The empirical literature documenting the impact of labor market regulation on employment in middle- and upper-income countries is extensive and long-standing. What little data there is for low-income countries suggests regulations have a negative effect on formal employment.
Research on Strengthening Labor Markets
Labor markets depend on sound governmental policy to function efficiently, address demographic challenges, and take advantage of the technological opportunities of the 21st century.
Worldwide, the past 50 years have witnessed a sharp increase in female labor force participation, a gradual decline in labor force participation at older ages, ever-increasing numbers of first-generation immigrants, and growing socioeconomic disparities in income and wealth. Understanding these changes and their consequences is central to formulating sound labor policy.
In much of the developing world, governments are striving to establish policies that will address chronic unemployment of youth, strengthen the position of women in the labor market, transition workers from the public to the private sector, and support an aging population.
RAND Labor and Population research provides the foundation for these policy endeavors.
An Assessment of the Present and Future Labor Market in the Kurdistan Region — Iraq: Implications for Policies to Increase Private-Sector EmploymentJune 27, 2014
The study addresses the question of how the Kurdistan Regional Government can improve the private-sector labor market in the Kurdistan Region–Iraq. Doing so will involve creating mechanisms by which job-seekers can develop the right skills and find employers who will hire them, employers can find the employees they need, and the government can create an enabling environment in which the best matches between job-seekers and employers can be made.
Estimating Intensive and Extensive Tax Responsiveness: Do Older Workers Respond to Income Taxes?June 18, 2014
Studies the impact of income and payroll taxes on intensive and extensive labor supply decisions for workers ages 55-74 using the Health and Retirement Study.
Did the Economic Stimulus Payments of 2008 Reduce Labor Supply? Evidence from Quantile Panel Data EstimationMay 27, 2014
Explores whether the economic stimulus payments of 2008 had significant impacts on labor supply.
National health reform makes it easier for disabled workers to stop working and apply for disability insurance. This study finds that some disabled workers continue working to keep their health insurance but disability applications do not increase.
Strategies for Private-Sector Development and Civil-Service Reform in the Kurdistan Region — Iraq: Arabic-language versionMay 13, 2014
This monograph provides strategies to reemploy civil-service workers in the private sector and to increase private-sector employment in the Kurdistan Region — Iraq. The research is based on a variety of methods, including analyses of survey data, analysis of Kurdistan regional and Iraqi national documents and laws, and a qualitative assessment of numerous conversations with government officials and private-sector employers.