Projects on Terrorism and Emergency Preparedness
A Risk-Informed Capabilities-Based Planning Tool to Support Local Civilian and Military Disaster Preparedness
Naturally occurring disasters and the threat of accidental or intentional ones have been the basis for systematic all-hazards emergency preparedness planning in the United States in recent years. The federal government has provided considerable guidance and funding support for such planning across civilian and military sectors. However, effective local preparedness planning is also critical. RAND assisted the DoD and the VA by developing a tool for risk-informed capabilities-based planning that would be useful to local civilian governments, local VA health providers, and military installations.
Biosurveillance for Influenza and Other Strategic Health Threats
The accelerating spread of the novel A (H5N1) influenza strain and the threat of an emerging human pandemic have highlighted the importance of a comprehensive U.S. Armed Forces health surveillance architecture. RAND examined and recommended ways to optimize use of the DoD Serum Repository, particularly for use in biosurveillance for influenza and other health threats. Overseen by the U.S. Army’s Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, the Serum Repository is the largest longitudinal biospecimen repository in the world.
Assessing Infectious Disease Intelligence
Increased global travel, migration, and commerce have elevated the risk of a global infectious disease outbreak, such as pandemic flu, which could significantly affect U.S. and world security. RAND collected and analyzed information about the worldwide incidence of infectious disease and assessed the need for, and adequacy of, information that will assist U.S. policymakers in preventing and responding to such threats.
Preparing for Terrorist Attacks in the United States
Even before the events of September 11, 2001, threat assessments suggested that the United States should prepare to respond to terrorist attacks inside its borders. RAND examined how military medical assets could be used to support civil authorities in the aftermath of a chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, or conventional high-explosives attack inside the United States.