National Security: Featured Research

  • National Defense Research Institute (NDRI)

    Oct 1, 2015

    The National Defense Research Institute (NDRI), a federally funded research and development center (FFRDC), conducts RAND research for the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), the Joint Staff, the Unified Combatant Commands, the defense agencies, the United States Marine Corps, and the United States Navy.

  • Chinese Threats to U.S. Surface Ships

    Sep 14, 2015

    Discussion about China's military modernization has included little comparative analysis of Chinese and U.S. military capabilities. This brief focuses on improvements to China's ability to target U.S. surface ships, especially aircraft carriers.

  • U.S. and Chinese Air Superiority Capabilities

    Sep 14, 2015

    Discussion about China's military modernization has included little comparative analysis of Chinese and U.S. military capabilities. This brief focuses on improvements to China's ability to contest U.S. air superiority in an Asian conflict.

  • Chinese Attacks on U.S. Air Bases in Asia

    Sep 14, 2015

    Discussion about China's military modernization has included little comparative analysis of Chinese and U.S. military capabilities. This brief focuses on improvements to China's ability to disrupt or degrade U.S. operations by attacking air bases.

  • An Interactive Look at the U.S.-China Military Scorecard

    Sep 14, 2015

    To advance the public debate, RAND Project AIR FORCE used open, unclassified sources to compile 'The U.S.-China Military Scorecard: Forces, Geography, and the Evolving Balance of Power.' Use this interactive graphic to explore the operational areas covered in the report.

  • Tallying the U.S.-China Military Scorecard: Relative Capabilities and the Evolving Balance of Power, 1996–2017

    Sep 14, 2015

    Discussion about China's military modernization has focused on new weapon systems, with little comparative analysis of Chinese and U.S. military forces and development. This brief summarizes a RAND Project AIR FORCE study that seeks to fill this gap.

  • China's Military Modernization Increasingly Challenges U.S. Defense Capabilities in Asia

    Sep 14, 2015

    Although China continues to lag behind the United States in terms of aggregate military hardware and operational skills, it has improved its capabilities relative to those of the U.S. in many critical areas. Moreover, China does not need to catch up fully in order to challenge U.S. ability to conduct effective military operations near the Chinese mainland.

  • Behavioral Health and Service Use Among Civilian Wives of Service Members and Veterans

    Aug 24, 2015

    Are there obstacles to behavioral health care access for service members and veterans of the U.S. military and their families? Concerns for individuals covered by the U.S. Department of Defense Military Health System and the Veterans Health Administration drive this examination of the utilization of behavioral health care among current or former wives of service members and veterans.

  • What Works Best When Building Partner Capacity in Challenging Contexts?

    Aug 21, 2015

    Strategic imperatives sometimes compel the United States to work with partner nations that lack the characteristics that favor success in building partner capacity. What can the United States do in such contexts to maximize prospects for success? Potential challenges and workarounds, are examined to derive recommendations for future engagements.

  • War on the Web

    Jul 23, 2015

    While the U.S. Cyber Command is preparing the nation's defenses for the coming ramp-up in cyberwarfare-like attacks, the messages spread instantly by hordes of attackers through social media may not be receiving the attention they deserve.

  • Family Resilience in the Military

    Jul 10, 2015

    The U.S. Department of Defense has 26 policies related to family resilience, but definitions of it vary across the services. To facilitate a comprehensive view of family resilience programming, a well-articulated, standard definition of family resilience is needed.

  • Tankering Fuel on U.S. Air Force Transport Aircraft: An Assessment of Cost Savings

    Jun 23, 2015

    In an assessment of nearly 95,000 U.S. Air Force flights from 2012, it was determined that tankering fuel would generate cost savings under some circumstances—even without access to market fuel price data.

  • Air National Guard Remotely Piloted Aircraft and Domestic Missions

    Jun 22, 2015

    Air National Guard (ANG) remotely piloted aircrafts (RPAs) may be useful in responding to a variety of domestic threats and potential emergencies. However, there are congressional concerns, as well as operational and policy constraints to be addressed.

  • CASI Advances Understanding of China Aerospace Capabilities

    Jun 22, 2015

    The China Aerospace Studies Institute (CASI) is a partnership of Headquarters U.S. Air Force, the Air University, and RAND to advance understanding of the capabilities, operating concepts, and limitations of China's aerospace forces.

  • Survey System for Addressing Abuse and Misconduct During Basic Military Training

    Jun 18, 2015

    When integrated into an overall feedback system, a survey can help leaders detect and identify ways to reduce abuse and misconduct during basic military training. Results may provide a more complete picture of "ground truth" and help point toward corrective actions.

  • Inventory Reduction Without Regret: Balancing Storage and Rebuy Costs

    Jun 17, 2015

    The Army's parts inventory is seen by some as a source of waste, but disposing of too much inventory can increase long-term costs. The Army should assess the cost of inventory not on its total dollar value but instead on factors such as storage costs, repair costs, and the risk of rebuy.

  • A Framework to Assess the U.S. Global Defense Posture

    Jun 1, 2015

    Changes to Army global positioning depend on the need for greater robustness, faster responsiveness, or deepening a critical security and defense relationship in a given region. A RAND-developed framework may be useful in helping combatant commands plan and assess trade-offs in making these decisions.

  • Faith-Based Organizations and Veteran Reintegration: Enriching the Web of Support

    Jun 1, 2015

    Faith-based organizations (FBOs) are an important resource for veterans as they readjust to civilian life. Interviews with FBOs reveal how they address diverse areas of veteran health and well-being, and suggest ways to better integrate them into the web of support.

  • Coast Guard Sexual Assault and Harassment Is Less Frequent Than in Most Other U.S. Military Services

    May 27, 2015

    Among the more than 39,000 active-component Coast Guard members, between 180 to 390 experienced one or more criminal sexual assaults in the past year, according to estimates from a large survey.

  • Allocating Marine Expeditionary Unit Equipment to Minimize Shortfalls

    May 21, 2015

    In many cases, the available space on a Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) ship falls far short of what is needed for a mission. After determining mission needs and available equipment, MEUs can use a RAND-developed software application to assist in decisionmaking.