National Security: Featured Research

  • Motion Imagery Processing and Exploitation (MIPE)

    Oct 29, 2013

    Motion Imagery Processing and Exploitation (MIPE) systems aid analysts in the detection, identification, and tracking of objects of interest and activities of interest in live and archival video. This report defines and investigates the potential of MIPE systems, which can enable military intelligence analysts to respond to the current information deluge and exploit a wide range of motion imagery collections.

  • Improving Air Force Enterprise Resource Planning-Enabled Business Transformation

    Oct 25, 2013

    RAND Project AIR FORCE identified key conditions to aid the success of business transformation enabled by enterprise resource planning systems, challenges the Air Force must address to achieve them, and options for overcoming these challenges.

  • Challenges and Opportunities Ahead for New Homeland Security Secretary

    Oct 24, 2013

    To ensure the Department of Homeland Security makes progress in the current constrained budget environment, its new secretary must put in place a strategic perspective to guide priorities for how to address the country's most pressing problems in disaster management, immigration reform, cybersecurity, violent extremism, and nuclear terrorism.

  • How War on Terrorism Has Evolved

    Oct 23, 2013

    Special operations to capture terrorists are more dangerous than drone strikes, and nimble terrorist adversaries will develop countermeasures to make them even more difficult. But they are politically more acceptable and offer opportunities for intelligence and the visible delivery of justice.

  • The Future of Counterterrorism: Fewer Drones, More Partnerships

    Oct 18, 2013

    Drones are just one of three principal U.S. counterterrorism tools. Special Operations forces are now relying on a more balanced mix of tactics: Launching raids and developing partner forces offer more versatility than drone strikes and will probably become the wave of the future as America's big wars wind down.

  • War Robots Will Lessen Killing — Not Increase It

    Oct 18, 2013

    Could armed autonomous robots embark on a campaign of indiscriminate killing? John Matsumura says there is a convincing base of evidence that robots are more likely to prevent slaughter than engage in it.

  • Robinson's One Hundred Victories Earns Laudatory Reviews

    Oct 17, 2013

    Linda Robinson's One Hundred Victories: Special Ops and the Future of American Warfare shows how special operations forces are evolving to become the go-to force for military operations worldwide. The author, a senior international policy analyst at RAND, draws from her own on-the-ground reporting and interviews with key players inside the national defense community.

  • Leveraging Observations of Security Force Assistance in Afghanistan for Global Operations

    Oct 16, 2013

    Future U.S. Army Security Force Assistance missions, such as those envisioned for the U.S. Army's Regionally Aligned Forces, can benefit from the experience gained in Afghanistan as captured in this report.

  • Zero-Sum Enrichment

    Oct 14, 2013

    Sanctions have taken a heavy toll on the Iranian economy, and the Islamic Republic may finally be motivated to take steps to rein in its nuclear program, including accepting limits on uranium enrichment, in exchange for lessening the pressure.

  • The Challenge of North Korean Biological Weapons

    Oct 11, 2013

    While there is evidence of North Korean biological weapons, little is known with certainty about them and how North Korea would use them. Bruce Bennett addresses the nature of the potential North Korean biological weapon threat and how the ROK and United States should prepare to counter potential attacks.

  • Addressing the Invisible Wounds of War

    Oct 10, 2013

    Before 2007, little was known about how the availability of behavioral health services compared with the need among returning troops—or about the consequences to the nation if these needs were not met.

  • Special Ops and the Future of American Warfare

    Oct 9, 2013

    In One Hundred Victories, acclaimed military expert Linda Robinson shows how the special operations forces are — after a decade of intensive combat operations — evolving to become the go-to force for operations worldwide.

  • Counterinsurgency Scorecard: Afghanistan in Early 2013 Relative to Insurgencies Since World War II

    Oct 7, 2013

    Previous RAND research on historical insurgencies found that a conflict's overall balance of good and bad factors and practices perfectly discriminated its outcome. A RAND study applied this scorecard approach to Afghanistan in early 2013.

  • The Terrorist Threat from Al Shabaab

    Oct 3, 2013

    "At the moment, al Shabaab does not appear to be plotting attacks against the U.S. homeland. But there are several reasons why America should still be concerned about al Shabaab," explains Seth Jones in his October 3, 2013 testimony before the House Foreign Affairs Committee. "Its terrorist attack at Westgate Mall in Kenya and its follow-up attacks are a stark reminder that the Somalia-based group remains lethal."

  • Management Perspectives Pertaining to Root Cause Analyses of Nunn-McCurdy Breaches, Volume 4

    Oct 3, 2013

    Decentralized systems used to track cost growth are examined to determine whether additional guidance and control are needed to make the performance of acquisition programs more transparent. The authors investigate whether key assumptions — so-called "framing assumptions" — could be useful risk management tools.

  • Medical Fitness and Resilience: A Review of Relevant Constructs, Measures, and Links to Well-Being

    Oct 3, 2013

    This report is one of a series designed to support Air Force leaders in promoting resilience among its Airmen, civilian employees, and Air Force families. It examines the relationship between medical fitness and resilience, using key constructs found in the scientific literature, which address preventive care, the presence and management of injuries and chronic conditions, and facilitators and barriers to access of appropriate health care.

  • Physical Fitness and Resilience: A Review of Relevant Constructs, Measures, and Links to Well-Being

    Oct 3, 2013

    This report is one of a series designed to support Air Force leaders in promoting resilience among its Airmen, civilian employees, and Air Force families. It examines the relationship between physical fitness and resilience, using key constructs found in the scientific literature that address work-related physical fitness and health-related physical fitness.

  • Spiritual Fitness and Resilience: A Review of Relevant Constructs, Measures, and Links to Well-Being

    Oct 3, 2013

    This report is one of a series designed to support Air Force leaders in promoting resilience among its Airmen, civilian employees, and Air Force families. It examines the relationship between spiritual fitness and resilience, using key constructs found in the scientific literature: a spiritual worldview, personal religious or spiritual practices, support from a spiritual community, and spiritual coping.

  • Social Fitness and Resilience: A Review of Relevant Constructs, Measures, and Links to Well-Being

    Oct 3, 2013

    One of a series of reports designed to support Air Force leadership in promoting resilience among Airmen, its civilian employees, and Air Force family members, this report examines social fitness, or the combination of resources from social connections that influence how individuals respond to stressful circumstances. It assesses the current social fitness constructs and measures in scientific literature to identify methods of increasing social connectedness and support among U.S. Airmen and their families.

  • Christopher Paul Receives Fulbright Specialist Award

    Oct 2, 2013

    RAND's Christopher Paul has been selected for a Fulbright Specialist project in New Zealand at Massey University's Centre for Defence and Security Studies (CDSS). Collaborating with CDSS, he will provide an internal review of the security studies curriculum and consult on the development of a new internship program and a proposed course of study on irregular warfare.