RAND Summer Institute Speakers Bios for 2007 Conference
- David Barker, University of Southampton, UK & Oregon Health and Science University
- John Cacioppo, University of Chicago
- Judith Campisi, University of California, Berkeley
- Donald Cox, Boston College
- Alan Gustman, Dartmouth College
- Michael Hurd, RAND
- Laurence Kotlikoff, Boston University
- Robert Levenson, University of California, Berkeley
- Carol M. Mangione, University of California, Los Angeles
- John Morton, Stanford University
- Jacques Rossouw, National Heart Lung and Blood Institute
- David T. Scadden, Harvard University
- Gary Small, University of California, Los Angeles
- Paul J. Zak, Claremont Graduate University
University of Southampton, UK
Oregon Health and Science University
Dr. David Barker is a physician and researcher. In 1989, with colleagues at the MRC Unit, University of Southampton, he discovered the relationship between birth weight and the lifetime risk for coronary heart disease. He showed that the lower the weight of a baby at birth and during infancy, the higher the risk for coronary heart disease in later life. The risk of heart disease falls across the entire range of birth weight. This implies that normal variations in the transfer of food from mothers to babies have profound long-term implications for the health of the next generation. Later studies showed that low birth weight is associated with an increased risk of hypertension, stroke and type 2 diabetes. This led to the 'Fetal Origins Hypothesis,' which proposes that coronary heart disease originates through responses to under nutrition during fetal life and infancy, which permanently change the body's structure, physiology and metabolism. The hypothesis is strongly supported by studies in animals. David Barker has published more than two hundred papers and written or edited five books about the developmental origins of chronic disease.
Dr. Barker has been recognized internationally for his work: In 1998, he was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society of London. He has received a number of international awards. In 2003, by Her Royal Highness Princess Anne presented him with a personal award.
Dr. Barker's work is relevant to both Western countries and to the Third World. In the Western world, many babies remain poorly nourished because their mothers eat diets that are unbalanced in macronutrients and deficient in micronutrients, or because their mothers are excessively thin or over weight. In the Third World, many girls and young women are chronically malnourished.
In his new book, Foundation for a Lifetime, he sets out for parents and parents to be, how mother's diets, children's growth and adult lifestyles can protect against disease in later life.
University of Chicago
Department of Psychology
Cacioppo is the Tiffany and Margaret Blake Distinguished Service Professor at The University of Chicago and the Director of the University of Chicago Center for Cognitive and Social Neuroscience. He served as President of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, the Society for Psychophysiological Research, and the Society for Consumer Psychology, and he is a past member of the Board of Directors of the Association for Psychological Science and the Ohio State University Research Foundation. He has been elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Society of Experimental Psychologists, the Society of Experimental Social Psychology, and a Distinguished Member of Psi Chi, and he is a Fellow of the Association for Psychological Science (Charter Member), the American Psychological Association (Divisions 1, 3, 6, 8, 23, & 38), American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Academy of Behavioral Medicine Research, World Innovation Foundation, International Organization of Psychophysiology, Society for Personality and Social Psychology, and Society of Behavioral Medicine. He received the Distinguished Scientific Award for an Early Career Contribution to Psychophysiology, an honorary Doctor of Science degree from Bard College, the Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award from the American Psychological Association, the Troland Research Award from the National Academy of Sciences, the Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions to Psychophysiology from the Society for Psychophysiological Research, the Donald Campbell Award from the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, the Keynote Speaker at the 2002 Annual Meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, and the Patricia R. Barchas Award from the American Psychosomatic Society. Cacioppo is the former Editor of Psychophysiology and a former Associate Editor of Psychological Review and of Psychophysiology. He is currently a member of the National Advisory Council on Aging of the US Department of Health and Human Services, an Associate Editor of Perspectives on Psychological Science, an Associate Editor of Social Neuroscience, a former Editor of Psychophysiology, and the President-Elect (2006-2007) of the Association for Psychological Science.
