The gender integration experiences of foreign militaries — as well as U.S. civilian police and fire departments — can provide valuable lessons for the U.S. Marine Corps as it considers making more opportunities available to women.
National Security Research Division
Blog Posts and Media Coverage
Increased use of the reserve component, particularly since September 11, 2001, and an expectation that this role will continue and possibly increase in the future has renewed interest in the question of the appropriate number of reserve component general and flag officers (RC G/FOs). RAND researchers conducted a review of requirements and authorized strength for RC G/FOs.
Counterinsurgency Scorecard Update: Afghanistan in Early 2015 Relative to Insurgencies Since World War II2016
A key finding of previous RAND research on insurgencies worldwide since World War II was that an overall score on a scorecard of 15 equally weighted good and 11 equally weighted bad counterinsurgency factors and practices distinguished conflicts' historical outcomes. Using the scorecard approach and an expert elicitation exercise, a RAND study sought to extend the findings to the case of Afghanistan in 2015.
Defense Resource Planning Under Uncertainty: An Application of Robust Decision Making to Munitions Mix Planning2016
Defense planning faces significant uncertainties. This report applies robust decision making (RDM) to the air-delivered munitions mix challenge. RDM is quantitative, decision support methodology designed to inform decisions under conditions of deep uncertainty and complexity. This proof-of-concept demonstration suggests that RDM could help defense planners make plans more robust to a wide range of hard-to-predict futures.
This study examined U.S. Department of Defense permanent change of station programs to determine the potential for savings that could accrue by increasing the amount of time between moves. The research reviewed current policies and investigated the potential for incentive programs to encourage servicemembers to stay longer at their current stations. Potential implementation of an auction program was also discussed.
Uncertainty-Sensitive Heterogeneous Information Fusion: Assessing Threat with Soft, Uncertain, and Conflicting Evidence2016
This report presents research on various methods for heterogeneous information fusion — combining data that are qualitative, subjective, fuzzy, ambiguous, contradictory, and even deceptive, in order to form a realistic uncertainty-sensitive assessment of threat. The context is counterterrorism, for both military and civilian applications, but the ideas are more generally applicable in intelligence and law enforcement.
The decentralized resistance approach that was part of Swiss military strategy during the Cold War could also benefit the defense of the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. This RAND perspective outlines key concepts and elements of the Swiss approach and discusses how they may be of use in the context of the current potential threats to these countries.