RAND Research on Entrepreneurship and Small Business
Small business being such an overarching field, many research units within RAND have conducted related studies. Here, we provide links to some recent reports and working papers.
Explores the role entrepreneurship plays in the lives of the economically disadvantaged in both India and the United States.
Assessing the Impact of Requiring Justification and Approval Review for Sole Source 8(a) Native American Contracts in Excess of $20 Million — 2012
Participants in the federal 8(a) Business Development Program can receive low-value procurement contracts without competitive bidding; certain firms can receive contracts of any size. Concern over these firms' advantage led Congress to require a justification and approval process for contracts over $20 million. The effect is still emerging, but it may delay large contracts more than reduce the number awarded because the underlying need remains.
State small-group health insurance reforms, implemented in the 1990s, aimed at controlling the variability of health insurance premiums and to improve access to health insurance. These reforms only affected firms within a specific size range, and as a result, they may have affected the size of small firms around the legislative threshold and may also have affected the propensity of small firms to offer health insurance.
Data from the Current Population Survey are used to conduct a detailed analysis of the determinants of entrepreneurship at the individual level to find what effect the ''Great Recession'' have on business formation.
According to representatives of the company interviewed for this case study, there has been a greater willingness to recruit people aged 50 or more during the economic cycle of the past two to three years, but this is cyclical.
Impact of the Recession on Age Management Policies: Case Study: Vienna General Hospital (AKH Wien), Austria — 2012
Vienna General Hospital sees the importance of the tackling the issue of ageing in terms of organisational strategy, organisational culture, personal development, organisation of work, and individual health of employees.
The experience of Made in Inox shows that micro-businesses are unlikely to have a dedicated human resources policy.
Impact of the Recession on Age Management Policies: Case Study: Borealis Agrolinz Melamine GmbH, Austria — 2012
While age management at the Borealis Group has always made use of generous regulations for early retirement there has also been a movement to maintain older workers in the workplace by creating sustainable work processes and adapting work practices to take into account employees' needs.
The Department of Defense (DoD) has had mixed results in meeting some of its mandated small business goals. The authors of this report research the general evolution of federal small business policy and how this has affected DoD, the challenges that evolving procurement needs pose to efforts by DoD to fulfill small business policy goals, and what the current practices of large private-sector firms toward small businesses suggest about the feasibility of DoD small business policies.
Raises concerns that the bundling of health insurance and employment may discourage business creation.
Examines whether the focus on employer-provided health insurance in the United States may restrict business creation.
Finds that the Affordable Care Act will increase the percentage of employers that offer health coverage to workers: from 57 percent to 80 percent for firms with 50 or fewer workers, and from 90 percent to 98 percent for firms with 51 to 100 workers.
Estimation of the Department of Defense Small Business Innovation Research Program Treatment Effect — 2010
Examines if the Department of Defense Small Business Innovation Research program positively influences commercial viability and what is the most effective means of evaluating this question.
Establishing State Health Insurance Exchanges: Implications for Health Insurance Enrollment, Spending, and Small Businesses — 2010
The RAND Corporation's Comprehensive Assessment of Reform Efforts microsimulation model predicts that the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act will increase insurance offer rates among small businesses. By 2016, offer rates would increase from 53 to 77 percent for firms with ten or fewer workers, from 71 to 90 percent for firms with 11 to 25 workers, and from 90 percent to nearly 100 percent for firms with 26 to 100 workers.
Examines Indian entrepreneurial performance and success in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom using census data.
Examines evidence of the importance of liquidity constraints on entrepreneurship using longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study on workers over age 50.
Small Business Assistance Programs in the United States: An Analysis of What They Are, How Well They Perform, and How We Can Learn More About Them — 2010
This study documents the most important public and private programs designed to promote self-employment and small business creation and critically examines the existing research on the effect of those programs. The authors find that business and self-employment assistance programs are heterogeneous in important dimensions.
Health Savings Accounts for Small Businesses and Entrepreneurs: Shopping, Take-Up and Implementation Challenges — 2010
The Health Savings Account marketplace may have expanded access to health insurance for the smallest firms but not for small firms more generally, who face challenges in implementing them.
Catalysts of Entrepreneurship -- Policies for Growth: International Conference on Entrepreneurship — 2009
The first International Conference on Entrepreneurship was held at the Indian School of Business on June 5–6, 2009. Participants presented research on and discussed policy issues affecting the growth of entrepreneurship in India, with special emphasis on education and the effective utilization of infrastructure. This document summarizes the proceedings and includes several of the speakers' presentations.
Self-Employment among Older Workers: Assistance Programs, Liquidity Constraints and Employment Patterns — 2009
Examines self-employment among older workers.
Small Business Assistance Programs in the United States: An Analysis of What They Are, How Well They Perform, and How We Can Learn More about Them — 2008
Studies the most important public and private programs designed to promote self-employment and small business creation, examines the existing research on the effect of those programs, and identifies new directions for future research on this topic.
The report examines the unique purchase needs of the Department of Defense, contract “bundling,” subcontracting in professional services and research and development, opportunities in the Small Business Innovation Research and the Mentor-Protégé Programs, electronic payment systems, and whether firms “graduate” from the programs or increase in size.
The authors assess the impact of liability on various small-business firms, using caps on non-economic damages as a measure of liability pressure, comparing the number of small businesses before and after supreme court decisions to strike down caps.
Is the Economic Burden of Providing Health Insurance Greater for Small Firms Than for Large Firms? — 2008
This research brief reports that, from 2000 to 2005, the economic burden of providing health insurance increased for employers, especially for the smallest firms, and that small firms offered plans of slightly lower quality than did large firms.
More than 60 percent of nonelderly Americans receive health-insurance (HI) coverage through employers. However, rising health-care costs may threaten the long-term viability of the employer-based insurance system. This report explores trends in the economic burden associated with HI provision for small and large businesses, as well as the quality of plans that small and large firms offer.