National Security: Featured Research

  • Pre-Deployment Stress, Mental Health, and Help-Seeking Behaviors Among Marines

    Dec 15, 2014

    As part of an evaluation of the Marine Corps Operational Stress Control and Readiness (OSCAR) program, this report describes the methods and findings of a large survey of marines who were preparing for a deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan in 2010 or 2011. The results are among the first to shed light on the pre-deployment mental health status of marines, as well as the social resources they draw on when coping with stress and their attitudes about seeking help for stress-related problems.

  • RAND Military Workplace Study

    Dec 3, 2014

    The RAND Military Workplace Study (RMWS) is an independent study of sexual assault and military equal employment opportunity (MEO) violations in the active duty and reserve components of the U.S. military, sponsored by the Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office (SAPRO) within the Office of the Secretary of Defense.

  • The Role of Maritime and Air Power in the DoD's Third Offset Strategy

    Dec 2, 2014

    Russia and China have been investing in military modernization programs to blunt the U.S. military's technological edge, fielding advanced aircraft, submarines, and both longer range and more accurate missiles. The DoD's Third Offset Strategy is a much-needed initiative to identify and invest in innovative ways to sustain and advance America's military dominance for the 21st century.

  • Measuring and Retaining the U.S. Army's Deployment Experience

    Nov 18, 2014

    The Army has contributed the bulk of deployed U.S. troops since 9/11, and has accrued substantial deployment experience. How can the U.S. prevent experience from being lost as combat operations conclude, soldiers separate from service, and Regular Army endstrength is reduced?

  • Honoring America's Veterans Requires Helping Their Families, Too

    Nov 11, 2014

    This Veterans Day, the United States especially honors the millions of veterans living with service-related illnesses and injuries. But it's also important to recognize the sacrifices of those helping them to recover and thrive: America's 5.5 million military caregivers.

  • Research Drives Ongoing Support for Veterans

    Nov 10, 2014

    On November 11, we honor the service and sacrifices of America's veterans. But as they return home and adjust to civilian life, veterans and their families face new challenges and communities struggle to meet their unique needs. Rigorous research is essential to addressing these challenges and finding long-term solutions. RAND explores key issues concerning veterans such as employment, health and well-being, family support, and education.

  • How Do Federal Civilian Pay Freezes and Retirement Plan Changes Affect Employee Retention in the Department of Defense?

    Nov 4, 2014

    A new study finds that mandated increases in employee contributions to the federal retirement plan can decrease federal civil service workforce retention by as much as 8.6 percent, while permanent pay freezes decrease the workforce retained by 7.3 percent.

  • Saving the Government Money: Examples from RAND's FFRDCs

    Oct 27, 2014

    RAND's three federally funded research and development centers apply research capital they have developed over the years to help decisionmakers solve problems and often save money as well. This publication lists and briefly summarizes some RAND projects undertaken over the past ten years that have helped save the government money or that have identified ways to do so.

  • Cost Considerations in Cloud Computing

    Oct 2, 2014

    Until the Department of Defense develops official guidance for cost analysis of cloud and data centers, examining cost drivers for several data management approaches can help guide DoD analysts.

  • How Pay Freezes, Unpaid Furloughs, and Other Compensation Changes Affect Retention in the Federal Civil Service Workforce

    Oct 2, 2014

    Federal employee pay freezes and unpaid furloughs have raised concerns about the ability of the federal civil service to attract and retain personnel. RAND's dynamic retention model has been extended to assess how such actions could affect DoD civil service employment.

  • Closing the Strategy-Policy Gap in Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction

    Sep 24, 2014

    Two presidents have declared counterproliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) a top national priority, but it has not been budgeted or resourced as such. This brief summarizes ground force capacities and capabilities needed to eliminate WMD.

  • Mending the Marriage Between Colleges and the Military

    Aug 18, 2014

    Without a concerted effort to change military executive education, military services will continue a misguided effort to buy academic credibility, and some elite universities will continue selling their names. Most importantly, the United States will miss an opportunity to hone the critical thinking of its next generation of military leaders.

  • Innovative Practices for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury

    Aug 1, 2014

    The RAND Corporation is conducting a study to identify and evaluate the effectiveness of Department of Defense-sponsored programs that address psychological health and Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) among members of the military community.

  • China: The Reluctant Partner

    Jul 30, 2014

    There's a high probability that the establishment of a U.S. Global SOF Network will reinforce Beijing's extreme insecurities about Washington's intentions towards China, and heighten Chinese perceptions of enhanced U.S. military encirclement capabilities. However, if China is invited to partner with U.S. Special Operations Forces, this may alter Chinese thinking on military cooperation.

  • 3 Weapons That Threaten Commercial Planes

    Jul 18, 2014

    It's relatively rare that commercial aircraft are targeted with weapons built primarily to attack military aircraft, but there are a range of potential threats from such weapons. Given that Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 was reportedly at 33,000 feet when contact was lost, it seems impossible that the attack could have occurred using a shoulder-fired missile.

  • Is There a Hidden Message in the Taliban's 2014 Fighting Season Plan?

    May 31, 2014

    The Taliban announced “Khaibar,” their plan for the operations they will be conducting this spring and summer. The reference to Khaibar — a conventional battle in which noncombatants were left unharmed — might actually hint at a strategy aimed at post-conflict reconciliation.

  • Women Writing War: A List of Essential Contemporary War Literature by Women

    May 28, 2014

    Women veterans are telling their stories, adding to the tales of war and homecoming that men have been recording from the Odyssey and Iliad on. Their diverse voices can deepen our understanding of the fastest-growing segment of the veteran population.

  • Despite Withdrawal, Russian Invasion of Eastern Ukraine Still Possible

    May 21, 2014

    Russian President Vladimir Putin would prefer to avoid further military action, but movement of Russian troops into eastern Ukraine is still possible if Putin is unable to extend his influence and prevent the country from aligning with the European Union.

  • Improving Demographic Diversity in the U.S. Air Force Officer Corps

    May 20, 2014

    To what extent does the representation of women and racial and ethnic minorities in the Air Force match the make-up of the general population? Despite the Air Force's efforts, minority groups and women are underrepresented in the active-duty line officer population, particularly among senior leaders.

  • An Evaluation of the Implementation and Perceived Utility of the Airman Resilience Training Program

    May 19, 2014

    Airman Resilience Training (ART) is a psychoeducational program designed to improve reactions to stress during and after deployment and to increase the use of needed mental health services. Its effectiveness is examined as part of an effort to evaluate programs that support psychological health and care for traumatic brain injury (TBI).