The empirical literature documenting the impact of labor market regulation on employment in middle- and upper-income countries is extensive and long-standing. What little data there is for low-income countries suggests regulations have a negative effect on formal employment.
Research on Strengthening Labor Markets
Labor markets depend on sound governmental policy to function efficiently, address demographic challenges, and take advantage of the technological opportunities of the 21st century.
Worldwide, the past 50 years have witnessed a sharp increase in female labor force participation, a gradual decline in labor force participation at older ages, ever-increasing numbers of first-generation immigrants, and growing socioeconomic disparities in income and wealth. Understanding these changes and their consequences is central to formulating sound labor policy.
In much of the developing world, governments are striving to establish policies that will address chronic unemployment of youth, strengthen the position of women in the labor market, transition workers from the public to the private sector, and support an aging population.
RAND Labor and Population research provides the foundation for these policy endeavors.
Uses data from the Health and Retirement Study to examine what factors influence employer accommodation of newly disabled workers and how effective such accommodations are in retaining workers and discouraging disability insurance applications.
The Kurdistan Region of Iraq needs policy-relevant data to help improve infrastructure, encourage the private sector, attract foreign investment, and foster economic growth. The Kurdistan Region Statistics Office needs to build capacity to collect the data. RAND worked closely with the Office to build capacity by preparing, conducting, and analyzing the first round of a survey of the regional labor force.
Strategies for Private-Sector Development and Civil-Service Reform in the Kurdistan Region — IraqApril 14, 2014
This monograph provides strategies to reemploy civil-service workers in the private sector and to increase private-sector employment in the Kurdistan Region — Iraq. The research is based on a variety of methods, including analyses of survey data, analysis of Kurdistan regional and Iraqi national documents and laws, and a qualitative assessment of numerous conversations with government officials and private-sector employers.
Examines whether small factories in India exhibit faster employment growth than larger factories.
Source of Health Insurance Coverage and Employment Survival Among Newly Disabled Workers: Evidence from the Health and Retirement StudyApril 1, 2014
Using data from the Health and Retirement Study, examines how source of health insurance coverage generally and employer sponsored health insurance specifically affect the employment trajectory following onset of disability.