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and Buck Institute for Age Research
Judith Campisi received her doctorate in Biochemistry from the State University of New York, Stony Brook, and postdoctoral training in the area of cell cycle regulation and cancer at the Harvard Medical School. As an Assistant Professor at the Boston University Medical School, she became interested the control of cellular senescence and its role in tumor suppression and aging. In 1991, she moved her research program to the Berkeley National Laboratory, where she continues to study cellular senescence and has established a broad program in various aspects of aging. In 2002, she established a second laboratory at the Buck Institute for Age Research, the first free-standing institute devoted to aging research in the US. She is the recipient of two MERIT awards from the National Institute on Aging (1995, 2005), Senior Scholar award from the Ellison Medical Foundation, the AlliedSignal Award (1997), and awards from the Gerontological Society of America (1999) and American Federation for Aging Research (2002) for her research on aging. She serves on several editorial boards and advisory boards.
Department of Economics
Donald Cox has his Ph.D. in Economics from Brown University. A Professor of Economics at Boston College, his research interests include Intergenerational Transfers, Biology and Economics, Economic Development, and Labor Economics. Currently his main interest is the connection between reproductive biology and intergenerational transfer behavior. He is currently working on a paper entitled "Biological Basics and Intergenerational Transfers".
Department of Economics
Alan L. Gustman is Professor of Economics at Dartmouth College and holds the Loren M. Berry Chair in Economics. He has taught labor economics and economic theory at Dartmouth since 1969. He is also a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) in their programs in Labor Studies and Aging, serves as a Co-Principal Investigator of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and is a member of the Executive Committee of the University of Michigan Retirement Research Center. For the last two decades, Gustman's research has focused on four central issues in labor economics and the economics of aging: retirement, pensions, Social Security and saving. Together with Thomas Steinmeier, he has examined how retirement is defined, and has contributed explanations for the wide differences in retirement behavior among individuals; has investigated the variety of incentives observed in pension plans and the sharp trends in these incentives over time; has analyzed how pensions and Social Security affect retirement and saving behavior, and has considered related public policy questions pertaining to Social Security, pension regulation, and labor market and retirement income policies. Most recently, Gustman and Steinmeier have authored a series of articles using the Social Security earnings histories and employer provided pension data from the Health and Retirement Study to examine the importance of pensions and Social Security in the wealth, savings and retirement behavior of those in the United States over the age of 50, to study Social Security policies, and to document the extent of and effects of imperfect knowledge of pensions and Social Security.
Michael Hurd received a Masters Degree in Statistics and a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of California, Berkeley. He has research papers on the structure of private pensions and Social Security and their effects on retirement decisions, the economic status of the elderly, the determinants of consumption and saving (particularly mortality risk), forecasting the economic status of the elderly, and the determinants of the use of health care services among the elderly. His current work includes the effects of pensions on retirement, the use of subjective information, particularly survival probabilities, to explain economic decisions such as saving and retirement, methods of assessing uncertainty in a population, bracketing and anchoring effects in the elicitation of economic information, and the relationship between socioeconomic status and mortality. He served on the Technical Panel of Experts (1990) and the Panel of Experts (1991) to the Social Security Advisory Council, on the Advisory Committee for the World Bank Old-Age Security Study, on the Panel on Retirement Income Modeling, Committee on National Statistics, National Research Council, 1995-1996, on the Workshop on Priorities for Data on the Aging Population, Committee on National Statistics, National Research Council, 1996 and on the Panel on Access to Research Data, Committee on National Statistics, National Research Council, 2003-2005. He is a Co-PI of the Health and Retirement Study, and a consultant to the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing and to the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe. He is the Director of the RAND Center for the Study of Aging and a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Department of Economics
Laurence J. Kotlikoff is Professor of Economics at Boston University, Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research, Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Fellow of the Econometric Society, and President of Economic Security Planning, Inc., a company specializing in financial planning software.
