The empirical literature documenting the impact of labor market regulation on employment in middle- and upper-income countries is extensive and long-standing. What little data there is for low-income countries suggests regulations have a negative effect on formal employment.
Research on Strengthening Labor Markets
Labor markets depend on sound governmental policy to function efficiently, address demographic challenges, and take advantage of the technological opportunities of the 21st century.
Worldwide, the past 50 years have witnessed a sharp increase in female labor force participation, a gradual decline in labor force participation at older ages, ever-increasing numbers of first-generation immigrants, and growing socioeconomic disparities in income and wealth. Understanding these changes and their consequences is central to formulating sound labor policy.
In much of the developing world, governments are striving to establish policies that will address chronic unemployment of youth, strengthen the position of women in the labor market, transition workers from the public to the private sector, and support an aging population.
RAND Labor and Population research provides the foundation for these policy endeavors.
Strategies for Private-Sector Development and Civil-Service Reform in the Kurdistan Region — IraqApril 14, 2014
This monograph provides strategies to reemploy civil-service workers in the private sector and to increase private-sector employment in the Kurdistan Region — Iraq. The research is based on a variety of methods, including analyses of survey data, analysis of Kurdistan regional and Iraqi national documents and laws, and a qualitative assessment of numerous conversations with government officials and private-sector employers.
Examines whether small factories in India exhibit faster employment growth than larger factories.
Source of Health Insurance Coverage and Employment Survival Among Newly Disabled Workers: Evidence from the Health and Retirement StudyApril 1, 2014
Using data from the Health and Retirement Study, examines how source of health insurance coverage generally and employer sponsored health insurance specifically affect the employment trajectory following onset of disability.
Medical Care Spending and Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from Workers' Compensation ReformsFebruary 28, 2014
Explores the question of whether spending on health care in the United States delivers enough value to justify the cost by studying the causal relationship between medical care spending and labor outcomes.
The Effect of Local Labor Demand Conditions on the Labor Supply Outcomes of Older AmericansNovember 19, 2013
Measures the effects of local labor demand conditions on a host of outcomes for older individuals including employment, retirement, Social Security claiming, wages, and job characteristics.