Spending declines at small rates at retirement, rates that could be explained by mechanisms such as the cessation of work-related expenses, unexpected retirement due to a health shock or by the substitution of time for spending.
In the Czech Republic, the former "nomenklatura cadres" are able to maintain their advantageous positions in the income hierarchy, mainly because they possess "human capital" and can effectively convert "social capital," accumulated during the communist regime, into economic capital.
It is important to assess economic preparation for retirement in a way that addresses many of the deficiencies of the income replacement rate concept.
A binational effort at labor reform — including the establishment of a binational immigration agency and the passage of a bilateral social security agreement — would benefit both the United States and Mexico.
Rising economic inequality has significant implications on young men's timing of marriage. In particular, the pace of marriage formation depends on the difficulty of the male's career transition as well as on race and schooling.
Mexican migrants who have spent at least a year in the United States before returning home are less likely to have public health insurance or social security benefits, and could be more vulnerable to poverty in old age.
The RAND Corporation has developed a new web registry that aims to increase transparency in the performance and reporting of studies of the impacts of programs, minimizing concerns over several well-known types of bias in research or reporting.
The RAND Behavioral Finance (BeFi) Forum is an annual, day-long event held in Washington, D.C. Videos from the 2013 event include a series of topical panels on curated presentations of academic research followed by discussion by leading practitioners.
At the Inter-American Conference on Social Security, experts from CLASP and the Inter-American Development Bank led a workshop on Management, Protection, and Linking Data for the Regional Strategy to Design a Longitudinal Social Protection Survey (ELPS).
In his book Turnaround, economist Peter Blair Henry argues that the secret to emerging countries' success (and ours) is discipline — sustained commitment to a pragmatic growth strategy. Henry will be visiting PRGS and RAND for the International Development Speaker Series.
Tobacco raises vital current issues of global concern regarding the interaction among international trade and investment laws, public policy, and public health objectives. Professors Mitchell and Voon reflect on the implications of Australia's experience with mandatory standardized tobacco packaging legislation for international health law and policy.
Rising Chinese incomes are increasing domestic agricultural consumption. Because China is severely constrained in these resources, the implications of this demand acceleration will be global. In this talk, Professor Roland-Holst sets out the drivers of China's changing agrifood economy and maps out its implications for global food markets and sustainability.
The monetary cost of dementia in the United States ranges from $157 billion to $215 billion annually, making the disease more costly to the nation than either heart disease or cancer. The greatest cost is associated with providing institutional and home-based long-term care rather than medical services.
PRGS alum David Robalino returns to RAND on March 15 to discuss his World Bank research on social security, labor markets, and fiscal policy in Latin America and the Caribbean, as part of the International Development Speaker Series.
Because of the current regulations surrounding Social Security Disability Insurance, when people receive SSDI it affects their employability and earnings. CDR director Nicole Maestas briefed the Social Security Advisory Board on the urgency of reforming SSDI, followed by a Q&A session with fellow panelists, at a forum in Washington.
Pranab Bardhan, a graduate professor of economics at UC Berkeley, has conducted theoretical and field studies research on rural institutions in poor countries and the political economy of development policies. He will present his research at the February 26 International Development Speaker Series.
In Mexico, government gridlock can be attributed to traditional elites using their power to block reforms that affect their interests or assure those initiatives that protect their privileged status. Denise Dresser will be discussing Mexico's political and socioeconomic challenges as part of the International Development Speaker Series on February 21.
How can developing countries escape "capability traps," in which they pretend to reform by changing how organizations look rather than what they do? Michael Woolcock, professor of public policy at the Harvard Kennedy School, will discuss his research on January 10 as part of the 2012-13 International Development Speaker Series.
Generating foresight and designing policies with regard to international development issues greatly benefits from explicitly taking deep uncertainty, temporal dynamics, and adaptivity into account. Speaker Dr. Erik Pruyt is a methodological advisor to the Dutch government regarding National Safety and Security.
RAND economist and PRGS professor Titus Galama has received an Independent Scientist Award from the National Institute on Aging, a prestigious career development award offered by the National Institutes of Health to foster the development of outstanding scientists.
Research in Matlab, Bangladesh, reveals that the shorter the interpregnancy interval (IPI) following a miscarriage, the more likely the subsequent pregnancy is to result in a live birth. However, very short IPIs are associated with a higher risk of mortality for the infants born after them.
RAND Summer Institute is an annual event sponsored by the RAND Labor and Population Center for the Study of Aging; RSI's two conferences on aging are sponsored by the National Institute on Aging and the NIH Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research and convene in Santa Monica each July.
The BeFi Public Policy Roundtable brings together the brightest minds in behavioral finance to discuss research that combines behavioral science and cognitive psychology with economics and finance.
An infographic portrays the demographic transition underway in Mexico, as its population ages rapidly over the next few decades.
Mexico is facing the demographic and epidemiological challenge of providing financial security and adequate health care to millions of elderly citizens.