National Security: Featured Research

  • Reimagining and Modernizing U.S. Airborne Forces for the 21st Century

    Apr 20, 2016

    Many of the challenges the U.S. will face in the coming years across the range of military operations could be deep inland and require rapid response. Airborne forcible entry — with reimagined and modernized airborne forces — would offer decisionmakers options in crises that they do not possess today.

  • Treatment of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in the Military Health System

    Apr 18, 2016

    Among service members diagnosed with a traumatic brain injury, the majority of cases are concussions. Understanding the characteristics of service members with these injuries and their treatment patterns can inform the delivery of high-quality care.

  • Insights from the Deployment Life Study

    Apr 7, 2016

    The final report from the Deployment Life Study presents analyses on marital relationships, family environment, psychological and behavioral health, child well-being, and military integration.

  • Insights from the Deployment Life Study

    Apr 7, 2016

    Study findings describe the effects of deployment on marital relationships, family environment, psychological and behavioral health, child well-being, and military integration.

  • A New Kind of Battlefield Awaits the U.S. Military — Megacities

    Apr 6, 2016

    Megacities are urban areas that seep into one another and have more than 10 million inhabitants. To counter violent non-state actors operating in megacities in the future, the U.S. military will have to be able to piece together a comprehensive and actionable intelligence picture, and under enormously challenging circumstances.

  • U.S. Special Operations Forces in the Philippines, 2001-2014

    Apr 6, 2016

    An average of 500 to 600 U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps special operations units were employed continuously in the Philippines from 2001 through 2014 under the command of a joint special operations task force. This report examines the activities and effects of U.S. special operations capabilities employed in the Philippines.

  • Assessing Homeland Security Risks: A Comparative Risk Assessment of 10 Hazards

    Apr 4, 2016

    In an organization managing risks that can kill hundreds to thousands and with an annual budget in the tens of billions, properly aligning capabilities to risks can save both dollars and lives. Researchers examine ten homeland security risks - including natural disasters, terrorist events, and major accidents - in a systematic fashion.

  • The Online Fight Against ISIS

    Apr 1, 2016

    To prevail against ISIS in cyberspace, the United States and its cyber soldiers will have to be capable of reacting quickly, while being guided by an overarching strategy. Secretary of Defense Carter urged U.S. Cyber Command to intensify the fight against ISIS but it would also be wise to recruit civilian volunteers.

  • Recruiting Strategies to Support the Army's All-Volunteer Force

    Mar 31, 2016

    How can the U.S. Army's ability to use recruiting resources and enlistment eligibility policies be improved to meet accession requirements under varying conditions? Researchers assess the cost of meeting requirements when an optimal mix of television advertising and incentives is feasible, or when an incentive-centric strategy is required.

  • RAND Arroyo Center Annual Report 2015

    Mar 30, 2016

    RAND Arroyo Center is the Army's federally funded research and development center for studies and analyses. Its mission is to help Army leaders make decisions that are informed by independent, objective, high-quality analysis. This annual report describes Arroyo's research activities in FY 2015, with profiles of its three programs providing a close look at the year's research agenda, and summarizes recent publications.

  • The Military Should Increase Efforts to Find and Enlist Young Hackers

    Mar 10, 2016

    Some notorious cyberattacks have been carried out by computer-savvy teens. They don't all have criminal intentions, they just have a particular aptitude for writing code and operating in cyberspace. The U.S. military should consider embracing and cultivating this pool of talent.

  • Do 'Guardian Forces' Belong in the Military?

    Mar 10, 2016

    More and more national security workers in and out of uniform never get close to combat. They address cyber threats, operate satellite constellations, and control drones. It's time to rethink their place in the system.

  • Using Big Data to Identify the Concerns of Potential Army Recruits

    Mar 9, 2016

    How can anonymous data from Internet searches inform how interest in military careers has evolved over time, and by geographic location? Researchers assess empirical applications of web search data, and discuss the prospective value such data can offer Army recruiting efforts.

  • Modularity and Flexibility in Future Ship Designs

    Mar 3, 2016

    What are the U.S. Navy's options for extending the service lives of operational ships by adopting the concepts of modularity and flexibility in ship design? Researchers examine the concepts of modularity and flexibility, technological trends, the current geopolitical context, and lessons from past incorporation of new missions and technologies into naval ships.

  • What Are the Advantages and Risks of Special Warfare?

    Feb 23, 2016

    Special warfare provides policymakers with an additional option that can help secure U.S. interests and manage risks. It can stabilize a friendly state or destabilize a hostile regime by operating through and with local state or non-state partners, rather than through unilateral U.S. action.

  • Planning for the 'Army of the Future'

    Feb 17, 2016

    What must the Army be ready to do as part of a joint force, now and in the future? What capacities and capabilities should the Army have in order to be ready? The NCFA comes up short in its answers to both of these questions.

  • U.S. Military Service Members May Volunteer to Extend Tours if Offered Incentives

    Feb 8, 2016

    Nearly 60 percent of U.S. military service members surveyed were unwilling to voluntarily extend their tours, believing that doing so may adversely impact quality of life, morale, or job performance. Others reported interest in longer tours if financial incentives were offered.

  • Assessing Threats with Soft, Uncertain, and Conflicting Evidence

    Feb 1, 2016

    Part of thwarting terrorist attacks is observing suspicious individuals over time with diverse means. These observations provide data that are often both complex and “soft.” How can analysts combine these data to form a realistic threat assessment?

  • How China's New Russian Air Defense System Could Change Asia

    Jan 21, 2016

    The Russian S-400 TRIUMF surface to air missile entered the media spotlight when Moscow deployed the system after Turkey's shoot-down of a Russian plane near the Syria border on Thanksgiving Day. This episode demonstrated the S-400's potential as a weapon with strategic effects, a role that China may seek to exploit in future crises.

  • Artillery Returns to the Battlefield in the War Against ISIL

    Jan 11, 2016

    Together with increased air attacks, the Syrians and their Russian advisors seek to revitalize combined arms forces, and artillery is critical to their vision of such forces.