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After 70 years, Japan may finally be on the cusp of acquiring its own military. Legally, that is. Prime Minister Abe has proposed a change to Japan's constitution to give legal standing to the Self-Defense Forces, and it's long overdue.
Being a proactive contributor to peace involves risk if a country is serious about gaining real-world experience. Pulling out of South Sudan deprives Japan's Self-Defense Force of crucial operational experience and sends a confusing message to the United States and the international community.
As shipyard work changes, will more personnel now be required to perform it? Researchers examine why the rising number of civilians employed at the U.S. Navy's public shipyards has outpaced increases in workload, and what risks shipyards may wish to address through additional hiring.
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Moving Toward a Sustainable U.S. Defense Budget - Speech Given June 15, 2010, at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore — 2010
Spending on national security accounts for over 60 percent of the discretionary budget, and pressure to reduce U.S. defense spending is mounting. This paper, based on a speech given in June 2010 at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, briefly outlines the budgetary pressures for limiting U.S. defense spending, the lack of obvious targets for spending reductions within the defense budget, and the factors militating against a reduction in U.S. security commitments abroad. The author finds some potential for reduced defense spending if intelligence and law enforcement agencies and aid institutions can assume more of the counterterrorism mission or if the ability of partner nations to ensure their own security can be increased.
Catastrophe Risk Management in the Public Sector — 2010
In January 2010, RAND executive vice president Michael Rich spoke at the first International Symposium on Catastrophe Risk Management, commemorating the establishment of the Institute of Catastrophe Risk Management (ICRM) at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. In this transcript of the speech, he explains the importance of catastrophe risk management for policymaking in the face of deep uncertainty and discusses challenges for ICRM, RAND, and the rest of the analytic community.
Global Combat Support Basing: Robust Prepositioning Strategies for Air Force War Reserve Materiel — 2010
The ability to rapidly deploy forces into austere locations is essential to the global power projection concept of operation. Much of the materiel used by such expeditionary forces does not deploy with the unit but is instead sourced from a global network of prepositioning storage locations, to reduce the transportation requirements associated with the movement of such materiel. Current storage concepts for prepositioned materiel are based on planning assumptions from the Cold War era: that deployment scenarios and their associated support requirements could be fairly well identified in advance and the necessary materiel prepositioned at anticipated deployment sites. This monograph identifies alternative approaches to storing combat support materiel that satisfy the requirements of deploying forces in an expeditionary environment that more closely resembles the current Department of Defense planning guidance, while simultaneously reducing total system costs and increasing robustness in the event of disruptions such as loss of access to a storage site.
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