Publications of the RAND Center for Disability Research
Does Disability Insurance Receipt Discourage Work? Using Examiner Assignment to Estimate Causal Effects of SSDI Receipt — 2012
Presents the first estimates of the causal effects of Social Security Disability Insurance receipt on labor supply estimated using the entire population of program applicants.
Research Designs for Estimating Induced Entry into the SSDI Program Resulting from a Benefit Offset — 2010
Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) provides income replacement to individuals who are largely unable to work because of a long-lasting health condition. SSDI participants who earn above a substantial gainful activity (SGA) threshold have their benefits suspended, following a Trial Work Period. A proposed "benefit offset" would instead reduce SSDI benefits by $1 for every $2 earned above the SGA threshold. This report describes two approaches to estimating the induced entry effects of the proposed policy.
Uses anchoring vignettes to identify justification bias and other forms of differential item functioning across countries and socio-economic groups among older workers in the U.S. and Europe.
Investigates the role of pain dynamics in dynamics of self-reported work disability and of employment patterns of older workers in the United States. In addition to high pain prevalence, there are many transitions in and out of pain at these ages.
In contrast to the believed similarity in their health outcomes, workers in different Western countries report very different rates of work disability. Using new data from the United States and the Netherlands, we offer a partial resolution to this paradox. We find that observed differences in reported work disability largely stem from the fact that Dutch respondents have a lower threshold in reporting whether they have a work disability than American respondents. For those who do not suffer from pain, work disability is similar in both countries once thresholds are the same. For respondents with pain, however, a significant difference remains.
Examines the role of social influences on people's perception of their worklimitations.
Investigates how pain affects the self-reported work disability and employment of elderly workers in the United States.
Work Disability is a Pain in the *****, Especially in England, The Netherlands, and the United States — 2005
This paper investigates the role of pain in determining self-reported work disability in the U.S., the U.K. and The Netherlands.
Self-reported work disability is analyzed in the US and The Netherlands.
Self-reported work disability is analyzed in the US, the UK and the Netherlands.