Data Collection Methods Used by the Center for Latin American Social Policy
Advanced capabilities, such as RAND's Multimode Interviewing Capability (MMIC) survey software, equip CLASP researchers with optimal tools to design and evaluate policy interventions. MMIC is compatible with existing survey tools and is suited for small and large complex surveys. We conduct Internet, telephone, and paper-and-pencil surveys, as well as computer-assisted personal interviews of households and businesses.
The system allows us to collect respondent self-reports as well as anthropometric measurements and health-related markers. Surveys can be conducted interchangeably in Spanish, Portuguese, and local indigenous languages. The system includes a platform for data dissemination. CLASP also partners with Latin American census bureaus to develop joint survey capabilities and methods.
RAND is advising Ecuador on the collection of data in the Longitudinal Social Protection Survey (Encuesta Longitudinal de Protección Social). The data collected concern Ecuador's social security plans and programs and will be used to design reforms of the social security system.
The standard model of educational decisions predicts no (or minimal) effects of deferral on educational attainment, but this model may not tell the whole story. A study of those who were not accepted by lottery to a Mexican college shows that labor market effects must also be considered.
Does one's level of education influence one's patience? A study examining the time preferences of students accepted by lottery to a Mexican college, compared to those of individuals who were not accepted, indicates that more educated individuals do tend to be more patient.
To understand what policies and incentives influence the decisionmaking patterns of middle-aged and elderly Mexicans, RAND researchers used panel data from the Mexican Health and Aging Study to compare the retirement behavior of non-migrant Mexicans with those who had migration spells to the United States and later returned to Mexico.
To inform the current debate on migrant selection, RAND analyzed the composition and migration flows of return migrants from the United States to Mexico from 1993 to 2004, based on data from the EMIF (Encuesta sobre Migración en la Frontera Norte de México).
Mexico introduced personal retirement accounts in 1997, and it is important to understand who have been the winners and losers of this type of pension reform. The research team used social security administrative records to examine the effects of the Mexican pension system reform and model other outcomes.