National Security: Featured Research

  • War on the Web

    Jul 23, 2015

    While the U.S. Cyber Command is preparing the nation's defenses for the coming ramp-up in cyberwarfare-like attacks, the messages spread instantly by hordes of attackers through social media may not be receiving the attention they deserve.

  • Tankering Fuel on U.S. Air Force Transport Aircraft: An Assessment of Cost Savings

    Jun 23, 2015

    In an assessment of nearly 95,000 U.S. Air Force flights from 2012, it was determined that tankering fuel would generate cost savings under some circumstances—even without access to market fuel price data.

  • Air National Guard Remotely Piloted Aircraft and Domestic Missions

    Jun 22, 2015

    Air National Guard (ANG) remotely piloted aircrafts (RPAs) may be useful in responding to a variety of domestic threats and potential emergencies. However, there are congressional concerns, as well as operational and policy constraints to be addressed.

  • CASI Advances Understanding of China Aerospace Capabilities

    Jun 22, 2015

    The China Aerospace Studies Institute (CASI) is a partnership of Headquarters U.S. Air Force, the Air University, and RAND to advance understanding of the capabilities, operating concepts, and limitations of China's aerospace forces.

  • Survey System for Addressing Abuse and Misconduct During Basic Military Training

    Jun 18, 2015

    When integrated into an overall feedback system, a survey can help leaders detect and identify ways to reduce abuse and misconduct during basic military training. Results may provide a more complete picture of "ground truth" and help point toward corrective actions.

  • Inventory Reduction Without Regret: Balancing Storage and Rebuy Costs

    Jun 17, 2015

    The Army's parts inventory is seen by some as a source of waste, but disposing of too much inventory can increase long-term costs. The Army should assess the cost of inventory not on its total dollar value but instead on factors such as storage costs, repair costs, and the risk of rebuy.

  • A Framework to Assess the U.S. Global Defense Posture

    Jun 1, 2015

    Changes to Army global positioning depend on the need for greater robustness, faster responsiveness, or deepening a critical security and defense relationship in a given region. A RAND-developed framework may be useful in helping combatant commands plan and assess trade-offs in making these decisions.

  • Coast Guard Sexual Assault and Harassment Is Less Frequent Than in Most Other U.S. Military Services

    May 27, 2015

    Among the more than 39,000 active-component Coast Guard members, between 180 to 390 experienced one or more criminal sexual assaults in the past year, according to estimates from a large survey.

  • Allocating Marine Expeditionary Unit Equipment to Minimize Shortfalls

    May 21, 2015

    In many cases, the available space on a Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) ship falls far short of what is needed for a mission. After determining mission needs and available equipment, MEUs can use a RAND-developed software application to assist in decisionmaking.

  • Comparing U.S. Army Systems with Foreign Counterparts

    May 13, 2015

    To address possible capability gaps in its systems, the U.S. Army should examine options for countering long-range rockets, support research and development in robotics, consider approaches to lighten the loads for infantrymen, and examine the need for a new specialized manned reconnaissance aircraft.

  • Measuring and Managing Army Supply Chain Risk

    May 7, 2015

    Researchers developed a NIIN-based methodology in order to assess the supply chain risks that are most critical to the Army, as well as to assess supply chain risk by weapons system and supplier. This methodology may be valuable in helping Army Materiel Command reduce risks stemming from its contracting processes.

  • RAND Military Workplace Study

    May 1, 2015

    The RAND Military Workplace Study (RMWS) is an independent study of sexual assault and military equal employment opportunity (MEO) violations in the active duty and reserve components of the U.S. military, sponsored by the Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office (SAPRO) within the Office of the Secretary of Defense.

  • Evaluating the Implementation of the RESPECT-Mil Program

    Apr 23, 2015

    The Re-Engineering Systems of Primary Care Treatment in the Military (RESPECT-Mil) Program is a system of care designed to screen, assess, and treat PTSD and depression in Army primary care settings. An independent team used existing program data and discussions with key stakeholders to conduct an implementation evaluation of the program.

  • Is Bipartisan National Security Policy Possible in Today's Political Environment?

    Apr 21, 2015

    Should the United States make a nuclear deal with Iran? What threat do cyber attacks pose to our nation? Should there be intelligence reform? In this Events @ RAND podcast, Mike Rogers speaks to these and other timely national security issues.

  • Weighing Options for Australia's Naval Shipbuilding

    Apr 16, 2015

    Australia is examining an enterprise-level naval shipbuilding plan. All three options — sustaining a domestic naval shipbuilding industry, buying ships from foreign shipbuilders, or building ships partially in-country and partially overseas — have complex consequences and trade-offs.

  • Addressing Risks in Security Sector Assistance to Africa's Fragile States

    Apr 15, 2015

    Those responsible for U.S. security sector assistance to the AFRICOM area of responsibility face a dilemma: The countries that are most in need of assistance are usually the ones least able to make positive use of it. Experts provide recommendations on how to better identify and mitigate the risks that accompany security sector assistance in Africa's fragile states.

  • Demands and Requirements for Ultra-Light Tactical Mobility

    Apr 2, 2015

    Vehicles such as ATVs and motorcycles, as well as pack animals, are informally classified by the Army as ultra-light tactical mobility (UTM). UTM can potentially increase operational flexibility, but as the Army plans for future use, it should consider likely impact, risks and threats, and emerging technologies in its investment decisions.

  • Reducing Fuel Consumption in the Air Force

    Mar 24, 2015

    Reducing fuel consumption is an ongoing priority for military and civil operators and Air Mobility Command, but what are the cost-effective options to help the Air Force achieve this goal? Experts consider 16 options and recommend six of them based on cost efficiency and ease of implementation.

  • Dispelling Myths About Armed Drones

    Mar 18, 2015

    The use of armed drones has dramatically increased over the past years, raising widespread fears and leading to calls for new arms control efforts and the establishment of international norms. However, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), as they are also known, are fundamentally misunderstood.

  • Advancing the Careers of Military Spouses

    Jan 27, 2015

    Military spouses face challenges related to military life that can make it difficult for them to maintain and develop careers. The My Career Advancement Account (MyCAA) scholarship is one program designed to help them, but only one in five eligible spouses reported using it.