Professor Kotlikoff received his B.A. in Economics from the University of Pennsylvania in 1973 and his Ph.D. in Economics from Harvard University in 1977. From 1977 through 1983 he served on the faculties of economics of the University of California, Los Angeles and Yale University. In 1981-82 Professor Kotlikoff was a Senior Economist with the President's Council of Economic Advisers. Professor Kotlikoff has served as a consultant to the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the Harvard Institute for International Development, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, the Swedish Ministry of Finance, the Norwegian Ministry of Finance, the Bank of Italy, the Bank of Japan, the Bank of England, the Government of Russia, the Government of Bolivia, the Government of Bulgaria, the Treasury of New Zealand, the Office of Management and Budget, the U.S. Department of Education, the U.S. Department of Labor, the Joint Committee on Taxation, The Commonwealth of Massachusetts, The American Council of Life Insurance, Merrill Lynch, Fidelity Investments, AT&T, and other major U.S. corporations. He has provided expert testimony on numerous occasions to committees of Congress including the Senate Finance Committee, the House Ways and Means Committee, and the Joint Economic Committee.
Professor Kotlikoff is author or co-author of 11 books and hundreds of professional journal articles. His most recent book, co-authored with Scott Burns, is entitled The Coming Generational Storm. Professor Kotlikoff publishes extensively in newspapers, and magazines on issues of deficits, generational accounting, the tax structure, social security, Medicare, health reform, pensions, saving, insurance, and personal finance.
University of California, Berkeley
Robert W. Levenson works in the areas of human psychophysiology and affective neuroscience, both of which involve studying the interplay between psychological and physiological processes. Much of his work focuses on the nature of human emotion, in terms of its physiological manifestations, variations in emotion associated with age, gender, culture and clinical pathology, and the role emotion plays in interpersonal interactions. Dr. Levenson's research group is currently focusing primarily on two major projects: a study of emotion and aging and a study of the impact of neurodegenerative diseases on emotional functioning, both supported by grants from the National Institute of Aging.
Carol M. Mangione
David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles
Carol M. Mangione, M.D., M.S.P.H., is a Professor in the Department of Medicine of the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and is a consultant in the RAND Health Program. Dr. Mangione is the Director of the NIA funded UCLA Resource Center for Minority Aging Research / Center for Health Improvement of Minority Elderly and is an Associate Director of the UCLA Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program. She is a nationally-known expert in area of eye diseases, quality of life, and outcomes of vision care. Dr. Mangione has provided technical expertise in the areas of study design and measurement of health in over 10 federally funded studies. She is the principal investigator for 4 federally funded research projects.
Dr. Mangione's currently funded research focuses on the care that older Latinos and African Americans with diabetes receive. As part of this research agenda she is a principal investigator for a project funded by the Centers for Disease Control to study the quality of care for persons from ethnic and racial minority groups with diabetes in managed care settings. This study also focuses on the management of hyperlipidemia and cardiovascular disease among the participants. Most recently, Dr. Mangione has received an RO-1 grant from the National Institutes of Health to conduct an empowerment intervention among older Latinos with diabetes to improve their self-care skills. She is conducting this study collaboratively with Dr. Keith Norris and a research team at Drew. She has designed a similar study that was successfully funded as part of the UCLA Pepper Center competitive renewal that provides additional funds to extend the study to older African Americans. Senior and junior minority faculty at both UCLA (Dr. Arleen Brown) and Drew (Drs. Keith Norris, Diana Echevarry and Jose Calderon) are active co-investigators in these studies and play important roles in many aspects of the research.
Stanford School of Medicine
Dr. Morton is an Assistant Professor of Surgery and Director of Bariatric Surgery at Stanford Hospital & Clinics. He attended Tulane University School of Medicine and completed his surgery residency at Swedish Medical Center in Seattle, WA. He has completed two fellowships: a research fellowship at the University of Washington as a Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholar and a minimally invasive surgical fellowship at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Dr. Morton was a member of the University of North Carolina surgical faculty for two years before arriving at Stanford. He is a member of the American Bariatric Surgical Society (ASBS), Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES), and Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract (SSAT). He has been a member of the Stanford faculty since July 2003 and has been performing bariatric surgery since July 2001.
