policymaking.

  • Climate Change Is a National Security Issue, but Not for the Reasons You Think

    Dec 16, 2015

    All U.S. policy decisions can and should be guided by clear evidence. Climate change policy is no exception. The United States should focus on addressing the clearest vulnerabilities, such as securing coastal defense infrastructure.

  • Using Cost-Effectiveness Analysis to Prioritize Spending on Traffic Safety

    Dec 14, 2015

    In deciding how to allocate funds targeting traffic safety, policymakers must determine the appropriate trade-off between cost-effectiveness and equity among states. A new tool helps determine the most cost-effective interventions to reduce motor vehicle crash-related injuries and deaths.

  • Electronic Surveillance of Mobile Devices for Law Enforcement

    Dec 10, 2015

    Mobile phones collect and retain enormous amounts of information that can be useful in criminal investigations. However, state and local law enforcement face substantial challenges when accessing these data.

  • Keeping Hackers Away from Your Car, Fridge, and Front Door

    Dec 7, 2015

    In the ever-growing Internet of Things, attackers already outpace the defenders. If developing solutions for software liability doesn't become more of a priority, there may be no winning this technological war.

  • It's Getting Harder and Harder to Live on Top of the World

    Nov 30, 2015

    Climate change has hit the Arctic hard, and communities like Barrow, Alaska, bear the brunt of it. Adaption measures will be essential to protect these vulnerable communities, as well as mitigation on a macro level.

  • How Multi-Layered Aviation Security Protects Against Adaptive Attackers

    Nov 24, 2015

    Layered security is key to modern aviation security, but the pieces of a multi-layered defense system may not combine as straightforwardly as expected. When considering the behavior of an adaptive attacker, assessing the effectiveness of layered security becomes even more complex.

  • COP 21 Not a Silver Bullet on Climate Change

    Nov 24, 2015

    The Paris climate conference cannot provide the engine that will drive a solution to the world's climate change challenge. Rather, it can best serve as a mediator that will help guide and structure the swirling, bottom-up process of radical change that is the best hope of preserving Earth's climate.

  • Ensuring Robust Water Management Strategies in Lima-Callão, Peru

    Nov 16, 2015

    Water resource agencies around the world are grappling with how to make smart investments to ensure long-term water reliability at a time of unprecedented water stress, growing demands, uncertain climate change, and limited budgets.

  • What's Next on the Convicted Terrorist's Timeline?

    Nov 4, 2015

    As inmates near the end of their sentences for terrorism-related offenses, and with some individuals already freed, it's time to explore what considerations may be necessary.

  • When Public Trust in Corporations Is Shaken

    Oct 28, 2015

    The Volkswagen scandal comes at a time when the public's trust in both the automotive industry and tech companies is at risk. The level of public trust in an individual organization could end up burnishing — or infecting — an entire industry or new technology.

  • How to Overcome the Risks of Artificial Intelligence

    Oct 22, 2015

    The warnings and promises of artificial intelligence aren't new, but advances in technology make them more pressing.

  • Current and Future Flood Risk in Greater New Orleans

    Oct 20, 2015

    Since Hurricane Katrina, efforts to improve coastal defenses have significantly reduced the flood risk for New Orleans, but that risk may increase in the future unless levees are maintained or further upgraded.

  • Adapting to a Hotter World

    Oct 2, 2015

    Because climate change is largely irreversible, mitigation alone won't solve the problem. While mitigation will prevent even greater, future climatic changes, adaptation — efforts to adjust to climate change's effects — will prepare the world for a new set of living conditions, whatever they may be.

  • California's Drought and Water Policy

    Sep 30, 2015

    Leadership from the California Farm Bureau Federation, the California Water Commission, and the Association of California Water Agencies discuss solutions to the water crisis. This event is open to the public; Policy Circle members are invited to a pre-event reception and will receive reserved seating.

  • Why Selling Oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Is a Bad Idea

    Sep 15, 2015

    Some lawmakers are proposing a sell-off of oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve to finance highway and bridge work. This is a shortsighted strategy.

  • Creating a Smart Market for California Water

    Sep 13, 2015

    A smart market approach could reduce the transaction costs of trading water in California, allow the price of water to better match its value, and bring that value to the state.

  • What Hurricane Katrina Taught Us About Community Resilience

    Sep 8, 2015

    Hurricane Katrina left a path of destruction, death, and suffering in its wake. Its recovery, halting and incomplete as it has been, has taught us valuable lessons about resiliency.

  • Improving Information-Sharing Across Law Enforcement

    Sep 4, 2015

    Progress has been made on information-sharing efforts within law enforcement. But there are limitations to existing technology and policy. Stakeholders can take action to build on this progress in both the short and long term.

  • Police Officers Face Risk of Traffic Injuries Under Many Conditions

    Sep 1, 2015

    Vehicle crashes are the largest cause of death among police in the United States. Knowing the risk factors can help law enforcement agencies take steps to lower the risk of injury collisions, such as restricting motorcycle use to situations where the use of other vehicles is not feasible.

  • Aligning Education and Training to Meet Energy Workforce Needs

    Aug 31, 2015

    Energy-sector employers in West Virginia and southwestern Pennsylvania report having difficulty filling semiskilled jobs. And the sector's technology is changing quickly. How can the region's leaders improve the workforce-development pipeline?

  • Overcoming Obstacles to Advanced Nuclear Reactor Technologies

    Aug 31, 2015

    If nuclear fission is to play a big role in the future of the U.S. energy supply, a more cost-effective type of nuclear power plant must be commercialized. But there are barriers to commercializing next-generation nuclear reactors. How can policymakers overcome them?