National Heart Lung and Blood Institute
Jacques Rossouw, MD, joined the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) in 1989. A graduate of the University of Cape Town in South Africa, he trained in internal medicine and hepatology. He is the chief of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Branch at NHLBI. WHI comprises a set of clinical trials and observational studies involving over 161,000 postmenopausal women investigating risk factors and testing prevention strategies for heart disease, cancers of the breast and the large bowel, and fractures due to osteoporosis in women. Dr. Rossouw's areas of interest include the examination of epidemiologic data on lipids and coronary heart disease, and he has performed several meta-analyses of cholesterol lowering clinical trials. He also participated in formulating the National Cholesterol Education Program guidelines for adults and children. Prior to joining NHLBI, he was the Director of the National Research Institute for Nutritional Diseases of the South African Medical Research Council, where he was responsible for launching the Coronary Risk Factor Study (CORIS), a community prevention trial. Dr. Rossouw is the author or coauthor of more than 150 articles and book chapters on a variety of topics, including postmenopausal hormone therapy and cardiovascular disease, lipids, nutrition, and community intervention studies.
David T. Scadden, MD
Harvard Medical School
David Scadden is the Gerald and Darlene Jordan Professor of Medicine at Harvard University and a practicing hematologist/oncologist. He and Professor Douglas Melton jointly direct the Harvard Stem Cell Institute, whose mission is to organize, enable and inspire the intellectual resources of Harvard University to fulfill the promise of stem cells. Dr. Scadden heads the Center for Regenerative Medicine at the Massachusetts General Hospital and oversees the Hematologic Malignancies program in the MGH Cancer Center. He is an authority on the medical applications of stem cell biology with a particular emphasis on their use in the settings of cancer and AIDS. His laboratory has made key contributions in how the stem cell context or niche regulates stem cell function, in defining the molecules limiting stem cell growth and in discovering a molecular basis for stem cell aging. He is on the Board of Scientific Counselors for the National Cancer Institute, the Board of External Experts for the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, is an Associate Member of the Broad Institute, serves on multiple editorial boards and scientific advisory boards and is the recipient of honorary awards including from the Doris Duke Charitable Trust, the Burroughs Wellcome Fund and the Leukemia and Lymphoma Society. His focus is to broaden the view of stem cells from replacement parts to targets for drug based therapies, using medications to enhance stem cell repair of damaged organs or impair the growth of cancer stem cells. His goal is to translate stem cell science to improve the lives of people with chronic disease.
UCLA Center on Aging
Gary Small, MD, Professor of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, is the Director of the UCLA Center on Aging and one of the world's leading physician/scientists in the fields of memory and longevity. He has developed breakthrough brain-imaging technology that allows physicians to detect brain aging and Alzheimer's disease years before patients show symptoms.
Dr. Small has also authored over 500 scientific publications, received numerous awards, written three popular books (The Memory Bible, The Memory Prescription, and The Longevity Bible), and was named one of the world's top innovators in science and technology by Scientific American Magazine. Dr. Small's research has been featured in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Los Angeles Times, Time and Newsweek magazines and he appears frequently on numerous national television shows including NBC's TODAY Show, ABC's 20/20, and Good Morning America.
Paul J. Zak
Claremont Graduate University School of Politics and Economics
Dr. Paul Zak holds a Ph.D. Economics from the University of Pennsylvania. Currently he is the Founding Director for the Center for Neuroeconomics Studies. He is also an adjunct Professor of Neurology at Loma Linda University and a Research Fellow for the Gruter Institute for Law and Behavioral Research Professor Zak's research and teaching integrates neuroscience and economics into a new discipline, neuroeconomics. His current research focuses social cognition producing cooperation or conflict, decision- making under uncertainty, the neural foundation of human capital, and the effect of institutional design on economic